U.S. Department of State

Fast Facts on the U.S. Government's Work in Haiti: Energy

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Fact Sheet
Office of the Haiti Special Coordinator
January 16, 2013

The Challenge

Even prior to the January 2010 earthquake, the power sector in Haiti was among the most problematic in the Western world. Only an estimated 25 percent of the population had access to electricity services―leaving an estimated 7 million people without power. The average person in Port-au-Prince only had access to electricity 10 hours per day, and half the population was illegally connected to the power grid.

Today, access to electricity in rural areas remains at approximately 5 percent, and combined technical and commercial losses of electricity are approximately 75 percent, according to the World Bank. To maintain its commercial operations, Electricite d'Haiti (EDH)―the electrical utility―requires an annual Government of Haiti subsidy of more than $120 million, representing approximately 12 percent of the national budget.

U.S. Government Strategy

Through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), the U.S. Government aims to improve access and reliability of electricity in Haiti. USAID is working in support of the Government of Haiti to modernize the electricity sector and expand the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity in targeted economic corridors and associated un-served communities.


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