June 4, 2002


(Resolution adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 4, 2002)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.4059/02), in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security;

RECALLING its resolutions AG/RES. 1497 (XXVII-O/97), AG/RES. 1567 (XXVIII-O/98), AG/RES. 1640 (XXIX-O/99)], and AG/RES. 1802 (XXXI-O/01)], "Special Security Concerns of Small Island States" and AG/RES. 1410 (XXVI-O/96), "Promotion of Security in the Small Island States";

REITERATING:

That the security of small island states has peculiar characteristics which render these states specially vulnerable and susceptible to risks and threats of a multidimensional and trans national nature, involving political, economic, social, health, environmental, and geographic factors;
That these security threats assume great significance in the security agenda of small island states because of the size of these states, their openness, and their limited capacity to manage these threats;

That there is a pressing need for a more effective management mechanism to assist the small island states in dealing with such multidimensional and transnational threats to their security in a coordinated and cooperative manner;

That high-level meetings on the special security concerns of small island states contribute to confidence- and security-building in the Hemisphere; and

That the security threats experienced by the small island states also affect, to varying degrees, other states of the Hemisphere;

MINDFUL of the potential negative impact of acts of terrorism on the stability and security of all states in the Hemisphere, particularly in the small and vulnerable island states;

AWARE that the small island states are deeply concerned about the possible threats posed to their economies and maritime environment should a ship transporting toxic nuclear waste have an accident or be the target of a terrorist attack while transiting the Caribbean Sea and other sea-lanes of communication in the Hemisphere;

RECOGNIZING that multilateral cooperation, through the pooling of finite national resources and capacities, is the most effective approach for responding to and managing the predominant transnational and multidimensional security threats and concerns of the small island states in the Hemisphere;

RECALLING:

The support expressed by the Heads of State and Government at the Third Summit of the Americas (Quebec City, April 2001) for the efforts of the small island developing states to address their special security concerns, and of the recognition accorded to the multidimensional nature of security for the smallest and most vulnerable states in the Hemisphere; and
That at the Third Summit of the Americas, the Heads of State and Government mandated the holding of a Special Conference on Security; and

CONSIDERING:

That the special security concerns of the small island states have an integral place in the security agenda of the entire Hemisphere and will therefore be considered at this Special Conference; and
That member states have repeatedly demonstrated their willingness to dialogue and cooperate on security matters and that there is, in the Hemisphere, an enhanced atmosphere of confidence and transparency,

RESOLVES:

1. To convene the Second High-Level Meeting on the Special Security Concerns of Small Island States with a view to:

a. identifying and discussing the special security threats and concerns of the small island states in the Hemisphere;

b. considering appropriate multilateral strategies to address these threats and concerns in an effective and coordinated manner; and

c. adopting a management model or better coordinating approaches through which these special security threats and concerns of small island states can be appropriately and adequately addressed.

2. To instruct the Permanent Council to formalize the site, agenda, and date of the Second High-Level Meeting and, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, to carry out the other necessary preparations for conducting the said meeting, including the preparation of a draft security management model or recommendations for better coordinating approaches to be presented for consideration and adoption at the said High-Level Meeting.

3. To instruct the Permanent Council to remain seized of the issues which impact the security of small island states.

4. To instruct the Permanent Council:

a. To discuss the concerns of the small island states regarding the transshipment of nuclear waste through the Caribbean Sea;

b. To evaluate the potential threat posed by such transshipment through the Caribbean Sea; and

c. To consider conducting a study, to be undertaken under the coordination of the Secretary General, on defense and security planning for small island states in order to adequately respond to an incident or a terrorist attack on nuclear waste-bearing ships crossing the Caribbean Sea. For this purpose, the Secretary General shall invite the relevant regional, hemispheric and international organizations and institutions.

5. To request the Permanent Council to transmit the conclusions and recommendations of the Second High-Level Meeting to the preparatory body of the Special Conference on Security as a contribution to the preparations for that Conference.

6. To instruct the General Secretariat to provide the necessary technical and secretariat resources for the preparation and holding of the said High-Level Meeting, within the resources allocated in the program-budget and other resources.

7. To request the Secretary General to continue to support the efforts of the small island states to address their security concerns, including raising public awareness of these concerns.

8. To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to other interested multilateral institutions, including the Association of Caribbean States, the Caribbean Community, the United Nations, the United Nations Development Programme, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, the Central American Integration System, and the Commonwealth.

9. To request the Secretary General to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-third regular session on the implementation of this resolution.

10. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-third regular session on the implementation of this resolution.