Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

Bolivia

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

15,000

7,500

5,000

Program Overview

Bolivia is the world's third largest producer of cocaine and a major transit country for Peruvian-origin cocaine. In recent years, eradication results have improved. However, the Government of Bolivia’s (GOB) policies and actions, including the expulsion of the DEA in January 2009, have failed to counter an increase in drug trafficking and the presence of foreign drug traffickers. Still, GOB officials that recognize the growing threat posed by drug traffickers and Bolivia’s pivotal role in the illicit drug industry request continued U.S. engagement. The U.S. remains committed to working with the GOB to improve counternarcotics and justice sector results. INL will continue the rapid transition of counternarcotics costs associated with interdiction to the GOB, as part of a regional nationalization strategy. Program Support Funds will be used to transition offices and personnel as the program shifts focus towards nationalization. Assistance will also help build the capacity of Bolivian law enforcement and criminal justice system actors to combat the corrosive effects of transnational crime.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Bolivia program supports the host government’s efforts to combat transnational crime. The program also supports the embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan goals of focusing the GOB on disrupting crime, drug trafficking, and orienting security forces to operate in accordance with constitutional rule of law and international norms, as well as INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals related to Counternarcotics, Transnational Crime, and Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform.

Objective 1: Enhance the capabilities of law enforcement to conduct criminal and financial investigations that will result in arrests and prosecutions of trafficking organizations.

Objective 2: Increase institutional capability to identify, prevent, and prosecute cases of transnational crime, including trafficking in persons.

Objective 3: Build institutional capability to interdict and eradicate narcotics and precursors produced within or transiting through Bolivia.

FY 2013 Program

Counternarcotics

  • Interdiction: Funds will provide logistical support to the GOB and assist the transition of interdiction costs to the GOB. Funds will assist the counternarcotics prosecutors and Garras del Valor canine training school with administrative and logistical support such as travel and per diem costs. The program will also provide support for operating costs (INFRA).

  • Eradication: Funds will support two technical NAS participants to a UNODC sponsored trilateral (Bolivia and Brazil) eradication measuring, monitoring and verification project.

  • Law Enforcement Capacity Building: Funds will support efforts to build law enforcement capacity though training and development, including investigative skills, forensic sciences, human rights, and trafficking-in-persons. Funds will provide for infrastructure and logistical costs, such as travel, supplies, and basic equipment, as well as costs for support staff, trafficking-in-persons unit incentives, and victims’ assistance.

  • Demand Reduction: Funds will advance demand reduction, prevention, and treatment efforts through technical assistance, logistical support, equipment and workshop materials, and other assistance.
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Bolivia

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.4 Counternarcotics

Interdiction

Program Support

2,450

1,075

800

Operational/Logistics Support

1,800

700

300

Aviation Support

900

-

-

Eradication

Program Support

2,850

-

180

Operational/Logistics Support

900

-

-

Aviation Support

900

-

-

Law Enforcement Capacity Building

1,000

888

1,500

Demand Reduction

-

-

420

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

4,200

4,837

1,800

1.4 Subtotal

15,000

7,500

5,000

Total

15,000

7,500

5,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail*

U.S. Personnel

478

737

450

Non-U.S. Personnel

2,213

1,611

200

ICASS Costs

1,277

1,977

1,037

Program Support

232

512

113

Total

4,200

4,837

1,800

Brazil

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

1,000

3,000

2,000

Program Overview

Brazil is a major transit country for cocaine and other illicit drugs destined for Europe, and to a lesser extent, the United States. Despite excellent cooperation with its neighbors, Brazil’s expansive territory and uncontrolled borders make effective narcotics enforcement very difficult. Increasing amounts of drugs, particularly from Bolivia, are being diverted to Brazilian urban centers, and Brazil has become the second-largest consumer of cocaine in the world after the United States. Brazil has a large and sophisticated financial sector and is increasingly becoming a regional center for money laundering and other financial crimes. Brazil’s domestic drug trade is primarily controlled by powerful, heavily-armed and well-organized urban gangs that use part of their illicit profits to procure weapons and sophisticated communications devices that give them an increased advantage over already outnumbered and ill-equipped municipal and state police. These gangs have growing ties to known international traffickers and are involved in other international criminal activities, which could have a direct impact on the security of the United States. By assisting Brazil in improving its law enforcement capabilities, the U.S. government will help reduce the flow of illegal drugs, disrupt the activities of known international narcotics traffickers, and deny criminals their illicit profits.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Brazil program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priority of working to ensure that Brazil’s law enforcement and justice system are integrated, synchronized, and effective in disrupting national and transnational crime, and supports INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Transnational Crime and Counternarcotics.

Objective 1: Enhance Brazil’s capability to dismantle and/or disrupt major drug trafficking organizations that operate in and/or through Brazil and have criminal ties to the United States.

Objective 2: Enhance Brazil’s ability to participate in bilateral and multilateral investigations against drug trafficking organizations.

Objective 3: Enhance Brazil’s law enforcement capability to improve its port and airport security.

FY 2013 Program

Counternarcotics

  • Funds will enhance the Government of Brazil’s (GOB) law enforcement efforts.
  • Funds will provide continued training and equipment for the GOB’s intelligence-based interdiction efforts at seaports, international airports, and at strategic major transit points.
  • Funding will also provide “major events” training and support to Brazil in preparation for the World Cup and Olympics, further Brazil’s demand reduction initiatives, and support prison reform for the second-largest prison system in the Western Hemisphere.
  • The Program Development and Support (PD&S) budget includes a Narcotics Affairs Section (NAS) director, as well as the associated locally-engaged staff, ICASS, and administrative support costs. The NAS has been actively engaged in implementing prior-year funded programs. As these programs continue to be implemented, we anticipate PD&S levels to decrease in the future.

Transnational Crime

  • Funds will support projects to combat money laundering and other financial crimes.

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Brazil

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.4 Counternarcotics

Special Investigation Units

-

200

120

Canine

-

300

185

Urban Crime Program

80

1,200

500

Demand Reduction

-

280

50

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

920

920

1,060

1.4 Subtotal

1,000

2,900

1,915

1.5 Transnational Crime

Anti-Money Laundering

-

100

85

1.5 Subtotal

-

100

85

Total

1,000

3,000

2,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

U.S. Personnel

130

130

130

Non-U.S. Personnel

300

300

350

ICASS Costs

378

420

510

Program Support

112

70

70

Total

920

920

1,060

Colombia

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

204,000

160,600

142,000

Program Overview

After achieving notable results in improving security, disrupting the drug trade and expanding a government presence throughout the country, Colombia is now working to consolidate this progress and share its expertise with others in the region. The Colombian National Police (CNP) is our closest partner in promoting citizen security throughout the region and elsewhere in the world. Since 2009, the Colombian National Police has trained more than 11,000 police officers from 21 Latin American and African countries, as well as Afghanistan in areas such as criminal investigation skills, rural commando skills, VIP protection, intelligence/counter-intelligence, anti-kidnapping/anti-extortion, and canine programs.

