Bureau of Resource Management
Report
February 24, 2012



The Department and USAID are working together with our European partners to ensure that Europe is engaged, stable and prosperous. Europe is the essential platform for global engagement as showcased in the United States' strong relationships with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the European Union (EU), and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. The United States works with Europe on priorities such as Afghanistan and Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, the changes sweeping the Arab world, and the Middle East peace process and the U.S. also collaborates on addressing challenges within Europe, such as Belarus, Ukraine, the Caucasus, and the Western Balkans. The Department and USAID engage Europeans through public diplomacy programs that advance a narrative of the U.S. and Europe working in partnership to achieve shared goals. On the economic front, we cooperate on a wide range of regulatory matters to unlock commerce around the world and ensure our companies and scientists lead in emerging sectors and technologies.

Georgia: Georgia is one of six high priority countries in Eastern Europe for U.S. support aimed at consolidating democratic and economic reforms to help sustain regional peace and stability. To support democratic reform in Georgia in FY 2011, the U.S. helped strengthen civil society by providing grants that enabled regional media to better monitor government decision-making and transparency. U.S. Government assistance also supported implementation of Georgia's new Criminal Procedures Code and the successful introduction of jury trials. Generating rapid, sustained, and broad-based economic growth is a key priority. In FY 2011, the Department of State efforts resulted in, among other successes, over $23.4 million in new domestic and foreign investments in greenhouse and cold storage facilities completion of the 30km Poti-Senaki gas pipeline and vocational education trainings and job fairs that helped more than 700 young people find employment. To further support economic reform, FY 2011 U.S. assistance addressed financial crime by helping establish Georgia's first cybercrime unit in the Ministry of Internal Affairs. The U.S. also supported Georgia's sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders. Restoration of maritime assets and strengthening the Georgian Coast Guard (GCG) were a key focus of U.S. border security assistance in FY 2011. With U.S. funding, the GCG launched two 82-foot Coast Guard vessels, opened a new language center, and completed an upgrade of radar facilities. Over 200 officers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs were trained in detection, interdiction, and investigation of violations of the border security.

Moldova: As with Georgia, Moldova is one of six priority countries in Eastern Europe for U.S. assistance to consolidate democratic and economic reforms. Moldova's democracy currently serves as the reformist model for the region, making it a leading candidate for accelerated integration with the EU. U.S. assistance focuses on strengthening democratic governance, improving the economy and business climate, fostering enterprise development, combating corruption, reforming the justice sector, and leveraging new Millennium Challenge Corporation activities in Moldova, including competitive high value agriculture. In FY 2011, U.S. support for justice reform strengthened the role of prosecutors in overseeing Trafficking in Persons (TIP) investigations, prompting the Department of State to raise Moldova's status in its annual TIP Report from the Tier 2 Watch List to Tier 2. Grants to civil society groups fostered increased civic participation, government accountability, and democratic political processes, and monitored reforms in key sectors, such as health care. The U.S. also helped improve electoral administration and ensure democratic elections judged free and fair by national and international observers. On the economic front, the U.S. Government collaborated with the Government of Moldova on reforms that reduced the regulatory and tax burden on businesses and citizens and made significant strides in utilizing information technology to improve governance, strengthen civil society, and support private sector growth. These improvements contributed to Moldova ranking as the second fastest reformer in the World Bank's Doing Business 2012 report.

Kosovo: The U.S. Government's continuing goal is to help Kosovo become a stable, multiethnic, democratic, and prosperous country that is fully integrated into European and Euro-Atlantic institutions and contributing to the peaceful development of the western Balkans. In FY 2011, U.S. judicial assistance helped strengthen the capacity of the Kosovo Judicial Council by restructuring the court system to streamline their functions, promoting transparency, and having courts serve as platforms for piloting new operations designed to improve court efficiency. To address economic challenges, the U.S. provided training for commercial banks and provided technical assistance to the Ministry of Finance to create an electronic platform that will enable issuance and trade of government securities. To increase the capacity of civil society, the U.S. Government provided several small grants to non-governmental organizations (NGO) in Kosovo to support their watchdog activities, with notable success in reaching minority media outlets that foster ethnic and political reconciliation. One U.S. assisted NGO in particular positively mediated a dispute between a Kosovo Serb TV station and the Government of Kosovo (GOK), resulting in improved interethnic dialogue and integration of Serb media into mainstream television channels. Institutional capacity building has also been critical in the electoral and local governance sectors, where the U.S. is assisting the GOK with the planning and implementation of a revised Election Law and enabling municipal administrations and assemblies to provide better services to their citizens. To ensure order and security at Kosovo's borders, the U.S. Government provided technical assistance to the Kosovo Police and the GOK for the development of operational plans, risk assessment tools, and protocols, which were especially critical following the violence in northern Kosovo last summer.


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