June 7, 2005


(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2005)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly, in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.4376/05 add. 5);

RECALLING its resolution AG/RES. 2005 (XXXIV-O/04), "Addressing Extreme Poverty, Inequality, and Social Exclusion as a Means of Strengthening Hemispheric Security";

CONSIDERING:

That the "Declaration of Bridgetown: The Multidimensional Approach to Hemispheric Security" [AG/DEC. 27 (XXXII-O/02)] recognized that security threats, concerns, and other challenges in the hemispheric context are of diverse nature and multidimensional scope, and that the traditional concept and approach must be expanded to encompass new and nontraditional threats, which include political, economic, social, health, and environmental aspects;

That in the Declaration on Security in the Americas, adopted at the Special Conference on Security (Mexico City, October 27-28, 2003), the states of the Americas declared that their "new concept of security in the Hemisphere is multidimensional in scope, includes traditional and new threats, concerns, and other challenges to the security of the states of the Hemisphere, incorporates the priorities of each state, contributes to the consolidation of peace, integral development, and social justice, and is based on democratic values, respect for and promotion and defense of human rights, solidarity, cooperation, and respect for national sovereignty";

That in the same Declaration they recognized that "extreme poverty and social exclusion of broad sectors of the population ... also affect stability and democracy" and that "[e]xtreme poverty erodes social cohesion and undermines the security of states";

That, likewise, the states of the Americas undertook to strengthen cooperation mechanisms and actions to address extreme poverty, inequality, and social exclusion on an urgent basis; and they recognized that overcoming those unacceptable conditions is a primary task of the states of the Hemisphere, which requires continued commitment and actions to promote economic and social development, and education, and should be complemented with coordination, cooperation, and solidarity among states, and action by international financial institutions, including innovative financial mechanisms that emerge in the competent forums;

That they also reaffirmed their commitment to combat extreme poverty within their states by adopting and implementing actions in accordance with the Millennium Development Goals, the Monterrey Consensus, and the Declaration of Margarita, inter alia, promoting development through economic cooperation of the Hemisphere and fully utilizing national, regional, and international development agencies;

That cooperation mechanisms for addressing new threats, concerns, and other challenges to security, as in the case of extreme poverty, inequality, and social exclusion, may be different from the mechanisms for addressing traditional threats, as was recognized in the Declaration on Security in the Americas;

That the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CIDI) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) are the specialized inter-American forums that play a guiding role in hemispheric efforts to address poverty, inequality, and social exclusion in the region;

That, in the Declaration of Santiago, adopted at the Fifth Conference of Ministers of Defense of the Americas (Santiago, Chile, November 18-22, 2002), the Ministers of Defense declared that, considering the relationship between economic growth and security, a greater commitment from the countries in the Hemisphere is required to create opportunities and eliminate structural barriers to economic and social development; that therefore the adoption of effective policies, such as the promotion of fair and equitable trade with a view to reducing poverty, shall significantly contribute to greater democratic stability and security in the Hemisphere; and that, at the same time, security in itself is an indispensable component for economic and social development; and

That, in the Declaration of Quito, adopted at the Sixth Conference of Ministers of Defense of the Americas (Quito, Ecuador, November 16-21, 2004), the Ministers of Defense declared that extreme poverty and social exclusion of broad sectors of the population are affecting stability and democracy, eroding social cohesiveness, and undermining the security of the states, and that security is indispensable to create economic and social opportunities for all and to generate a favorable environment to attract, retain, and productively use the investment and trade that are necessary to create sources of employment and fulfill the Hemisphere's social aspirations,

RESOLVES:

1. To urge member states to implement, by means of concrete actions at the domestic, subregional, hemispheric, and global levels, the commitments they made in the Declaration on Security in the Americas with regard to the fight against extreme poverty, inequality, and social exclusion.

2. To instruct the Permanent Council to hold, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security and in coordination with the Permanent Executive Committee of the Inter-American Council for Integral Development (CEPCIDI), in the third quarter of 2006, a seminar, with the participation of government experts, international organizations, and representatives of civil society, for the purpose of considering, from a strategic point of view, how extreme poverty erodes social cohesion and undermines the security of states.

3. To direct that the seminar mentioned in operative paragraph 2 above be carried out within the resources allocated in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources; and to request the General Secretariat to provide the necessary administrative support and technical secretariat services to that end.

4. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-sixth regular session on the implementation of this resolution by the pertinent organs, agencies, and entities of the inter-American system.