Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
June 1, 2013


United States Department of State
Office of the Coordinator of U.S. Assistance to Europe and Eurasia
Foreign Operations Assistance Fact Sheet, June 2013*

United States’ assistance in the Kyrgyz Republic supports building democratic institutions and strengthening democratic processes, improving rule of law and respect for human rights, reducing inter-ethnic conflict, and increasing support for security sector reform to bolster stability. The United States supports judicial reform, parliamentary development, engagement with civil society, and increasing the capacity of the government to deliver basic services to its citizens. U.S. assistance supports empowering the private sector, community development, and food security, while also continuing to address underlying development challenges in the areas of health and education and support basic humanitarian projects.

Assistance Activities by U.S. Goals

Strengthen democratic processes in the Kyrgyz Republic

Date: 2013 Description: Kyrgyz Republic: FY 2012 Foreign Operations Assistance by Objective*: Peace and Security=13%; Governing Justly and Democratically=24%; Investing in People=19%; Economic Growth=42%; Humanitarian Assistance=2%. - State Dept Image• United States assistance supports civil society participation in national-level decision-making, while also training civil society groups to conduct better policy analysis, improve service delivery to citizens, exert greater government oversight, ease tensions between ethnic groups, and increase dialogue between the North and South of the Kyrgyz Republic The United States provides training and support to human rights groups in the Kyrgyz Republic, and supports increased access to objective news and information, including Uzbek language programming.

• U.S. assistance supports training and technical assistance to reduce public corruption, improve the organization and skills of defense lawyers, and build the professional skills of prosecutors. The United States provides assistance to prosecutors and law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute money laundering, counternarcotics, human trafficking, and terrorist-financing cases. The United States is also helping to develop new legislation that brings the Criminal Procedure Code (CPC) into compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and fully harmonizes the enacted Law on Jury Trials with the CPC.

Foster economic recovery and improve livelihoods

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BY ACCOUNT

FY 2012 ACTUAL

FY 2013 ESTIMATE

FY 2014 REQUEST

TOTAL (in thousand $)

47,399

49,380

51,819

Assistance for Europe, Eurasia and Central Asia

40,800

0

0

Economic Support Fund

0

35,731

38,319

Foreign Military Financing

1,500

855

1,500

Global Health Programs - USAID

3,200

4,282

3,750

International Military Education and Training

649

949

1,000

International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement

0

5,536

6,000

Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining and Related Programs

1,250

2,027

1,250

• The United States is providing technical assistance to the agriculture sector, including farmers, to improve productivity and land usage, increase access to inputs, including credit, irrigation, and technologies, and to develop downstream value-chains. The United States provides technical assistance to expand access to financing and business services. The United States also assists efforts to improve energy sector performance and enable the Kyrgyz Republic's participation in external energy markets, while still ensuring adequate domestic energy supplies.

• In the area of education, the United States is providing technical assistance to the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic to improve literacy skills among early primary-school students, including efforts to improve teaching methodologies and instructional systems; improve access to reading materials; increase government, school and community support for reading; and help develop the policies and resources needed to improve student reading levels. In higher education, the United States is providing technical assistance to improve the quality and effectiveness of, and access to, higher education, particularly through support to the American University in Central Asia.

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FY 2000-2010 Foreign Operations Assistance (in millions)
Date: 2013 Description: FY 2000-2010 Foreign Operations Assistance (in millions). - State Dept Image

• The United States is providing funding to the Global Health Initiative’s (GHI) Central Asia Regional programs, which support the government's national HIV/AIDS strategy, as well as the Central Asia Regional PEPFAR program, which similarly reinforces the government’s efforts to strengthen HIV/AIDS prevention services and care and treatment programs. Specifically, U.S. infectious disease funding will assist the Kyrgyz Republic to continue to improve systems for the identification, diagnosis and management of tuberculosis (TB) and multiple-drug resistant TB, to strengthen infection control systems within health facilities, and to expand prevention programs and outreach to vulnerable groups.

Strengthen governance and confidence in key government institutions

• The United States is providing assistance to the new parliament to develop more effective legislative processes, improve government oversight, and increase its outreach to civil society. The United States is supporting judicial reform to increase the independence, effectiveness, and integrity of the judiciary, and decrease corruption, by improving the judicial personnel system and internal judicial management. The United States is also providing technical assistance to the government to further improve the country’s electoral system, with an emphasis on addressing the shortcomings identified during the 2011 presidential election.

Improve the capacity of and restore confidence in security forces

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BY OBJECTIVE

FY 2012 ACTUAL

FY 2013 ESTIMATE

FY 2014 REQUEST

TOTAL (in thousand $)

47,399

49,380

51,819

Peace and Security

5,877

8,314

9,000

Governing Justly and Democratically

11,334

14,566

15,400

Investing in People

9,111

8,418

7,250

Economic Growth

20,079

16,882

19,169

Humanitarian Assistance

998

1,200

1,000

• The United States is providing equipment and training to enhance the ability of Kyrgyz security forces to improve border security and address transnational threats, and to improve the operational and tactical capabilities of Kyrgyz security services to detect and deter terrorist threats. In addition, the United States is providing integrated enforcement training within the Kyrgyz customs training academy.

• The United States is providing technical assistance to assist the government's efforts to reform the country’s security structure, including efforts to reduce corruption, sharpen investigation skills, enhance forensic capabilities, and improve hiring and promotion practices of Kyrgyz law enforcement agencies. In addition, the United States is also providing technical assistance to government entities and support to non-governmental groups to combat human trafficking.

FOR MORE INFORMATION:

Coordinator's Office Annual Reports
U.S. Embassy Website
www.foreignassistance.gov
Millennium Challenge Corporation

*This fact sheet does not reflect Peace Corps funding or centrally managed or regional Foreign Operations funding that is not specifically budgeted for the Kyrgyz Republic.