To address the relationship between security, counternarcotics programs and economic development, the GOC launched the National Consolidation Plan (NCP) in 2009 that focused on selected priority geographic areas where violence, drug trafficking, social marginalization, and inadequate government presence converge. The PNC centers on increasing state capacity to provide security for communities; achieving lasting eradication; transferring security responsibilities from the national military to the police; and providing a wide range of social and economic services.

The United States supports the PNC through the Colombia Strategic Development Initiative (CSDI). U.S.-supported eradication and interdiction programs are being better coordinated with alternative development and applied in a more strategic manner to encourage more permanent results. U.S. programs also enhance the CNP’s capability to maintain a security presence in former conflict and drug trafficking regions, while also expanding access to state institutions and services in these regions.

Program Goals and Objectives

U.S. counternarcotics and rule of law assistance supports the Government of Colombia’s (GOC) broad programs that help keep several hundred metric tons of cocaine and heroin from reaching the United States. The U.S. is increasingly focusing its resources to support Colombia’s National Consolidation Plan, which calls for concentrated efforts to expand state presence and services in targeted geographic areas where poverty, violence, and illicit crop cultivation or narcotics trafficking have historically converged. Our programs address several priority consolidation zones, i.e., areas where insecurity, drug cultivation and trafficking and a lack of alternative development remain impediments to democratic development. Within these priority areas, counternarcotics programs are being closely sequenced with expanding state presence and alternative development to promote more permanent eradication results.

Objective 1: Continue to support Colombia’s increasing capacity to combat the drug trade through counternarcotics programs closely coordinated with alternative development.

Objective 2: Assist the GOC in expanding security and justice in remote and former conflict regions.

Objective 3: Improve the capability of Colombia’s Attorney General’s Office, particularly its Human Rights, Justice and Peace and BACRIM Units.

Objective 4: Enhance cooperation with Colombia to promote regional training and coordination on counternarcotics and citizen safety initiatives.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Attorney General’s Office/JSRP

  • Funding will support training, including with the U.S. Marshals Service, for Colombian agencies that provide protection at Colombia’s courts and protect witnesses, prosecutors and judges. Assistance will also be provided for training investigators and prosecutors within the Prosecutor General’s BACRIM unit.

Reestablishing Rural Police

• Expanding the government’s ability to secure former conflict regions is fundamental to achieving more lasting eradication and promoting human rights and citizen security. Funding will support increases in the number of trained and equipped rural police and provide weapons, ammunition and transportation.

Individual Deserter Program

  • U.S. assistance will provide continuity and subject matter expertise to bolster the Colombian Ministry of Defense’s demobilization program. A team of U.S.-supported advisors will offer tailored demobilization and prevention of illegal recruitment strategies, as well as advanced database management tools.

Strategic Initiative – Rule of Law

  • Colombia’s police and judicial system are confronting multiple security challenges, both in urban and rural settings, which go beyond traditional counternarcotics and rule of law programs. In concert with Colombia’s comprehensive strategy to combat the emergent “bandas criminales” (BACRIM), this program will enhance capacity in both Colombia’s police and justice system to address this disparate threat by supporting some of the new anti-BACRIM units being created in Colombia’s security forces. Assistance will consist of training and specialized equipment, such as communication and intelligence support. Funds will also be used to support Colombia’s National Consolidation Plan, particularly efforts to increase access to justice in consolidation zones.

Counternarcotics

Colombian Military

  • Navy Maritime Interdiction: Further expands the Colombian Coast Guard’s presence throughout the Pacific coast where a majority of the drugs destined for the Unites States depart. The U.S. government will support limited infrastructure and base construction within the Pacific region, purchase equipment and weapons for Coast Guard personnel and support maritime interdiction training. Some funds will also be used to support similar Colombian Navy programs along their Caribbean coast.

Colombian National Police (CNP)

  • CNP Aviation Support: Supports an aviation contract that provides mechanics, a small number of U.S. pilots to oversee Colombian pilots, and aviation parts and training. This enables CNP Aviation to provide important support for a range of counternarcotics activities, including security for aerial eradication, transport for manual eradication personnel, interdiction missions and high-value target operations.

  • CNP Eradication: Aerial eradication is an important tool in consolidation efforts. It allows the Colombian government to eradicate areas that are not safe for manual eradication and can more quickly target large coca growing areas. Funding under this line supports an aviation contract that supplies spray pilots, parts, and logistics for up to 12 AT-802 spray planes and two Cessna 208 imagery gathering aircraft. Sustained aerial and manual eradication operations are credited with the 61 percent decline in cocaine production potential from 2001 to 2010 (700 to 270 metric tons). We are working closely with the Colombian government to nationalize components of this program, including purchasing of the glyphosate used in aerial eradication and building a cadre of Colombian mechanics for the AT-802s.

  • CNP Interdiction: Trains and equips specialized CNP interdiction units. Supports interdiction programs at Colombia’s ports and airports, including purchasing scanning equipment and providing training to the CNP. Enhances security and capacity at rural CNP stations in consolidation areas through security training and infrastructure upgrades.

  • Re-establishing Rural Police: Funding will also provide training, weapons and mine detection equipment to rural police (Carabineros) that provide protection for manual eradicators.

Drug Demand Prevention

  • U.S. support will help strengthen local anti-drug community organizations, as well as expand the CNP’s Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) program.

Transnational Crime

  • Money laundering associated with the drug trade remains a key problem in Colombia. A comprehensive approach to combating the BACRIM and other criminal organizations will require enhanced training for Colombian institutions responsible for anti-money laundering and anti-corruption efforts.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

Attorney General’s Office

  • Assisting the GOC in investigating and prosecuting human rights cases is a U.S. government priority. Increasing the administrative capability of the Colombian Prosecutor General’s Office, along with building capacity within this office’s Human Rights and Justice and Peace units, will be focal points of funding under this account.

