Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
February 27, 2013


Evaluation Overview and Key Findings:

In order to inform PRM programming and humanitarian diplomacy in protracted refugee settings, the Bureau funded Development and Training Services, Inc. (dTS) to conduct an evaluation of the relationship between livelihoods, education and protection space with urban refugees in Ecuador (Ibarra, Tulcán, San Lorenzo, and Quito) and Somali refugees in Kenya’s Dadaab camp. The evaluators used parallel methodologies in Ecuador and Kenya, including focus groups, key informant interviews, and survey instruments. Key findings included:

· In both Kenya and Ecuador, the evaluation revealed limited access to job training and income generation opportunities. Vocational training and income generation activities would allow refugees to better meet the shelter and nutritional needs of their families.

· In Kenya, insufficient access to and quality of education for refugees limited livelihood opportunities. The evaluation identified a shortage of qualified teachers, inadequate resources for teacher training and insufficient focus on vulnerable youth.

· In Ecuador, refugees reported feeling stigmatized by host communities. Refugees lacked awareness concerning available services such as education and health care. Lack of access to daycare was a challenge for working parents seeking employment.

Recommendations:

· Expand income-generating programs emphasizing livelihood skills, and placement into education, training and micro-credit programs;

· Facilitate networking for new refugees, helping them to navigate opportunities for livelihood training programs in agriculture, small business management and micro-credit;

· Include long-term refugees in the implementation of programs for new refugees, providing opportunities for informal interactions and support network building;

· Support refugee-initiated activities such as the creation of schools;

· Ensure that refugees, especially new arrivals, are aware of available services;

· Encourage the Kenyan government to consider alternatives to encampment; and

· Engage the Ecuadorian government on promoting opportunities for refugees to work.