Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

Afghanistan

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

Core *

400,000

-

400,000

OCO

-

324,000

200,000

TOTAL

400,000

324,000

600,000

* The Afghanistan core programs are described in the core chapter beginning on page 151.

Program Overview

The ability of Afghan forces to credibly assume various security roles and control restive provinces as international troops draw down will be critical to the success of transition and the long term stability of Afghanistan. FY 2013 INCLE OCO funds will continue implementing stabilization and security programs as the fiscal year straddles the period of transition for the U.S. mission in Afghanistan to one of host nation security lead. With military forces drawing down, the Department of State will help Afghans take the lead in the areas of justice, corrections, and counternarcotics.

Program Goals and Objectives

The FY 2013 request for counternarcotics programs supports the U.S. Counternarcotics Strategy for Afghanistan, U.S. government counterinsurgency goals, and the key priorities of Afghanistan’s National Drug Control Strategy, including targeting the nexus between narco-traffickers and the insurgency and building the capacity of the GIRoA’s counternarcotics institutions.

INL’s Administration of Justice program supports Afghanistan’s National Justice Sector Strategy and the U.S. Government’s strategic goals for justice and corrections system reform in Afghanistan. The program also supports the Afghanistan and Pakistan Regional Stabilization Strategy’s key initiatives to Strengthen Afghan Governance and Enhance Afghan Rule of Law.

Objective 1: Disrupt and dismantle the narcotics-insurgent-corruption nexus targets. Enhance the capacity and sustainability of specialized investigative and interdiction units of the Counter Narcotics Police of Afghanistan (CNPA) to collect intelligence, target drug traffickers and corrupt actors, and disrupt processing operations and trafficking networks.

Objective 2: Combat corruption and expand access to justice. Tackle the pervasive culture of impunity and improve and expand access to the state justice sector by increasing gender justice capacity and reducing corruption in the sector’s institutions. Also, help build public awareness and demand for rule of law and individual legal rights.

Objective 3: Develop a corrections system that meets international standards. Help build a safe, secure, and humane Afghan corrections system that meets international standards and Afghan cultural requirements, including focusing on women and rehabilitation of insurgent inmates.

Objective 4: Develop institutional capacity in the justice sector. Build the leadership capacity of the Afghan government’s justice sector officials, including the Ministry of Justice and the Attorney General’s Office and the capacity of justice institutions to provide efficient and equitable services.

FY 2013 Program

Counternarcotics

Alternative Development

  • Good Performers Initiative (GPI): FY 2013 funding will support the Afghan government’s incentivized supply reduction program, and associated management and administration, including the MCN’s continued efforts to streamline GPI implementation, procurement, and oversight.

Interdiction

  • Drug Enforcement: Funds will provide operations and maintenance support to Counternarcotics Police of Afghanistan (CNPA) facilities and include life support, mentoring, salary supplements and capacity building of the CNPA vetted units and their specialized teams. While all of the efforts under CORE funding are coordinated with INL’s interagency partners, including DEA and DOD, in Kabul and Washington, the OCO portion of the request will be used to fund specific interdiction activities essential to combating the insurgency during this critical transition. These will include more mentors for CNPA as DoD draws down, increased DEA mentored CNPA operations in forward locations, and additional short term support for the transitional security environment.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

Justice System Development

  • Justice Sector Capacity Building: Using OCO funding, special attention will be given to areas designated as crucial to the transition in order to sustain governance, security, and criminal justice at efficacious levels. In areas where the Department of State is partnering with the military, such as the Provincial Justice Centers, OCO funding will allow necessary transition of projects from donor to Afghan control. OCO funding will also provide ongoing support for capacity building programs operating in difficult and kinetic areas that have been deemed critical by joint civilian and military planners. Particular support will be given to particularly those areas in-line for transition, or at risk of supporting insurgent supplied-justice. These projects will help protect current U.S. military gains from lapsing back into insurgent control.

  • Justice Center in Parwan: The Justice Center in Parwan (JCIP) is currently a joint DOD – State Department/INL project focused on building the capacity of the Afghan Government to transition cases from U.S. military Law of Armed Conflict custody into the Afghan criminal justice system. FY 2013 funding will provide mentoring for investigators, prosecutors, defense attorneys and judges working on national security cases as well as operations and maintenance costs for the JCIP.

  • Legal Education: FY 2013 funding will help the Afghan government develop internal legal education capacity, including infrastructure, in critical provincial areas that would allow INL to decrease and eventually end its current training program. Funding will also help train Afghan law professors to increase the abilities of legal practitioners, and develop a regional model in partnership with Afghan law schools, and in support of the Provincial Justice Centers in kinetic areas.

