June 10, 2003


(Resolution adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 10, 2003)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.4156/03 add. 4), in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security;

RECALLING that the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Heads of Delegation recognized, as stated in the Declaration of Bridgetown, that security threats, concerns, and other challenges in the hemispheric context are diverse in nature and multidimensional in scope, and that the traditional concept and approach must be expanded to encompass new and nontraditional threats, which include political, economic, social, health, and environmental aspects;

RECALLING ALSO resolutions AG/RES. 1886 (XXXII-O/02), "Special Security Concerns of Small Island States of the Caribbean, AG/RES. 1497 (XXVII-O/97), AG/RES. 1567 (XXVIII-O/98), AG/RES. 1640 (XXIX-O/99), and AG/RES. 1802 (XXXI-O/01), "Special Security Concerns of Small Island States" and AG/RES. 1410 (XXVI-O/96), "Promotion of Security in the Small Island States";

REITERATING that the security of small island states has peculiar characteristics which render these states specially vulnerable and susceptible to risks and threats of a multidimensional and transnational nature, involving political, economic, social, health, environmental, and geographic factors; and that multilateral cooperation is the most effective approach for responding to and managing the threats and concerns of small island states;

AWARE that the small island states remain deeply concerned about the possible threats posed to their economies and maritime environment should a ship transporting toxic nuclear waste have an accident or be the target of a terrorist attack while transiting the Caribbean Sea and other sea-lanes of communication in the Hemisphere;

MINDFUL of the potential negative impact of acts of terrorism on the stability and security of all states in the Hemisphere, particularly the small and vulnerable island states; and

RECOGNIZING that the Second High-Level Meeting on the Special Security Concerns of Small Island States reaffirmed that the political, economic, social, health, and environmental integrity and stability of small island states is integral to the security of the Hemisphere,

RESOLVES:

1. To strengthen and enhance the agenda of the Organization of American States and the inter-American security system by addressing hemispheric security issues in the context of the multidimensional nature of security.

2. To endorse the recommendations of the Second High-Level Meeting on the Special Security Concerns of Small Island States, as set out in the Declaration of Kingstown on the Special Security Concerns of Small Island States of the Caribbean.

3. To call on member states to collaborate with the small island states of the Caribbean with a view to developing effective ways of addressing the security issues of these small island states.

4. To instruct the Permanent Council to remain seized of the issues which impact the security of small island states, and, to this end, through its Committee on Hemispheric Security, to hold a meeting dedicated to the consideration of these issues.

5. To instruct the Permanent Council to evaluate the results of the study coordinated by the Office of the Secretary General on "Defense and Security Planning for Small Island States to Adequately Respond to an Incident or a Terrorist Attack on Nuclear Waste-bearing Ships Crossing the Caribbean Sea" (CP/doc.3731/03).

6. To request the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system to support the efforts of the small island states in addressing their security concerns, including:

i. The establishment and implementation of a virtual private network to facilitate regional sharing of criminal intelligence and other relevant databases in the fight against terrorism and of critical information among border-control authorities to strengthen border-control capacity in the fight against drug trafficking and terrorism;

ii. Developing training programs to allow existing entities to meet the new challenges; and

iii. Developing proposals for strategic planning and cooperation and ways to deal with common threats.

7. To instruct the organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system to provide technical assistance to the small island states of the Caribbean for the development and adoption of an implementation plan for the "Security Management Model on Special Threats, Concerns and Challenges of Small Island States" pursuant to the above-mentioned Declaration of Kingstown, and to consult with the CARICOM Regional Task Force on Crime and Security and the Regional Security System (RSS) in complying with this instruction.

8. To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to other relevant and interested multilateral institutions, including the Association of Caribbean States, the Caribbean Community, the CARICOM Regional Task Force on Crime and Security, the RSS, the United Nations, the United Nations Development Programme, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, the Central American Integration System, and the Commonwealth.

9. To request the Secretary General to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-fourth regular session on the implementation of this resolution.

10. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-fourth regular session on the implementation of this resolution.