June 6, 2006


General Assembly of the Organization of American States
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 6, 2006

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly on the activities of the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.4548/06 add. 2);

RECALLING its resolutions AG/RES. 2107 (XXXV-O/05), "The Americas as Biological- and Chemical Weapons-Free Region"; AG/RES. 2108 (XXXV-O/05), "The Proliferation of and the Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects"; AG/RES. 2110 (XXXV-O/05), "Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions"; AG/RES. 2113 (XXXV-O/05), "Transparency and Confidence- and Security-Building in the Americas"; and AG/RES. 2145 (XXXV-O/05), "Denying MANPADS to Terrorists: Control and Security of Man-Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS)";

REAFFIRMING that the programs, activities, and tasks set out in the above-mentioned resolutions are necessary for the furtherance of the essential purpose of the Organization, enshrined in the Charter, to strengthen peace and security in the Hemisphere, and that cooperation among member states is fundamental for the attainment of that goal;

REITERATING Article 2 of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, adopted in Mexico City in October 2003, which provides that the"new concept of security in the Hemisphere is multidimensional in scope, includes traditional and new threats, concerns, and other challenges to the security of the states of the Hemisphere, incorporates the priorities of each state, contributes to the consolidation of peace, integral development, and social justice, and is based on democratic values, respect for and promotion and defense of human rights, solidarity, cooperation, and respect for national sovereignty";

REITERATING ALSO Article 4.a of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, which provides that "[e]ach state has the sovereign right to identify its own national security priorities and to define strategies, plans, and actions for addressing threats to its security, in accordance with its legal system and with full respect for international law and the norms and principles of the Charter of the OAS and the Charter of the United Nations"; and

RECALLING:

That at the Fourth Summit of the Americas, in November 2005, the Heads of State and Government reiterated their commitment to the objectives and purposes contained in the Declaration on Security in the Americas and called for continued implementation of the Declaration; and

The importance of the implementation by member states, in the manner they deem most appropriate, of the recommendations contained in the Declaration of Santiago and the Declaration of San Salvador on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures, in the Consensus of Miami: Declaration by the Experts on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures: Recommendations to the Summit-Mandated Special Conference on Security, and in the relevant sections of the Declaration of Kingstown on the Security of Small Island States,

RESOLVES:

1. To reiterate its mandates to the Permanent Council and to the General Secretariat contained in the following resolutions; and to urge member states to continue contributing to the attainment of the objectives established in the following resolutions through the development and execution of activities, the submission of reports, the exchange and sharing of information, the adoption of measures and policies, and cooperation, support, and mutual assistance:

a. AG/RES. 2107 (XXXV-O/05), "The Americas as a Biological- and Chemical Weapons-Free Region";

b. AG/RES. 2108 (XXXV-O/05), "The Proliferation of and the Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects";

c. AG/RES. 2110 (XXXV-O/05), "Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions";

d. AG/RES. 2113 (XXXV-O/05), "Transparency and Confidence- and Security-Building in the Americas"; and

e. AG/RES. 2145 (XXXV-O/05), "Denying MANPADS to Terrorists: Control and Security of Man-Portable Air Defense Systems (MANPADS)."

2. To urge member states and permanent observers to contribute to the new fund established at the thirty-fifth regular session of the General Assembly dedicated to channeling financial resources to member states for the collection and destruction of small arms and light weapons, and related training programs.

3. To consider all aspects related to the proliferation of and illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons; and, to that end, to request that the Secretariat pro tempore of the Consultative Committee of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), inform the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH) of the results of the United Nations Review Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons In All Its Aspects, scheduled to be held in 2006.

4. To request the Permanent Council to convene a meeting on February 12, 2007, at the level of the CSH and in coordination with the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE) and the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, on effective strategies to mitigate the threat posed by MANPADS, in the framework of resolution AG/RES. 2145 (XXXV-O/05).

5. To fulfill concretely the shared commitment of member states to make the Americas a region free of biological and chemical weapons and, to this end, to:

a. Hold on December 11, 2006, at the level of the CSH, a special meeting dedicated to promoting universality of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction and an exchange of information on experiences in legislative and administrative measures required for the implementation of that Convention and on the efforts of member states to fulfill their commitment to a region free of biological and chemical weapons; and

b. Hold on December 12, 2006, at the level of the CSH, a special meeting dedicated to combating the proliferation of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, their delivery systems, and related materials, within the framework of United Nations Security Council resolution 1540 (2004).

6. To instruct the Permanent Council to continue, through the CSH, to participate in and conduct consultations and exchange experiences and information with other regional and international forums, inter alia, the Conferences of Ministers of Defense of the Americas, as mentioned in resolution AG/RES. 2113 (XXXV-O/05), and to hold, through the Committee, the next round of OAS-OSCE exchange of experiences and seek to establish an exchange of experiences with the ASEAN Regional Forum in 2007.

7. To instruct the Permanent Council to convene the Forum on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures to meet on November 29, 2006, to evaluate the application of the Illustrative List of Confidence- and Security-Building Measures, adopted at the Meeting of Experts on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures, held in Miami in February 2003.

8. To continue to advance mutual confidence by convening, by 2008, a high-level meeting on confidence- and security-building measures to consider next steps to further consolidate mutual confidence.

9. To instruct the General Secretariat to carry out the activities mentioned in this resolution within the resources allocated in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.

10. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-seventh regular session on the implementation of this resolution.

11. To instruct the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-seventh regular session on the implementation of this resolution.