Justice Sector Reform Program

  • Provide training and equipment for the expansion of criminal justice operations and activities into consolidation areas by enhancing the work of the Fiscalia’s regional offices and judicial training for government officials in these regions. Support for training in the accusatory system and criminal code will continue.

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Colombia

INL Budget ($000)

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Actual

Estimate

Request

Attorney General's Office

4,500

4,500

4,000

Judicial Reform Program

2,750

1,000

500

Reestablishing Rural Police (Carabineros)

3,500

4,500

4,028

Individual Deserter Program

500

750

500

Strategic Initiative - Rule of Law

-

5,000

5,000

1.3 Subtotal

11,250

15,750

14,028

1.4 Counternarcotics

Support to the Colombia Military

Army Counterdrug Mobile Brigade

500

-

-

Army Aviation Support

20,000

-

-

Air Bridge Denial Program

1,000

-

-

Navy Maritime Interdiction Support

5,000

8,000

8,000

Support to the Colombian National Police

Aviation Support

52,000

51,650

42,500

Support for Eradication

51,250

48,000

40,772

Support for Interdiction

16,000

14,000

14,000

Reestablish Rural Police/Carabineros

1,500

1,500

1,500

Demand Reduction

500

500

500

Critical Flight Safety Program

17,300

-

-

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

6,700

6,700

6,700

1.4 Subtotal

171,750

130,350

113,972

1.5 Transnational Crime

Money Laundering

-

-

500

1.5 Subtotal

-

-

500

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

DOJ Attorney General's Office

11,500

10,500

10,500

DOJ Justice Sector Reform

3,000

4,000

3,000

USAID Human Rights Programs

2,500

-

-

USAID Inspector General

1,000

-

-

USAID Ombudsman

1,000

-

-

USAID UNHCHR

500

-

-

USAID Human Rights Fund

500

-

-

USAID Rule of Law Partnership

1,000

-

-

2.1 Subtotal

21,000

14,500

13,500

Total

204,000

160,600

142,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail Below

U.S. Personnel

1,760

1,900

1,700

Non-U.S. Personnel

3,000

3,000

2,700

ICASS Costs

1,750

1,800

1,745

Program Support

190

-

555

Total

6,700

6,700

6,700

Ecuador

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

4,500

4,500

4,500

Program Overview

Ecuador is a major transit country for illicit drugs trafficked from Colombia and Peru to the United States, as well as a source of chemical precursors diverted for illicit narcotics manufacturing. Transit of illicit drugs is a major concern; therefore, the preponderance of U.S. counternarcotics assistance for Ecuador targets interdiction efforts. Counternarcotics cooperation continues to be one of the strongest pillars of the U.S. bilateral relationship with Ecuador. The U.S. remains committed to helping Ecuador build a sustainable framework to counter the threat of drug trafficking and other transnational crimes.

Program Goals and Objectives

U.S. counternarcotics assistance is provided to improve the institutional capabilities of Ecuador’s police, military, and judicial sectors in support of the host government's efforts to effectively combat narcotics trafficking, money laundering, and other transnational crimes. These program objectives support Embassy Quito's foremost Mission Strategic and Resource Plan Goal for FY 2013 to disrupt narcotics trafficking and other transnational crimes. The objectives and goals also reflect INL's FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform, Counternarcotics, and Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: Strengthen police capabilities to significantly disrupt the movement of illicit drugs transiting through Ecuador, and on to the United States, and dismantle narcotics trafficking organizations operating in Ecuador.

Objective 2: Build law enforcement capabilities to conduct criminal and financial investigations, resulting in arrest and prosecution of narcotics trafficking and transnational criminal organization leadership.

Objective 3: Support and strengthen military mobility, communications, and operational capabilities to effectively disrupt narcotics trafficking along Ecuador's northern border with Colombia.

FY 2013 Program

Counternarcotics

  • Interdiction: Funds will support the Counternarcotics Police Directorate (DNA) port and canine operations; mobile anti-narcotics units including modernization of detection equipment; provision of communications equipment; vehicle acquisition and maintenance; as well as provide a port security advisor from U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Funding will also support improving the prosecution of criminal cases, particularly those related to narcotics trafficking and money laundering, as well as provide assistance for the implementation of the code of criminal procedures. INL support for the military will build capacity to protect national territory against narcotics traffickers in areas of limited police presence, particularly along the northern border with Colombia.

  • Demand Reduction: Funds will provide informational materials and sponsor drug prevention and demand reduction events to increase public awareness of the dangers of drug abuse. Funds will also support drug awareness projects operated by the Government of Ecuador (GOE).

Transnational Crime

  • Money Laundering and Chemical Control: Funds will provide training, equipment, and technical assistance to help the GOE more effectively combat money laundering. Funds will support financial investigative and chemical control police units and also the Financial Intelligence Unit.

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Ecuador

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.4 Counternarcotics

Interdiction

3,050

2,900

3,100

Demand Reduction

50

50

50

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

1,250

1,400

1,300

1.4 Subtotal

4,350

4,350

4,450

1.5 Transnational Crime

Money Laundering

150

150

50

1.5 Subtotal

150

150

50

Total

4,500

4,500

4,500

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

U.S. Personnel

372

434

280

Non-U.S. Personnel

138

180

180

ICASS Costs

592

663

640

Program Support

148

123

200

Total

1,250

1,400

1,300

Guatemala

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

3,992

5,000

2,000

Background and Context

The funding request for Guatemala will assist the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG). CICIG will continue to support, strengthen and assist institutions in Guatemala responsible for investigating and prosecuting crimes allegedly committed in connection with the activities of illegal security forces and clandestine security organizations and any other criminal conduct related to these entities operating in the country, as well as identifying their structures, activities, modes of operation and sources of financing and promoting the dismantling of these organizations and the prosecution of individuals involved in their activities.

Haiti

Budget Summary ($000)

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Guatemala

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

Actual

Estimate

Request

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

CICIG

3,992

5,000

2,000

2.1 SubTotal

3,992

5,000

2,000

Total

3,992

5,000

2,000

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

19,420

19,420

17,500

Program Overview

Achieving a secure and stable Haiti is a priority of the Obama Administration and this request supports the U.S. Government’s post-earthquake Haiti Strategy. Sustaining the political stability achieved in Haiti since 2004 and ensuring the law enforcement sector is more capable than it was before the 2010 earthquake is critical to effectively realize the goals put forth in the strategy.