  • Access to Justice: Access to Justice request is classified as OCO given the program’s role in promoting citizen ability to demand individual and legal rights as a balance against large security and law enforcement sector expenditures, and will be particularly useful in funding defense lawyers to represent defendants being transitioned from military detention to the civilian justice system.

  • Provincial Justice Centers: FY 2013 funding will support Embassy-designated population centers as “Provincial Justice Centers” where the donor community, particularly the military, has been working with the Afghan government to develop Afghan-driven plans to improve functionality. INL funding will support provincial justice councils, Afghan government planning, interaction with citizenry, and training and capacity building in 5 major regional centers.

Corrections System Development

  • Corrections Training and Capacity Building: FY2013 OCO funds will support INL’s ongoing mission in partnering with the Afghan Government to support programs designed to build the organizational capacity to safely, securely, and humanely incarcerate national security threat inmates, including supporting the Afghan Government’s efforts to provide vocational and educational training and combat the insurgency within the prison system. Funds would provide support in those areas deemed critical for transition, including where INL and the U.S. military are closely partnering.

  • Infrastructure Renovations: These funds will enable necessary renovations and security enhancements in provincial prisons and district detention facilities that are most at risk from the insurgency.

Major Crimes and Anti-Corruption

  • Counternarcotics Justice Center: FY 2013 funds would support the Counternarcotics Justice Center (CNJC) and Department of Justice mentors for counternarcotics investigators, prosecutors, and judges in promoting stabilization through prosecution of drug traffickers, given the clear relationship between the poppy trade and insecurity. Funds would allow linkages to be built between the Kabul-based CNJC and the Provincial Justice Centers—promoting security in those regions.

  • Anti-Corruption and Major Crimes Task Force: Funding will support the Anti-Corruption Tribunal, Anti-Corruption Unit, the Major Crimes Task Force, and other Afghan government and civil society organizations in stabilizing citizen and government interaction, particularly on the provincial level where trust in government is a key precursor to successful transition.

  • Judicial Security: FY 2013 funds will support the Afghan Marshal Service, providing training and mentoring, and establishing limited regional programs to protect judges and prosecutors in the more kinetic provinces.

Aviation

  • Aviation Support Program: The cost of the aviation services required by INL’s Afghanistan programs will be funded by INL through the Department’s Aviation Working Capital Fund. For FY 2013, INL’s aviation assets will provide critical security, overhead support and secure transport to and from regional aviation hubs for Mission Kabul personnel to provincial and district destinations that will be lacking safe and reliable access over-land. Additionally, as the military drawdown continues, mission support for DEA-mentored CNPA operations will require increased tactical support by INL aircraft. FY 2013 funds will also support an increased level of travel by Afghan government officials and employees, as well as local and international, non-governmental officials and staff and INL program and contract monitoring staff.
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Afghanistan

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

FY 2013

Core Actual

OCO Estimate

Core Request

OCO Request

1.4 Counternarcotics

Counternarcotics Support

Supply Reduction (1)

1,000

1,000

4,000

0

Sustainable Alternative Development

40,000

13,000

14,000

15,000

Aviation Support (2)

45,000

20,100

22,500

4,500

Drug Enforcement - Interdiction

45,000

46,000

50,000

20,000

Demand Reduction & Public Information

17,000

14,000

16,000

0

Ministry of Counter Narcotics Capacity Building

10,000

2,000

5,000

0

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

7,500

10,532

6,178

3,203

1.4 Subtotal

165,500

106,632

117,678

42,703

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

Administration of Justice

Justice System Development

93,000

65,000

116,000

65,000

Corrections System Development

76,000

67,000

90,000

40,000

Counter-Narcotics Justice & Anti-Corruption

10,000

17,000

9,000

30,000

Aviation Support (2)

45,000

46,900

52,500

10,500

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

10,500

21,468

14,822

11,797

2.1 Subtotal

234,500

217,368

282,322

157,297

Total

400,000

324,000

400,000

200,000

(1) In FY 2012 and FY 2013 Supply Reduction encompassed only Governor-Led Eradication.

(2) Aviation Support provides aviation services to all INL programs in Afghanistan including Counternarcotics, Administration of Justice, including both Justice and Corrections, and Civilian Law Enforcement (Police). This was included under Supply Reduction in FY 2009 and prior years. In FY 2012 and FY 2013, Aviation Support is attributed between counternarcotics programs (30%) and rule of law programs (70%).

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

U.S. Personnel

8,800

16,000

11,000

7,000

Non-U.S. Personnel

3,200

4,000

3,000

2,500

ICASS Costs

4,500

9,000

5,000

4,000

Program Support

1,500

3,000

2,000

1,500

Total

18,000

32,000

21,000

15,000

Iraq

The Iraq FY 2013 INCLE request in the FY 2013 Congressional Budget Justification was $850M. The Department is in the process of refining the FY 2013 budget requirements and will provide further information regarding these requirements.

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