June 7, 2005


(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2005)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

Having seen the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly, in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.4376/05 add. 5);

HAVING SEEN the resolution of the Permanent Council entitled "Adoption of the Methodology and Formation and Convocation of the CIFTA-CICAD Group of Experts to Prepare Model Legislation on the Areas Covered by the CIFTA" [(CP/RES. 884 (1484/05)], adopted pursuant to operative paragraphs 4 and 5 of resolution AG/RES. 1999 (XXXIV-O/04);

REITERATING the urgent need for all member states to take the appropriate measures and to cooperate with one another to prevent, combat, and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, because of the harmful effects of these activities on the security of each state and the region as a whole, since they jeopardize the well-being of peoples, their social and economic development, and their right to live in peace;

UNDERSCORING the importance of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA) for promoting and facilitating cooperation and the sharing of information and experiences among the states party with a view to preventing, combating, and eradicating the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials;

RECOGNIZING the importance of the decisions adopted by the First Conference of the States Party to the CIFTA, held in Bogot�, Colombia, on March 8 and 9, 2004, and in particular the commitments and measures agreed to in the Declaration of Bogot� on the Functioning and Application of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (Declaration of Bogot�);

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT that, in the Declaration of Nuevo Le�n, adopted on January 13, 2004, the democratically elected Heads of State and Government of the Americas, gathered for the Special Summit of the Americas in Monterrey, Mexico, expressed their commitment to fight all forms of transnational crime, including illicit arms trafficking;

CONSIDERING that the states of the Hemisphere recognized, in the Declaration on Security in the Americas, adopted on October 28, 2003, in Mexico City, that the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials are a threat to hemispheric security and, when used by terrorists and criminals, undermine the rule of law, breed violence and, in some cases, impunity, exacerbate conflicts, and represent a serious threat to human security;

CONSIDERING ALSO that, in the Declaration on Security in the Americas, the states of the Hemisphere agreed to combat the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials by, among other actions, destroying excess stocks of firearms designated by each state, securing and managing national stockpiles, and regulating firearms brokering, including sanctions for illicit arms brokering so as to prevent their diversion through illicit channels and their proliferation; and that they also decided to strengthen bilateral and multilateral cooperation and, in particular, coordination and cooperation among the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, the Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE), and the United Nations;

BEARING IN MIND the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat, and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects and the hemispheric contribution to its implementation, and the importance of taking concrete measures in the Hemisphere toward implementation of the national, regional, and global components of that Programme of Action;

RECALLING resolutions AG/RES. 1 (XXIV-E/97); AG/RES. 1621 (XXIX-O/99), AG/RES. 1750 (XXX-O/00); AG/RES. 1800 (XXXI-O/01), AG/RES. 1874 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1972 (XXXIII-O/03), and AG/RES. 1999 (XXXIV-O/04), regarding the CIFTA;

CONSIDERING the substantial progress made by the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, especially the decisions adopted at its sixth regular meeting, held on April 14 and 15, 2005;

HAVING SEEN the report of the Secretary General on the status of signatures and ratifications of the CIFTA; and taking note of the fact that this Convention has been signed by 33 member states of the OAS and ratified by 26 of them, which means that four additional states have ratified it in the past 12 months; and

REAFFIRMING the importance of the soonest possible entry into force of the CIFTA in all member states in order to facilitate and guarantee the achievement of its purposes throughout the Hemisphere,

RESOLVES:

1. To urge all member states that have not already done so to give prompt consideration to ratifying or acceding to, as appropriate, the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), and to adopting the necessary measures for its effective implementation.

2. To endorse Permanent Council resolution CP/RES. 884 (1484/05), "Adoption of the Methodology and Formation and Convocation of the CIFTA-CICAD Group of Experts to Prepare Model Legislation on the Areas Covered by the CIFTA."

3. To note with satisfaction the 2005-2006 Work Program of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, approved by said Committee at its sixth regular meeting; and to congratulate it on adopting methodologies to facilitate the preparation and presentation of the reports of the states party and to help formulate a recommendation as to how the Consultative Committee can strengthen monitoring of implementation of the Convention, and on its decisions to draw up a Subdirectory of Operational Points of Contact for tracing firearms and establishing a secure network for the exchange of confidential information among those operational points of contact.

4. To reaffirm its support for the holding of the first meeting of national authorities directly responsible for granting the authorizations or licenses for the import, export, or transit of firearms, to be held, within the framework of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, on October 6 and 7, 2005, at OAS headquarters, in Washington, D.C.

5. To invite the states party to the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA) to take an active part in the Second Meeting of Central Authorities and Other Experts on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters and Extradition within the framework of REMJA, to be held shortly in the city of Brasilia, Brazil, and in that framework to agree on the procedures required for fulfillment of the commitments referred to in paragraphs 9 and 10 of the Declaration of Bogot�.

6. To support the initiative by the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA to participate, through its Secretariat pro tempore, in the Second Biannual Meeting to Consider the Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, to be held from July 11 to 15, 2005, at United Nations headquarters in New York.

7. To invite the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA to continue reporting periodically to the Committee on Hemisphere Security of the Permanent Council on progress in the fulfillment of the Declaration of Bogot�, so that said Committee may take such information into account when preparing coordinated strategies and integrated action plans in connection with the new threats, concerns, and other challenges to hemispheric security.

8. To request states and international and regional organizations interested in the subject to consider the possibility of providing assistance, including technical and financial assistance, to support the implementation of measures to prevent, combat, and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials.

9. To direct that the meetings of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, including those held for the purposes envisaged in operative paragraphs 2 and 4 of this resolution, be held within the resources allocated in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources; and to request the General Secretariat to provide the necessary administrative and technical secretariat support for these purposes.

10. To invite the states party to the CIFTA and the international community to make voluntary contributions to the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA in order to support the activities established in that Committee's Work Program pursuant to the Declaration of Bogot�.

11. To request the Secretary General to present a report to the General Assembly at its thirty-sixth regular session on the status of signatures and ratifications of the Convention.

12. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-sixth regular session on the implementation of this resolution.