The Haitian National Police (HNP) is the country’s sole security force, encompassing the correctional institutions, the Coast Guard, counternarcotics, and a sexual and gender-based violence unit. The centerpiece of the INL program in Haiti is reform, expansion, and development of the HNP. In the aftermath of the January 2010 earthquake, the FY 2010 emergency supplemental provided funding for operational and physical infrastructure improvements for the HNP. This funding sought to accelerate Haiti’s recovery from the earthquake through the repair and reconstruction of damaged criminal justice facilities and by increasing our support for the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). Additionally, the supplemental supported the expansion of counternarcotics activities throughout the entire country.

These U.S. investments will not reach their full potential without the allocation of additional resources to make them sustainable and to address other challenges to law enforcement and justice sector development in Haiti. For example, vehicle and facility maintenance capacity is needed for the HNP to transition to a self-reliant security institution and to sustain our investment in HNP facilities and equipment. In addition, there are acute HNP development needs in the areas of logistical, organizational, and maintenance capabilities. The HNP does not have a sufficient number of police officers that are trained and able to adequately protect the entire country. Specialized units, including counternarcotics, and the Inspector General, lack the capabilities to fulfill their duties. Additionally, the absence of an effective, integrated Haitian criminal justice system limits HNP investigative effectiveness, exacerbates prison overcrowding due to long-term pre-trial detentions, and increases the likelihood of human rights abuses.

Program Goals and Objectives

The FY 2013 program focuses on police reform and development (crime control assistance), corrections (criminal justice assistance), counternarcotics, and transnational crime (anti-money laundering). These programs will be coordinated with the Government of Haiti (GOH), MINUSTAH, and other donors. The Haiti program supports INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Strengthening the Capacity of International Partners to Disrupt the Drug Trade; Building Criminal Justice and Security Sector Capacity; and Fighting Transnational Crime. INL assistance also supports the post-earthquake U.S. government Haiti Strategy, which was approved in January 2011.

The goal of the FY 2013 request is to build upon past investments in infrastructure and capacity-building to both maintain and further institutional and operational gains within the HNP and the justice sector.

Objective 1: Strengthen the law enforcement capabilities of the GOH to maintain public order, reduce the attractiveness of illegal migration, and limit the ability of criminals to traffic drugs into the United States, which will promote economic development and long-term stability. Ensure that Haitian police are able to respond to reports of crime in a timely manner, conduct effective patrols, direct traffic, communicate with each other in a timely manner, and conduct internal and criminal investigations. Decrease both incidences of crime and of human rights abuses by police.

Objective 2: Improve the public’s confidence in the police as an institution through increased crime reporting and strengthened HNP capabilities.

Objective 3: Assist the Haitian Coast Guard (HCG) to improve its capacity to control its territorial waters and borders.

Objective 4: Increase arrests and prosecutions of trafficking organizations through anti-corruption and anti-money laundering programs.

Objective 5: Support, expand and improve the capacity of the HNP Counternarcotics Unit (BLTS).

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Civilian Police (CIVPOL)

  • FY 2010 Supplemental INCLE funds supported an increase in the number of police and corrections officers the U.S. contributes to MINUSTAH from 55 to 110 to respond to greater needs in the aftermath of the earthquake. FY 2012 funds will return the U.S. contribution to the pre-earthquake level and our FY 2013 will support what we anticipate to be further reductions to the number of police and corrections officers.

  • U.S. officers will continue providing expertise in the areas of academy training, field mentoring, patrols, community policing, investigations, traffic, crime analysis, forensics, police management, supervisory skills, police administration, and other specialized skills.

  • U.S officers will also continue to co-locate with Haitian officers at police stations and engage in joint patrols to continue increasing public confidence in the police.

Police Development and Reform

  • Funds will support the HNP’s efforts to recruit, select and train 1,000 qualified new officers in FY 2013. Funds will also provide support to strengthen operationally significant units within the HNP to build their capacity to respond to emerging threats and the needs of vulnerable populations, and will continue to build upon post-earthquake projects aimed at institutionalizing strong leadership and mid level management skills within the HNP, including support for specialized training to enhance supervisory, management and human rights skills.

  • Funds will support the Inspector General’s office to enhance HNP capacity to perform internal police investigations, exercise effective command and control over the police force, and ensure adherence to policies and procedures.

Counternarcotics

Counterdrug Support

  • In partnership with the U.S. Coast Guard, funding will advance post-earthquake efforts aimed at restoring and upgrading the logistical and maintenance capacity of the HCG. A key initiative will be co-locating other HNP units to increase GOH presence and improve operational results.

  • Funds will provide technical assistance to the BLTS to assist it in further developing the capability to effectively conduct and track operations and investigations. The BLTS currently has some officers vetted by DEA. Funds will be used to provide additional training and equipment to support the deployment of officers of both units throughout the country.

Transnational Crime

Anti-Money Laundering

  • Funds will be used to continue efforts to improve the capacity of the GOH to detect money-laundering and develop a procedure for using seized assets.

  • The UCREF FIU (the Haitian Financial Intelligence Unit) and the financial crimes investigative unit (BAFE) suffered severe losses during the earthquake, including their buildings, forcing them to cease operations. While these units are now operational again, funds will build on FY 2010 supplemental funding projects to reconstitute and build capacity in these agencies by providing follow-on technical assistance and financial investigation mentors to support their anti-money laundering and anti-corruption efforts.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

Criminal Justice Development

  • Funds will provide training, advising, equipment and logistical support to strengthen the capacity of correctional personnel to effectively manage and maintain facilities either upgraded or newly-built with FY 2010 supplemental funds.

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Haiti

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Civilian Police

10,000

8,930

8,500

Police Development and Reform

4,320

4,320

4,500

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.3)

2,000

975

1.3 Subtotal

14,320

15,250

13,975

1.4 Counternarcotics

Counternarcotics Support

2,570

2,570

1,300

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

930

-

60

1.4 Subtotal

3,500

2,570

1,360

1.5 Transnational Crime

Anti-Money Laundering

300

300

300

1.5 Subtotal

300

300

300

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

Criminal Justice Development (Corrections)

1,300

1,300

1,750

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

-

-

115

2.1 Subtotal

1,300

1,300

1,865

Total

19,420

19,420

17,500

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

U.S. Personnel

540

1,445

650

Non-U.S. Personnel

90

90

80

ICASS Costs

275

440

400

Program Support

25

25

20

Total

930

2,000

1,150

Mexico

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Estimate

FY 2012 Request

FY 2013 Request

117,000 *

248,500

199,000

*Note: The FY 2010 supplemental appropriation included $175 million for Mexico considered advance funding for the FY 2011 appropriation.

