AG/RES. 2147 (XXXV-O/05) Strengthening Democracy In Haiti
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2005)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
RECOGNIZING that one of the essential purposes of the Organization of American States is to promote and consolidate representative democracy and respect for democratic institutions, with due regard for the principle of nonintervention, as stated in its Charter;
REAFFIRMING the principles contained in the Inter-American Democratic Charter and in particular the principle that the peoples of the Americas have a right to democracy and their governments have an obligation to promote and defend it;
RECALLING the resolutions of the Permanent Council and its own resolutions on the situation in Haiti, in particular resolution AG/RES. 2058 (XXXIV-O/04), which requested "the OAS Special Mission for Strengthening Democracy in Haiti ... to assist the Provisional Electoral Council in preparing, organizing, and overseeing the elections and the proclamation of results, in cooperation with the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)" and called on "all sectors of Haitian society to undertake all necessary initiatives to achieve these objectives" of promoting "full and lasting democracy and the strengthening of democratic institutions with guarantees for citizens and respect for fundamental freedoms";
RECALLING ALSO the reports submitted by the Acting Secretary General to the Permanent Council on developments in the situation in Haiti;
NOTING the preparations made for the holding of elections on October 9, November 13, and December 18, 2005, but also the concerns expressed by several member states that preparations need to be accelerated to ensure timely elections;
EXPRESSING its support for the process of dialogue launched by the transitional Government of Haiti on April 7, 2005;
EXPRESSING ALSO its support for the work carried out by the OAS Special Mission for Strengthening Democracy in Haiti;
The mission undertaken to Haiti in April 2005 by the United Nations Security Council in conjunction with the Ad Hoc Advisory Group of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations to assess the situation in Haiti and to foster normalization;
The visit made to Haiti in September 2004 by a delegation of representatives of member states of the Permanent Council, and the on-site visit made by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in April 2005 to assess the human rights situation in Haiti; and
The International Donors Conference on Haiti, held at the World Bank in Washington, D.C., in March 2004, as well as the Ministerial Meeting on Aid for the Reconstruction of Haiti, held in Cayenne, French Guiana, in March 2005, and the Montreal International Conference on Haiti, scheduled to be held in Montreal, Canada, on June 16 and 17, 2005;
SEEKING to restore security in Haiti and to promote the socioeconomic recovery of the Haitian people in a peaceful and stable political environment;
RECALLING that security, political reconciliation, and economic reconstruction efforts remain key to the stability of Haiti; and
The concerns about the situation of the Haitian justice and correctional systems, including prolonged pretrial detentions and the need to strengthen due process; and
The grave challenges faced by the Haitian National Police in effectively confronting armed gangs while protecting the constitutional and human rights of all Haitians,
1. To urge the transitional Government of Haiti, in conjunction with Haiti's Provisional Electoral Council (CEP) and with support from the OAS Special Mission for Strengthening Democracy in Haiti and the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), to take all necessary steps as quickly as possible to ensure the holding of inclusive, free, fair, transparent, and democratic elections on October 9 and November 13, 2005, and, if required, on December 18, 2005.
2. To encourage, in accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding between the OAS and the United Nations of November 2004, the pursuit of initiatives and activities aimed at creating a secure and stable climate conducive to the electoral process.
3. To urge the transitional Government of Haiti, in order to facilitate the electoral process, to provide all required support for the OAS Special Mission and to put at the disposal of the CEP all necessary resources, such as the use of public buildings and the radio spectrum, and to expeditiously issue customs permits, to accelerate the voter registration process.
4. To urge all Haitians to register to vote and to participate in the upcoming elections.
5. To instruct the General Secretariat to adopt all measures necessary for monitoring and observing the elections, if so requested.
6. To invite the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and other members of the international community to lend their support to the electoral process.
7. To encourage the professionalization of the Haitian National Police, including the vetting and certification of new and existing officers, with the assistance of the international community.
8. To underscore the importance of the transitional Government's efforts to deter violence and deal firmly with illegal armed groups and the problems they pose, with full respect for the constitutional and human rights of all Haitians, in order to restore security and public order; and to recognize the need for increased capacity of the Haitian National Police in this regard.
9. To recognize the transitional Government's efforts to promote the processes of disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of former members of the Haitian armed forces and illegal armed groups, as an essential component for promoting peace and reconciliation in Haiti; and to reiterate the need for strengthening those efforts.
10. To urge member states, the international community, and regional organizations to assist the transitional Government of Haiti in addressing the serious threat posed by the proliferation of and illicit trafficking in small arms and light weapons in its territory.
11. To commend and urge the transitional Government to move forward expeditiously with the National Dialogue Initiative to promote harmonious coexistence, peace, and national reconciliation.
12. To reaffirm support for the OAS Special Mission and its activities, and the need to continue working in support of elections, the strengthening of democratic institutions, and the protection of human rights.
13. To urge the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) to continue to monitor and report on the human rights situation in Haiti and to work with the OAS Special Mission on the promotion and observance of those rights.
14. To urge all sectors in Haiti, without exception, to support and participate actively in the National Dialogue in order to rebuild and ensure the proper functioning of democratic institutions.
15. To reiterate its support for MINUSTAH and to request the Secretary General to invite the United Nations to maintain its support for the Haitian people, particularly during the critical electoral process and subsequent political transition.
16. To urge the transitional Government of Haiti to adopt all necessary measures to reform the judicial sector, including by urgently accelerating judicial proceedings to ensure that the constitutional rights of detained persons are respected and to reduce, in accordance with due process, the high number of prisoners awaiting trial, including all members of the former government in that situation.
17. To encourage the transitional Government of Haiti to strengthen the judicial system to attain an equitable distribution of justice in accordance with Haitian law, including by increased cooperation between Haitian judicial authorities and international experts.
18. To urge the transitional Government of Haiti to adopt all measures necessary for combating impunity, observing and protecting human rights, and restoring the rule of law, in order to further promote confidence within Haitian society.
19. To express its solidarity with the Haitian people by supporting institutional development in Haiti, together with economic and social development; and to call on the international community to follow through on their commitment to strengthen democracy in Haiti by supporting economic and social programs, in order to alleviate poverty and promote economic development.
20. To instruct the Secretary General to report quarterly on the situation in Haiti to the Permanent Council, which shall, on a regular basis, review the mandates of the OAS Special Mission and take all steps it deems necessary for its optimal functioning.
21. To request the Secretary General to transmit this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.