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Fast Facts on the U.S. Government's Work in Haiti: Governance, Rule of Law, and Security

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Fact Sheet
Office of the Haiti Special Coordinator
January 16, 2013


Challenges

The January 12, 2010, earthquake had an immediate impact on governance and the rule of law, killing an estimated 18 percent of Haiti’s civil service and destroying key infrastructure, including the National Palace, the Parliament, 28 of 29 government ministry buildings, the headquarters of the Haitian National Police, many courts, and several correctional facilities. National elections were delayed until November 2010 as a result of the earthquake, and electoral process flaws further delayed the presidential inauguration, seating of Parliament, and subsequent government confirmation. Periods of political deadlock and weak institutions in Haiti have presented significant challenges to governance and the rule of law, by hindering key legislative and policy reforms, the current administration strongly supports efforts geared at increasing the capacity of rule of law institutions. To achieve long-term stability and economic growth, Haiti needs strong governmental institutions that deliver public services transparently and with accountability, administer justice efficiently and in conformity with the Haitian Constitution, provide security to the Haitian people, and protect the most vulnerable. The U.S. Government is committed to supporting a responsive, just, and effective government in Haiti.

Capacity Building for the Government of Haiti

The U.S. Government, through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), is helping the Government of Haiti establish credible political and electoral processes and to strengthen national and local governance institutions. Currently, our activities include:

Improving Access to Justice and Legal Assistance

The rule of law, as supported by justice and security institutions, is a basic foundation of citizen security and economic growth. USAID and the U.S. Department of State are:

Strengthening the Security Sector

The Haitian National Police (HNP) is Haiti’s sole indigenous security force. Improving and expanding the capacity of the Haitian National Police is critical to the Government of Haiti’s ability to maintain public order and protect vulnerable populations. The U.S. Government is:

The U.S. Government is also supporting the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) to promote a secure and stable environment in Haiti. The U.S. currently supports the contribution of up to 100 UN police officers, 10 corrections officers, and nine military officers seconded to MINUSTAH.

Protecting Human Rights and Vulnerable Populations

Increasing protection of human rights and vulnerable populations is key to U.S. assistance in Haiti. The United States is funding a number of initiatives to improve physical security, provide services to victims of abuse, collect and analyze data, build institutional capacity, and empower vulnerable populations, including:

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