Program Overview

Due to the high demand for illicit narcotics in our country, the United States has a shared responsibility for combating the crime and violence that so gravely affect citizens throughout the region. Roughly ninety-five percent of all the cocaine consumed in the United States transits through Mexico and Central America. The Mexico INCLE program builds on efforts begun under the Merida Initiative, with a shift away from expensive equipment and towards supporting Mexican government institutional reforms and strengthening rule of law. These programs are designed to complement renewed U.S. efforts at home to reduce drug demand, to stop the flow of weapons and bulk cash generated by illicit drug sales, and to confront gangs and criminal organizations.

The Four Pillars of the Merida Initiative in Mexico are:

Pillar 1: Dismantle organized criminal groups by building Mexican law enforcement capacities in information collection and analysis, training and equipping units, and conducting investigations against organized crime, money laundering, arms trafficking, and other crimes.

Pillar 2: Institutionalize justice-sector reforms to sustain the rule of law and respect for human rights through continued large-scale institution building projects with security and judicial institutions at the federal level and expanded efforts at state and local institutions.

Pillar 3: Create efficient, economically competitive border crossings along Mexico’s northern and southern borders that ensure “secure two-way flows” of travelers and trade; improve enforcement cooperation between ports of entry; and reduce the flow of drugs to the north, and guns and bulk cash to the south.

Pillar 4: Build strong and resilient communities with long-term alternatives to working for organized crime, and that understand and are engaged in Mexico’s legal and judicial reforms.

Program Goals and Objectives

While the FY 2013 Merida request is built around the four pillar strategy outlined above, it reflects two major shifts in programming driven by changing circumstances in Mexico. These shifts are: 1) the ongoing transition away from major equipment purchases and toward more training and capacity building; and 2) an expansion from assistance solely for federal institutions to an increasing emphasis on state and local government.

Following these shifts, Pillars 1 and 3 are reduced from previous levels, as we will have completed significant projects in these areas and the Government of Mexico continues to invest its own resources in equipment and technology according to their own requirements.

Funds will be used in Pillar 2 to provide training, technical expertise, and some equipment to build professional, trustworthy Mexican law enforcement and judicial sector institutions and advance Mexico’s transition to an oral, accusatory justice system. Programs under Pillar 2 would continue to provide valuable support for forensics laboratories and justice sector security, as well as prison reforms and prosecutorial capacity building.

Funds allocated to Pillar 4 will provide assistance to reduce Mexico’s domestic drug demand, promote a culture of lawfulness, and encourage respect for human rights.

FY 2013 Program

The following are significant (but not all) FY 2013 program initiatives under the four pillars:


Pillar I - Disrupt Capacity of Organized Crime to Operate

Plataforma Mexico/C4s Info Management and Tech Systems – To help the states standardize and centralize information gathering, processing, and sharing by improving their command, control, communications and computer (C-4) centers, the key piece of architecture that allows federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies to better share and analyze information.

Security Equipment for Law Enforcement – To enhance training, investigations, operations, and prosecutions with the purchase and deployment of select protection, operational, unit, and training equipment for prosecutors, investigators, and tactical units.

Pillar II - Institutionalize Capacity to Sustain Rule of Law

Evidence Preservation/Chain of Custody – To improve understanding by Mexican justice sector and law enforcement personnel of proper Evidence Preservation and Chain of Custody (EPCC) principles and techniques from the initial crime scene investigation through prosecution and trial.

Forensics Laboratories – To provide technical assistance, equipment, and training to bring Mexico’s state forensics laboratories and personnel into conformity with international standards.

Institution Building/Rule of Law – To provide training, technical assistance, and limited equipment for federal and state judicial systems to implement necessary reforms.

Justice Sector Security – To provide training via six programs, including Judicial and Court Order Enforcement, Witness Protection, Prisoner Operations, Prosecutorial Discretion, Legal Framework Development, and Police, Judicial, and Court Security. Limited infrastructure enhancements and technology equipment may improve security of judicial sector facilities.

Law Enforcement Professionalization/Enhancement – To support expanded training requirements for both new and existing units at the local, state, and national levels. As needed, training may also include the purchase of equipment to develop training programs and academies that build GOM capacity to replicate training, particularly at the state and local level.

Defense Attorneys – To strengthen the capacity of public and private defenders to play their appropriate role in the new criminal justice system.

Prosecutorial Capacity Building – To provide training in accusatory trials, presentation of evidence in trials, and forensics to enhance the ability of prosecutors to obtain proper convictions in state and federal courts.

Pillar III - Create a 21st Century Border Structure

Southern Border Security – To increase support for Mexico’s efforts to establish a secure southern border that permits the free flow of licit goods and people while deterring illicit flows.

Pillar IV - Build Strong and Resilient Communities

Culture of Lawfulness – To support four sectors of society that play key roles in influencing attitudes towards the rule of law: schools, police, mass media, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).

Drug Demand Reduction – To enable broad civil society and government action to increase drug awareness, combat addiction, and elevate the professionalism of drug treatment providers.

Human Rights Training for Police, Prosecutors, and Others – To promote training for law enforcement agents, police, prosecutors, and other officials to implement internationally-accepted standards and Mexican law in human rights.

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Mexico

INL Budget

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.4 Counternarcotics

Counternarcotics Program

15,000

52,000

40,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

15,000

15,000

15,000

1.4 Subtotal

30,000

67,000

55,000

1.5 Transnational Crime

Transnational Crime Program

-

13,000

-

1.5 Subtotal

-

13,000

-

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

Rule of Law and Human Rights Program

87,000

150,500

123,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

-

5,000

-

2.1 Subtotal

87,000

155,500

123,000

2.2 Good Governance

Good Governance Program

-

13,000

21,000

2.2 Subtotal

-

13,000

21,000

Total

117,000

248,500

199,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

U.S. Personnel

3,597

6,400

6,500

Non-U.S. Personnel

7,500

1,200

1,500

ICASS Costs

-

1,400

1,500

Program Support

3,903

11,000

5,500

Total

15,000

20,000

15,000

Paraguay

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

500

500

150


Program Overview

Paraguay is a major drug transit country for Andean-sourced cocaine and a principal money laundering center. The Tri-Border Area (TBA) where Paraguay intersects with Brazil and Argentina is a hub for trafficking in drugs, contraband and pirated goods, arms, and persons. The Lugo administration has expressed strong political will to curb narcotics trafficking and has been a solid partner with the United States. FY 2013 funds will allow for limited support for counternarcotics efforts and rule of law activities to strengthen judicial institutions – judges, prosecutors and police – and address pervasive corruption and impunity.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Paraguay program supports the Embassy’s FY 2013 Mission Strategic and Resource Plan priority of Disrupting Criminal Organizations, and INL’s FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals of Transnational Crime, Counternarcotics, and Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform.

