AG/RES. 2187 (XXXVI-O/06) Special Security Concerns Of The Small Island States Of The Caribbean
General Assembly of the Organization of American States
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 6, 2006
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly, in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.4548/06 add. 2);
RECALLING that the ministers of foreign affairs and heads of delegation recognized, as stated in the Declaration of Bridgetown, that the security threats, concerns, and other challenges in the hemispheric context are diverse in nature and multidimensional in scope, and that the traditional concept and approach must be expanded to encompass new and nontraditional threats, which include political, economic, social, health, and environmental aspects;
REITERATING that the security of small island states has peculiar characteristics which render these states specially vulnerable and susceptible to risks and threats of a multidimensional and transnational nature, involving political, economic, social, health, environmental, and geographic factors; and that multilateral cooperation is the most effective approach for responding to and managing the threats and concerns of small island states;
AWARE that the small island states remain deeply concerned about the possible threats posed to their economies and maritime environment should a ship transporting potentially hazardous material, including petroleum and radioactive material and toxic waste, have an accident or be the target of a terrorist attack while transiting the Caribbean Sea and other sea-lanes of communication in the Hemisphere;
RECOGNIZING that the Second High-Level Meeting on the Special Security Concerns of Small Island States, held in Kingstown, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, in January 2003, and resolution AG/RES. 1970 (XXXIII-O/03), which endorsed the recommendations of the said Second High-Level Meeting as set out in the Declaration of Kingstown on the Security of Small Island States, both reaffirmed that the political, economic, social, health, and environmental integrity and stability of small island states are integral to the security of the Hemisphere;
MINDFUL of the potentially disastrous impact of acts of terrorism on the stability and security of all states in the Hemisphere, particularly the small and vulnerable island states;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the decisions adopted by the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE) at its sixth regular session (Bogot�, Colombia, March 22-24, 2006) on actions related to improving the security of tourism and recreational facilities in the Americas, as set out in the Declaration of San Carlos on Hemispheric Cooperation for Comprehensive Action to Fight Terrorism, resolution CICTE/RES. 1/06, "Cooperation Initiatives for the Security of Tourism and Recreational Facilities in the Americas,"and the CICTE Work Plan for 2006-2007;
BEARING IN MIND the need to support member states of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) with security preparations for the upcoming Cricket World Cup 2007;
UNDERSCORING the importance of sustained dialogue on the multidimensional aspects of security and their impact on the small island states of the Caribbean, and in this context, noting with satisfaction the significant contribution by the First and the Second High-Level Meeting on the Special Security Concerns of Small Island States to strengthening confidence and security in the Hemisphere;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the ongoing dialogue among the states of the Hemisphere to address the security concerns of the small island states, such as the recent United States-CARICOM Ministerial (March 22, 2006), which agreed to support subregional efforts to enhance law enforcement and security cooperation, air safety, and oversight and disaster preparedness, and confirmed their intention to collaborate on an arrangement against the illicit trade in firearms;
Its resolutions AG/RES. 1886 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1970 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 2006 (XXXIV-O/04), and AG/RES. 2112 (XXXV-O/05), "Special Security Concerns of Small Island States of the Caribbean"; AG/RES. 1497 (XXVII-O/97), AG/RES. 1567 (XXVIII-O/98), AG/RES. 1640 (XXIX-O/99), and AG/RES. 1802 (XXXI-O/01), "Special Security Concerns of Small Island States"; and AG/RES. 1410 (XXVI-O/96), "Promotion of Security in the Small Island States";
Its resolutions AG/RES. 2114 (XXXV-O/05), "Natural Disaster Reduction and Risk Management"; and AG/RES. 2184 (XXXVI-O/06), "Natural Disaster Reduction, Risk Management, and Assistance in Natural and Other Disaster Situations";
That at the Special Conference on Security, held in Mexico City on October 27 and 28, 2003, member states addressed, in paragraphs 2 and 4 of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, the multidimensional scope of security and the new threats, concerns, and other challenges and, in paragraph 8 of that Declaration, called for "renewed and ongoing attention to, and the development of appropriate instruments and strategies within the Inter-American system to address the special security concerns of small island states as reflected in the Declaration of Kingstown on the Security of Small Island States," and noting also paragraphs 43 and 44 of the Declaration on Security in the Americas; and
That in the said Declaration on Security in the Americas member states emphasized the need to reinforce existing efforts in the Hemisphere with regard to transportation security, without prejudice to the flow of trade;
RECOGNIZING the international obligations of member states, particularly obligations of the states parties to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and relevant instruments of the International Maritime Organization; and
NOTING that at the Fourth Summit of the Association of Caribbean States (ACS), held in Panama City, Panama, in July 2005, the Heads of State and/or Government of the ACS member states urged those countries currently involved in the production or shipment of nuclear waste to adopt measures aimed at strengthening international cooperation in order to comply with security measures on the transportation of radioactive materials, especially those adopted at the Forty-seventh General Conference of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (Austria 2003),
1. To reemphasize the importance of strengthening and enhancing the agenda of the Organization of American States and the hemispheric security architecture by addressing the multidimensional nature of security as it relates to the security of the small island states of the Caribbean.
2. To renew its appeal to member states to continue collaborating with the small island states of the Caribbean in the development of effective ways of addressing the security issues of these states.
3. To instruct the Permanent Council to remain seized of the issues which impact the security of small island states, and, to this end, through its Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH), to evaluate progress made in addressing the security concerns of those states and the development of strategies for advancing the implementation of the related General Assembly resolutions.
4. To request that, in support of the small island states' efforts to address their special security concerns, the CSH coordinate and maintain the necessary liaison with the organs, agencies, entities, and mechanisms of the Organization and other institutions and mechanisms related to the various aspects of security and defense in the Hemisphere, respecting the mandates and areas of competence of each, in order to achieve the application, evaluation, and follow-up of those provisions pertaining to the special security concerns of small island states in the Declaration on Security in the Americas.
5. To reiterate its request that the General Secretariat, through the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security and the relevant organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system, such as the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI), the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE), the Inter-American Committee on Ports (CIP), the Consultative Committee of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), the Inter-American Committee on Natural Disaster Reduction (IACNDR), and the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB), support, within their areas of competence and programming, the continued efforts of the small island states to address their security and defense concerns, particularly with respect to:
i. Developing training programs and proposals for strategic plans and cooperation to enable existing security entities in the small island states to meet the new security threats, concerns, and challenges;
ii. Assisting border control authorities in the small island states in accessing critical information; enhancing their border control systems and transportation security, including airport and seaport security; and strengthening their border control capacities;
iii. Strengthening the capacity of small island states to fight against illicit trafficking in drugs and firearms;
iv. Carrying out simulation exercises to strengthen the disaster response capacity of these states; and
v. Improving the security of tourism and recreational facilities.
6. To request the Permanent Council and the General Secretariat to carry out the measures envisaged in this resolution within the resources allocated in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.
7. To instruct the Permanent Council and the Secretary General to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-seventh regular session on the implementation of this resolution.