Fact Sheet
Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
April 17, 2009

The Organization of American States (OAS) on November 14, 1997, adopted the Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials. This is the first multilateral convention designed to prevent, combat, and eradicate illegal transnational trafficking in firearms, ammunition and explosives. The treaty entered into force on July 1, 1998.


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Article I


Article II


Article III


Article IV

"Legislative Measures"

Article V


Article VI

"Marking of Firearms"

Article VII

"Confiscation or Forfeiture"

Article VIII

"Security Measures"

Article IX

"Export, Import, and Transit Licenses or Authorizations"

Article X

"Strengthening of Controls at Export Points"

Article XI


Article XII


Article XIII

"Exchange of Information"

Article XIV


Article XV

"Exchange of Experience and Training"

Article XVI

"Technical Assistance"

Article XVII

"Mutual Legal Assistance"

Article XVIII

"Controlled Delivery"

Article XIX


Article XX

"Establishment and Functions of the Consultative Committee"

Article XXI

"Structure and Meetings of the Consultative Committee"

Article XXII


Article XXIII


Article XXIV


Article XXV

"Entry into Force"

Article XXVI


Article XXVII

"Other Agreements and Practices"

Article XXVIII

"Conference of States Parties"

Article XXIX

"Dispute Settlement"

Article XXX