Objective 1: Fortify Paraguay’s institutional and operational capability to combat criminal activity in an effort to deter and disrupt criminal organizations, prevent terrorism, and combat transnational crime, terrorism financing, and narcotics trafficking.

FY 2013 Program

Counternarcotics

  • Interdiction: Funds will provide limited training and technical assistance to the Anti-Narcotics Secretariat (SENAD) and the Paraguayan National Police (PNP) to improve operational capacity to investigate and prosecute major traffickers and money launderers.

The Program Development and Support (PD&S) budget includes locally-engaged staff and ICASS charges associated with the management and oversight of a significant Department of Defense 1207 funds-supported

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Paraguay

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.4 Counternarcotics

Interdiction

170

230

25

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

130

145

125

1.4 Subtotal

300

375

150

1.5 Transnational Crime

Financial Crimes/Money Laundering

200

-

-

1.5 Subtotal

200

-

-

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

Justice System

-

125

-

2.1 Subtotal

-

125

-

Total

500

500

150

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

U.S. Personnel

25

20

-

Non-U.S. Personnel

43

45

45

ICASS Costs

42

60

60

Program Support

20

20

20

Total

130

145

125

Peru

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

31,500

28,950

23,300

Program Overview

Peru is a major cocaine producing country and one of the world’s leading exporters of cocaine. Peru is a key U.S. partner in the region and we are committed to working with the Government of Peru (GOP) to effectively address illicit coca cultivation, narcotics trafficking, and the related transnational criminal challenges that follow, while building institutional capacity.

As part of a planned regional nationalization strategy, INL will nationalize portions of its traditional program, including aviation assets. INL will press for Peruvian authorities to assume maintenance costs for field bases and will turn over some or all of its forward operating bases. This shift in programmatic focus will enable INL to place a greater emphasis on institution building in order to develop greater Peruvian capacity to combat narcotics trafficking and promote the rule of law.

Program Goals and Objectives

The U.S. government supports programs that enhance the capabilities of the Peruvian National Police (PNP) and that of the Anti-Narcotics Directorate (DIRANDRO) to provide security for eradication teams and interdiction in coca cultivation and narcotics trafficking zones. U.S. government counternarcotics assistance also helps the Peruvian government publicize links between drug production and common crime, so that Peruvians understand that their quality of life is degraded by drug trafficking. U.S. Embassy Lima identified keeping drug production and trafficking in check as one of their top priorities in the Mission Strategic and Resource Plan. The Government of Peru’s counternarcotics strategy coincides with U.S. goals, clearly linking interdiction and eradication with alternative development and prevention. The objectives and goals also reflect INL's FY 2013 Bureau Strategic and Resource Plan goals, notably, counternarcotics, transnational crime, and Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform.

Objective 1: Build institutional capability to investigate and prosecute transnational crimes, as well as eradicate illicit crops and interdict drugs and precursors produced within or transiting through Peru.

Objective 2: Assist law enforcement to conduct criminal and financial investigations that will result in arrests and prosecutions of trafficking organizations.

Objective 3: Combat corruption, especially within the Peruvian National Police force.

Objective 4: Improve police capabilities to provide for citizens' safety and contribute to the enhancement of the rule of law.

Objective 5: Improve community awareness of the negative effects of illicit drug use and to support community anti-drug coalitions.

FY 2013 Program

Counternarcotics

  • Eradication: FY 2013 funds will provide operational support for the labor intensive manual eradication program managed under the Coca Monitoring and Reduction Agency (CORAH), including transport, food, salaries, field gear and tools, tents, first aid, and training for the eradicators. Funding will also support technical assistance for the Corps for Assistance to Alternative Development (CADA), the Peruvian agency that monitors and maps coca and poppy cultivation, which provides a means to verify eradication results. Funds will support the work of the Tropical Cultivations Institute (ICT), which conducts alternative crop research, as well as support agricultural extension services that facilitate and hasten coca growers’ transition to production of licit crops. Aviation support for eradication will include operations and maintenance assistance for Peru's aviation police (DIRAVPOL), including airlift for eradication and logistical support. As part of the nationalization strategy, aviation support will be reduced by turning over responsibility for a portion of the aviation program to the Government of Peru. INL will fund pilots, aircrews, and associated personnel for U.S. government-owned fixed-wing aircraft, as well as limited operational support for Peruvian MI-17 helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft in support of coca eradication and related law enforcement activities east of the Andes. U.S. government funded training for pilots and mechanics, maintenance, hangars, warehousing, aircraft rental (as needed), and operational support for DIRAVPOL personnel will also be scaled-back. INL will press for Peruvian authorities to assume maintenance costs for field bases and will turn over some or all of its forward operating bases.

  • Interdiction: Law enforcement funding will provide support to the PNP to enhance law enforcement capabilities and counternarcotics interdiction efforts. Funds will be used for items such as vehicles, communications equipment, and field gear. Funds will also be used for training and field exercises designed to enhance PNP Anti-Narcotics police capabilities, as well as those of other police units. Funding will support PNP education improvements, including curriculum reform, as well as PNP basic police academies and pre-academies, including support for operational effectiveness and infrastructure improvements. Support will also include capacity-building initiatives to address citizens’ safety, such as community policing and model police stations. Funds will support the development of the Ministry of Interior's Executive Office for Drug Control, including addressing management capacity and the handling of seized assets. Port security support funds will continue to improve the GOP’s capacity to examine cargo and passengers through facilities improvements, equipment acquisitions, and training. Peruvian Customs funds will bolster inspection and enforcement operations by Peruvian Customs at principal airports and seaports as well as other smaller installations. Aviation support for interdiction will provide operating and maintenance assistance for interdiction airlift to DIRAVPOL including logistical support for counternarcotics units. The nationalization plan for Peru includes scaling back aviation assistance.

