Trafficking in Persons Report
Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
June 12, 2007
Report

Malawi: Child Protection Officers Enhance Nation's Ability To Combat Child Trafficking
The Government of Malawi has recruited 400 child protection officers to serve in the country's 27 local government districts. These officers are specially trained to recognize children who are victims of exploitation, including trafficking, to raise awareness at the grassroots level, and to provide reintegration assistance for trafficking victims. Serving a critical role, they monitor communities for signs of trafficking. Approximately half of the reported trafficking cases in Malawi are identified by these officers.

South Africa: Soccer Stars Raise Public Awareness
South Africa's beloved and foremost soccer team, the Kaizer Chiefs, started "Human Trafficking Awareness Week" wearing T-shirts with a counter-trafficking message and International Organization for Migration's (IOM) national toll-free number during the warm-up before their Premier Soccer League match. The game was nationally televised and officially inaugurated Awareness Week for soccer fans.

Bosnia and Herzegovina: NGO Provides Free Legal Aid for Trafficking Victims
Vasa Prava is the only NGO providing pro bono legal assistance to victims of human trafficking in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Founded in 1996, the organization runs 16 permanent offices and 50 mobile units staffed by 80 employees, and it has assisted more than 400,000 Bosnians. Attorneys from Vasa Prava are available to domestic victims from the time they arrive at a shelter, even if they are not formally registered by the state, and arrange all residency permits and asylum applications for foreign victims. If a victim chooses to testify, Vasa Prava represents the individual from the first statement until trial completion.

Through its uniform approach and intermediary work between victims and government, Vasa Prava has also helped to strengthen the rule of law in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Victims assisted by Vasa Prava are more likely to testify against their traffickers in criminal proceedings and have provided critical testimony leading to the conviction of several notorious traffickers and organized crime rings. Vasa Prava performs an integral civil role that the Bosnian Government, due to funding and logistical restraints, cannot fulfill, and has given a voice to those previously silenced.

Czech Republic: Elite Police Unit Combats Labor Trafficking
The national police organized crime unit created a specialized police investigative department to investigate and combat labor trafficking. This has allowed police to focus resources and manpower to investigate sophisticated criminal networks involved in forced labor. To strengthen intragovernmental cooperation in forced labor investigations, the unit coordinates with labor inspectors who enforce labor laws pertaining to working conditions.

Germany: Comprehensive World Cup Response Model
The Government of Germany, international organizations, and NGOs initiated prevention and protection measures for the 2006 World Cup in mid-2005 that serve as an effective model for future, large-scale international sporting events. Over a year before the World Cup began, German law enforcement authorities developed specialized strategies and concepts to prevent and investigate sex trafficking during the games, including an overall World Cup National Security concept, a state-federal law enforcement information-sharing network, and greater police presence in red-light districts. Politicians and public figures at all levels actively promoted anti-trafficking efforts during the World Cup. The government funded a number of major public campaigns conducted by NGOs, and supported 24-hour hotline for trafficking victims and World Cup attendees. Posters and flyers were displayed in key areas where fans gathered to watch games on large outdoor screens, reaching a much larger audience than previous anti-trafficking campaigns.

Cambodia: Moto-Taxis Help Crackdown on Child Sex Tourism
The NGO Childsafe Program has trained 36 mototaxi drivers and employees of 25 guesthouses to protect and identify children who are at risk of commercial sexual exploitation in Sihanoukville, a beach resort town. The program trains drivers of moto-dups (two-wheeled taxis) and tuk-tuks (three-wheeled taxis) to identify and report any suspicious behavior by tourists who may have the intention of exploiting children.

Cambodia: NGO Helps Arrest Child Sex Tourists
Action Pour Les Enfants (APLE) focuses on eradicating street-based sexual exploitation and arresting traveling child-sex offenders in Cambodia. As a result of APLE's work in 2006, Cambodian authorities arrested 21 child-sex offenders and pedophiles. APLE has worked with local police and judicial officials, monitored these same officials, facilitated greater involvement of foreign police officials, and provided legal representation to victims who would otherwise not be able to afford a lawyer.

Nepal: Trafficking Survivors Work To Prevent Trafficking
Shakti Samuaha, the first NGO in the world formed by trafficking survivors, organized a conference attended by more than 120 survivors to mark the 97th International Women's Day. Many of the women traveled for two or three days on foot due to transportation strikes. The survivors assembled to focus on preventing human trafficking of vulnerable populations, particularly adolescent girls, and providing rehabilitative services for trafficking survivors. The organization upholds human rights at the core of its human trafficking strategy and compels policy makers to work from the perspective of victims of trafficking and those who are the most vulnerable.

Burkina Faso: National Truckers Union Intercepts Human Trafficking Victims
The local NGO, Lutrena Project for the Mobilization and Building Capacity of Road Haulers, formed an alliance with the Truckers Union to intercept and repatriate human trafficking victims. The project established an anti-trafficking alert system at bus stations in seven of the 13 regions where child trafficking is prevalent. The anti-trafficking network includes representatives of truckers unions, security forces, social action groups, and both religious and traditional groups to identify and report suspected trafficking situations. The anti-trafficking network has successfully intercepted 549 children, including four girls, in the past year and enabled the prosecution of 29 traffickers.

Bangladesh: Confronting Prostitution of Boys
The NGO INDICIN is one of the most prominent advocates of children's rights in the country. It is also the first NGO in the country to tackle such sensitive issues as underage male prostitution, a little-discussed problem in the country. INCIDIN has worked to remove the stigma of discussing this subject and to shed light on this phenomenon. INCIDIN opened a safe-night shelter for street children in Dhaka and worked with the Government of Bangladesh to expand the program to other parts of the country.

[This is a mobile copy of Commendable International Efforts]