Fact Sheet
Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
Washington, DC
October 2, 2013


PRM is leading the U.S. delegation to the 2013 United Nations’ High Level Dialogue on Migration and Development (HLD) October 3-4 in New York. The HLD provides a unique opportunity to take stock of the progress in the global discussions about international migration issues worldwide and to outline new priority issues.

The HLD will mark the second high-level UN event devoted to international migration and its links to development. It will review developments since the first HLD in 2006 and will likely address potential changes to the current scheme for international migration. The most significant outcome of the 2006 HLD was the creation of the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) – a voluntary, non-binding forum open to all United Nations member states but remaining outside of the UN.

Promoting Positive Outcomes on Migration and Development: U.S. Positions for the High Level Dialogue outlines the positions that the United States will seek to advance at the HLD. The U.S. statement focuses on three major aspects of international migration policy: Migrants in Crisis, Trafficking in Persons, and focusing migration and development discussions on topics with broad support, such as reducing remittance costs.

In addition to PRM, the U.S. delegation includes the State Department’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TIP), the U.S. Agency for International Development, the Department of Labor, and the Department of Homeland Security.

The United States and Mexico are co-chairing the High Level Dialogue roundtable focusing on “Measures to ensure respect for and protection of the human rights of all migrants, with particular reference to women and children, as well as to prevent and combat smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons, and to ensure orderly, regular and safe migration.”

In addition to leading global efforts to combat human trafficking, the U.S. Government has taken numerous steps to address modern-day slavery within its own borders. Please follow the links below for more information.

U.S. Government Efforts to Combat Trafficking in Persons

U.S. Department of State

  • Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons: http://www.state.gov/j/tip/index.htm.
  • The Department of State's 2013 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report: http://www.state.gov/j/tip/rls/tiprpt/2013/index.htm. The Trafficking in Persons Report is the U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. It represents an updated, global look at the nature and scope of trafficking in persons and the broad range of government actions to confront and eliminate it. The U.S. Government uses the TIP Report to engage foreign governments in dialogues to advance anti-trafficking reforms and to combat trafficking and to target resources on prevention, protection and prosecution programs. Worldwide, the report is used by international organizations, foreign governments, and nongovernmental organizations alike as a tool to examine where resources are most needed. Freeing victims, preventing trafficking, and bringing traffickers to justice are the ultimate goals of the report and of the U.S Government's anti-human trafficking policy. This Congressionally mandated report uses the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) Minimum Standards for the Elimination of Trafficking – a baseline of government anti-trafficking efforts. The Standards in the TVPA are largely consistent with the framework for addressing trafficking set forth in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, Supplementing UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime.

U.S. Agency for International Development

United States Agency for International Development webpage on Human Trafficking: http://www.usaid.gov/trafficking

U.S. Department of Homeland Security

For information on the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) anti-trafficking efforts including the Blue Campaign, visit www.dhs.gov/blue-campaign.

  1. To learn the signs of human trafficking and learn what you can do to help, visit: http://www.dhs.gov/human-trafficking-awareness-training.
  2. To learn about Continued Presence, T and U visas, visit http://www.dhs.gov/blue-campaign/victim-centered-approach.
  3. To access the U visa law enforcement certification resource guide, visit http://www.dhs.gov/u-visa-law-enforcement-certification-resource-guide.
  4. To receive Blue Campaign updates, “Like” us on Facebook: www.facebook.com/bluecampaign

U.S. Department of Labor

The Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking (OCFT) is part of the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB). The office was created in 1993 in response to a request from Congress to investigate and report on child labor around the world. As domestic and international concern about child labor grew, OCFT’s activities significantly expanded. Today, these activities include research on international child labor, forced labor, and human trafficking; funding and overseeing cooperative agreements and contracts to organizations engaged in efforts to eliminate exploitive child labor around the world; and assisting in the development and implementation of U.S. government policy on international child labor, forced labor, and human trafficking issues.

ILAB publishes three reports on international child labor and forced labor that serve as valuable resources for research, advocacy, government action and corporate responsibility. These reports are The Department of Labor's Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor; the List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor; and the List of Products Produced by Forced or Indentured Child Labor. Each of these reports has a distinct mandate, focus and set of implications, but taken collectively, they document the current situation of child labor, forced labor and forced child labor around the world. The Department of Labor's Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor, mandated by the Trade and Development Act of 2000 (TDA report), focuses on the efforts of 143 U.S. trade beneficiary countries and territories to eliminate the worst forms of child labor, including child trafficking, through legislation, enforcement mechanisms, policies and social programs. The report also identifies populations that may be vulnerable to the worst forms of child labor, such as migrant children.

The List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor, mandated by the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 (TVPRA List) includes 134 goods and 73 source countries that the Bureau of International Labor Affairs has reason to believe are produced by child labor or forced labor in violation of international standards. The List is intended to raise public awareness about child labor and forced labor around the world, and to promote and inform efforts to address them. A starting point for action, the List creates opportunities for ILAB to engage and assist foreign governments. It is also a valuable resource for researchers, advocacy organizations and companies wishing to carry out risk assessments and engage in due diligence on labor rights in their supply chains.

The EO 13126 List is maintained by ILAB along with the Department of Homeland Security and the Department of State. It contains goods and their source countries that these agencies have reason to believe are made by forced or indentured child labor. Pursuant to Executive Order 13126 of 1999, the List has implications for federal procurement activities, but is also intended as a resource for advocacy, research and government action addressing the issue of forced child labor around the world.

In October 2012, DOL/ILAB also released “Reducing Child Labor and Forced Labor: A Toolkit for Responsible Businesses,” a free online resource that provides guidance and shares case studies of effective business practices for reducing child labor and forced labor in global supply chains. ILAB continues to raise awareness about the toolkit among businesses, advocacy groups, and the general public.

In addition, DOL/ILAB funds projects to combat exploitative child labor internationally, including child trafficking. ILAB spends an estimated $5.8 million annually in project funds to combat child trafficking. In December 2012, ILAB funded a regional technical assistance project in Brazil and Peru to combat forced labor. For more information about the Brazil/Peru project, please see: http://www.dol.gov/ilab/projects/americas/RegionalBrazilPeru_ForcedLabor.pdf.

For fact sheets and additional information on ILAB research and technical assistance on child labor, forced labor and human trafficking please see http://www.dol.gov/ilab/reports/child-labor/.

U.S. Department of Justice

  • Annual Report to Congress and Assessment of U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons by the Attorney General of the United States: http://www.justice.gov/ag/annualreports/agreporthumantrafficking2011.pdf . This report contains a great deal of information regarding the anti-human-trafficking law enforcement efforts of the United States government, including statistical information on the numbers of forced-labor and sex-trafficking cases brought and the numbers of defendants indicted and convicted in the federal judicial system for each of the past several years.
  • Anti-Trafficking Task Force Strategy and Operations E-Guide, developed by the Department of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime and the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA): https://www.ovcttac.gov/TaskForceGuide/EGuide/Default.aspx

Key U.S. Anti-Trafficking Legislation