  • Administration of Justice/Prosecution: Funds will provide training and some travel expenses to support GOP prosecutors assigned to oversee drug enforcement operations, including investigation and trial preparation. Funds will support advanced training for prosecutors already in the program and entry-level training for new prosecutors. Funds will support training and technical assistance for prosecutors to learn better case management practices.

  • Demand Reduction: Funding will support the work of NGOs such as the Information and Education Center for the Prevention of Drug Abuse (CEDRO) to reduce drug abuse among youth, research drug abuse trends, focus on educational workshops, and train teachers and health professionals about illicit drug use. Funds will be used to purchase promotional materials and publications used in Community Anti-Drug Coalition (CAC) campaigns, train community-based facilitators in the CAC model, and sponsor public events designed to publicize CAC activities. Funds will implement a modern media campaign to increase drug awareness and deter youth from abusing drugs. In addition, there will be an expansion of school-based drug education programs in the capital and in strategic provinces.

Transnational Crime

  • Money Laundering: Funds will support a series of seminars and training programs for police, prosecutors, and judges in all aspects of detecting, investigating, and prosecuting money laundering crimes, which will be organized by the Organization of American States’ Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission and the United Nations. Funds will continue to support Peru’s Financial Investigative Unit to analyze financial transactions, report on suspicious activities, and assist investigations of financial crimes.

  • Asset Forfeiture: Funds will assist in the implementation of asset seizure and forfeiture laws and strengthen the seized asset management regime through the provision of training, advising, exchange of best practices, and work with U.S. partners.
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Peru

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.4 Counternarcotics

Eradication

Coca and Opium Poppy Eradication and Crop Monitoring

11,500

8,000

6,000

Crop Research and Extension

1,000

750

500

Aviation Support

2,200

3,500

1,800

Interdiction

Law Enforcement Support

6,000

5,450

3,120

Community Policing

-

300

1,300

Peruvian Customs

1,350

1,000

700

Port Security Program

1,350

1,000

1,030

Aviation Support

2,000

2,650

2,000

Administration of Justice/Prosecution

750

1,200

1,200

Demand Reduction

600

600

600

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

4,000

3,750

4,000

1.4 Subtotal

30,750

28,200

22,250

1.5 Transnational Crime

Money Laundering and Financial Crime

750

550

750

Asset Forfeiture

-

200

300

1.5 Subtotal

750

750

1,050

Total

31,500

28,950

23,300

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

U.S. Personnel

840

1,051

840

Non-U.S. Personnel

1,450

1,201

1,450

ICASS Costs

1,052

1,127

1,052

Program Support

658

371

658

Total

4,000

3,750

4,000

Western Hemisphere Regional

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

Central America Regional Security Initiative

71,508

85,000

60,000

Caribbean Basin Security Initiative

37,500 *

30,000

21,000

Total

109,008

115,000

81,000

* Note: Although the CBSI President’s Request in FY 2011 was requested as a separate line item, CBSI was subsumed in FY 2011 and reincorporated in FY 2012 and FY 2013 into the Western Hemisphere Regional line item.

Program Overview

The Western Hemisphere regional request includes INCLE funding for both the Central America Regional Security Initiative and Caribbean Basin Security Initiative. The following provides summary information for both programs. In addition, detailed information on both programs is provided in the following chapters.

  • Central America Regional Security Initiative (CARSI): CARSI funds will support training and build capacity of law enforcement and rule of law institutions throughout Central America. Activities will address border and port security; support for vetted units and maritime and land interdiction; and law enforcement capacity to address transnational crime, including anti-gang training.

  • Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI): Funding will continue efforts to combat illicit trafficking and organized crime, strengthen the rule of law, reduce the demand for illegal drugs, and promote social justice. Funding will support programs to enhance the capacity of criminal justice and regional security institutions, such as the Regional Security System in the Eastern Caribbean, and will support technical assistance in the investigation and prosecution of financial crimes, prison reform, maritime interdiction, and border control efforts.

Central America Regional Security Initiative (CARSI)

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

71,508

85,000

60,000

Program Overview

Approximately 95 percent of Andean cocaine transits Mexico and Central America on its way to the United States. With increasing pressure on drug traffickers in Mexico, Colombia, and in international waters, the region is challenged by declining public security as traffickers increasingly shift to Central American territorial waters and land routes as primary transshipment points. Through the Central American Integration System (SICA) Security Strategy, Central American officials have identified Combating Crime; Prevention of Violence; Rehabilitation, Reinsertion, and Penitentiary Security; and Institutional and Capacity Building. Our partners in Central America have made some progress in their own efforts to fight transnational organized criminal networks, and while much remains to be done, they are demonstrating an unprecedented willingness to work with us and each other to address these issues.

Program Goals and Objectives

President Obama announced the Central America Citizen Security Partnership in March 2011 during his trip to El Salvador. This new partnership reflects our understanding of the importance of citizen security as a priority concern to the people of Central America, and will build upon our efforts already underway there. For the United States, this means reviewing our assistance under the Central America Regional Security Initiative (CARSI) to adapt to changing conditions, as well as a commitment to continuing support as appropriate.

CARSI assists countries in the region in breaking the power, violence, and impunity of drug, gang, and criminal organizations, and strengthening law enforcement, military, and judicial sector institutions to enable them to advance the rule of law, strengthen respect for human rights, and resist corruption. To do so with maximum effectiveness, we will strengthen coordination among all the U.S. government partners engaged in this effort.

CARSI provides funding in a range of areas, including direct law enforcement cooperation, assistance for law enforcement and justice sector capacity building, and prevention programs aimed at addressing the root causes of crime and violence. We recognize the immediate need to combat the criminal organizations and associated violence; the medium-term requirement to augment the capabilities of civilian law enforcement and security entities; and the long-term necessity of strengthening judicial and other state institutions to resist corruption and improve the administration of justice. The programs will strive to address citizen safety, borders and ports, youth issues (including anti-gang efforts), and counternarcotics. Throughout, INL and USAID will coordinate activities to maximize impact and avoid expensive duplication, while also leveraging other international donor assistance.

Objective 1: Create safe streets for the citizens in the region.

Objective 2: Disrupt the movement of criminals and contraband within and between the nations of Central America.

Objective 3: Support the development of strong, capable, and accountable Central American Governments.

Objective 4: Re-establish effective state presence and security in communities at risk.

Objective 5: Foster enhanced levels of security and rule of law coordination and cooperation between nations of the region.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Funds will support on-going law enforcement operations and justice sector reform in Central America to establish and sustain professional and accountable law enforcement services. Programs may advance regional police training and equipment and assist in addressing the porous borders through which transnational criminal organizations traffic firearms, bulk cash, narcotics, and other illicit contraband.

