More information about Uzbekistan is available on the Uzbekistan Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Uzbekistan in 1992 following its independence from the Soviet Union. Since then, the United States has supported Uzbekistan's sovereignty and independence and encouraged its development as a prosperous, tolerant, democratic society and internationally responsible state at peace with its neighbors and the world.
The United States and Uzbekistan cooperate on issues of mutual concern including security, economic relations, and political and civil society issues. Uzbekistan is important to U.S. interests in ensuring stability and security in the region, and the U.S. has provided security assistance to the country. Regional threats include illegal narcotics, trafficking in persons, terrorism, and extremism. Uzbekistan is a key partner supporting international efforts in Afghanistan, primarily through provision of electricity, development of rail infrastructure connecting Afghanistan and Uzbekistan, and support to the Northern Distribution Network logistics system serving North Atlantic Treaty Organization troops in Afghanistan.
U.S. Assistance to Uzbekistan
U.S. assistance goals are to improve livelihoods of citizens through support for the agricultural sector, address the threats of infectious disease and transnational crime, increase citizen input into government decision-making, and aid the government’s efforts to ensure respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. A fact sheet on U.S. assistance to Uzbekistan can be found here.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Uzbekistan's economy is based primarily on agriculture, in particular cotton, and natural resource extraction. The country is a major producer of energy and minerals. Uranium is one of Uzbekistan's largest exports to the United States. Manufacturing has grown in recent years and now accounts for approximately one quarter of GDP. Uzbekistan has signed a trade and investment framework agreement with the United States and other Central Asian countries establishing a regional forum to discuss ways to improve investment climates and expand trade within Central Asia. Uzbekistan has taken some steps toward accession to the World Trade Organization.
Uzbekistan's Membership in International Organizations
Uzbekistan and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. Uzbekistan is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's Partnership for Peace and an observer to the World Trade Organization.
Uzbekistan maintains an embassy in the United States at 1746 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20036; tel.: (202) 887-5300.
More information about Uzbekistan is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:
Department of State Uzbekistan Country Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Uzbekistan Page
U.S. Embassy: Uzbekistan
History of U.S. Relations With Uzbekistan
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information