Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services
Report
February 15, 2013



CONFLICT PREVENTION, MITIGATION, AND RESPONSE: Support the prevention, containment or mitigation, and resolution of existing or emergent regional conflicts, as well as post-conflict peace, reconciliation, and justice processes.

Analysis: This section details a key performance indicator to illustrate the Department of State's performance in an area that links to key budget and policy priorities under Strategic Goal 1. The indicator—the number of key milestones achieved annually that improve the capabilities of nuclear scientists and foreign governments to combat nuclear smuggling and prevent terrorist acquisition of a nuclear weapon—represents the Department's priority to improve the capabilities of foreign governments to prevent terrorist acquisition of nuclear materials or the expertise that could be used to develop and use a nuclear device. Overall, there have been some outstanding successes, including the maturation of the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism, development and expansion of the Preventing Nuclear Smuggling Program, and development of the nuclear component of the Global Threat Reduction program. Success has also been registered as the Department assists the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in developing and implementing norms, regulations, and guidelines regarding nuclear security. The diplomatic impetus provided by the 2010 Nuclear Security Summit in Washington and the 2012 Nuclear Security Summit in South Korea greatly assisted in this effort. Success often depends on foreign government actions and decision-making, so performance targets are not met all the time. This indicator tracks work in multiple initiatives and programs, including, but not limited to: the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (GICNT), a voluntary partnership of 85 states that collaborate through multilateral activities to strengthen the global capacity to combat the nuclear terrorism threat; the Preventing Nuclear Smuggling Program (PNSP), which helps the most vulnerable states identify and address gaps in their capabilities to prevent, detect, and respond to nuclear and radiological smuggling; and the Global Threat Reduction nuclear security program, which helps to build a self-sufficient nuclear security culture in priority countries, particularly in the Middle East, through training and integration into the international technical community.