Counternarcotics

  • Funds will combat rising international drug trafficking in Central America. Support may include continuation of successful Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, and other vetted units; continue support for demand reduction programs such as Drug Abuse Resistance Education; analyze and combat the growing poppy cultivation in Guatemala; and continue to provide for enhanced regional land and maritime interdiction capabilities and logistics supports.

Transnational Crime

  • Funds will seek to minimize the adverse effects of criminal activities in Central America and improve citizen safety. Efforts may include support for in-service training and capacity enhancements of law enforcement personnel, including anti-gang training and support for Model Precincts; and training and technical assistance on financial crimes and asset forfeiture for the region.

Rule of Law Human Rights

  • Funds will seek to advance citizen safety, law enforcement, and rule of law activities in Central America. Efforts may include improving courts administration, management and processes; building the capacity of prosecutors and improving collaboration between civilian prosecutors and judicial or police investigators; improving prison administration, management, and processes; supporting police academies and entry-level training and curricula; and advancing modern policing training and techniques, including through technical assistance and targeted support in high-risk areas.

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Central America Regional Security Initiative

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stability Ops and Security Sector Reform

Border and Ports

3,600

3,350

2,950

Regional Equipment and Training for Law Enforcement

2,000

2,550

3,720

SubTotal

5,600

5,900

6,670

1.4 Counternarcotics

Vetted Units

5,800

7,000

6,300

Regional Maritime and Land Interdiction

6,600

4,800

6,600

Demand Reduction

250

650

630

Aviation - Guatemala

8,300

15,500

Eradication

500

500

500

SubTotal

21,450

28,450

14,030

1.5 Transnational Crime

Capacity Enhancement

26,800

14,400

18,900

Assets Forfeiture Training

1,500

2,000

SubTotal

28,300

14,400

20,900

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

Justice Sector Reform

2,600

7,950

3,000

Prison Management

2,000

13,050

3,000

Improved Police Academies & Training

1,450

1,200

1,200

Community Policing

4,600

4,800

5,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 2.1)

5,508

9,250

6,200

SubTotal

16,158

36,250

18,400

Total

71,508

85,000

60,000

Note: Funding for the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) program is included in bilateral Guatemala program budget in FY11 - FY13

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

U.S. Personnel

3,000

4,800

3,500

Non-U.S. Personnel

900

1,475

900

ICASS Costs

1,100

2,000

1,300

Program Support

508

975

500

Total

5,508

9,250

6,200

Caribbean Basin Regional Security Initiative (CBSI)

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2011 Actual

FY 2012 Estimate

FY 2013 Request

37,500

30,000

21,000

Note: Although the CBSI President’s Request in FY 2011 was requested as a separate line item, CBSI was subsumed in FY 2011 and reincorporated in FY 2012 and FY 2013 into the Western Hemisphere Regional line item.

Program Overview

The Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI) addresses the increasing crime and violence, largely driven by drug and other illicit trafficking, that affects the safety of both United States and Caribbean citizens. As the Merida Initiative and Central America Regional Security Initiative apply pressure against trafficking organizations in Mexico and Central America, CBSI funding will support complementary efforts to address the potential spillover effect from traffickers shifting routes to the Caribbean.

INL programs under this initiative may strengthen Caribbean partner nation capabilities in the areas of maritime security, law enforcement, information sharing, border and migration control, transnational crime, and criminal justice.

Programs will build upon previously successful partnerships and develop partner nation capabilities to allow them to cooperate and coordinate in a regional context to address citizen safety concerns.

Program Goals and Objectives

CBSI supports the Caribbean Community’s “Organized Crime Strategy.” The program also supports the goals of Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform, Counternarcotics, and Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: Substantially reduce illicit trafficking.

Objective 2: Advance public safety and security.

Objective 3: Promote Social Justice.

FY 2013 Program

Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

  • Funds will support law enforcement operations reform in the region to establish and sustain professional and accountable law enforcement services. Funds will be used to establish, train, and equip law enforcement units that can work on a wide range of issues to include illicit trafficking, customs and border control, and port security operations. Programs will support increased information sharing among governments in the Caribbean Basin, including digital fingerprint and ballistics data.

Counternarcotics

  • Funds will combat the cultivation, production, and trafficking of drugs throughout the Caribbean Basin. Support will include training, equipment, and operational support for vetted units to enhance law enforcement officials’ ability to interdict illicit drugs. Funds will also establish sustainable institutional change in support of host nation interdiction capacity, enhance regional cooperation in interdiction efforts, and provide alternatives to criminal activities through support of rehabilitation efforts.

Transnational Crime

  • Funds will seek to minimize the adverse effects of criminal activities in the Caribbean Basin. Efforts will support training of law enforcement personnel, including anti-gang training, and training on money laundering, financial crimes, and asset forfeiture for the region.

Rule of Law and Human Rights

  • U.S. government assistance will seek to advance rule of law activities in the Caribbean Basin. Efforts will include improving courts administration, management, and processes; increasing proficiency of corrections personnel; building capacity of prosecutors and promoting collaboration between civilian prosecutors and judicial or police investigators; and improving forensic skills for use in the judicial system.

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Caribbean Basin Security Initiative

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2011

FY 2012

FY 2013

Actual

Estimate

Request

1.3 Stabilization Operations and Security Sector Reform

Regional Law Enforcement Professionalization and Support

10,195

8,000

4,000

Regional Information Sharing Program

1,100

2,000

-

1.3 Subtotal

11,295

10,000

4,000

1.4 Counternarcotics

Strengthening Counternarcotics Control Capabilities

10,006

3,938

5,200

Drug Demand Reduction

850

600

800

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2 attributed to 1.4)

3,249

6,462

5,500

1.4 Subtotal

14,105

11,000

11,500

1.5 Transnational Crime

Money Laundering/Financial Crimes

3,400

2,200

1,500

1.5 Subtotal

3,400

2,200

1,500

2.1 Rule of Law and Human Rights

Rule of Law and Anti-Corruption

8,700

6,800

4,000

2.1 Subtotal

8,700

6,800

4,000

Total

37,500

30,000

21,000

Program Development & Support (objective 6.2) Detail

U.S. Personnel

1,030

2,757

2,892

Non-U.S. Personnel

510

844

782

ICASS Costs

745

1,935

1,538

Program Support

964

926

288

Total

3,249

6,462

5,500

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