AG/RES. 2627 (XLI-O/11) Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
Having seen the annual report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.5217/11 add. 1), in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security;
UNDERSCORING the importance of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA);
REITERATING the urgent need for all member states to take appropriate measures for full implementation of the Convention and the importance of promoting and facilitating cooperation and the sharing of information and experiences among all the states at the bilateral, regional, and international levels with a view to averting, combating, and eradicating the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials;
REAFFIRMING the principles of sovereignty, nonintervention, and the juridical equality of states;
RECALLING previous General Assembly resolutions on the CIFTA, as well as the Declaration of Bogotá on the Functioning and Application of the CIFTA and the Tlatelolco Commitment, which support implementation of the CIFTA, adopted at the First and the Second Conference of States Parties, respectively;
KEEPING IN MIND the Third Conference of States Parties to the CIFTA to be held in 2012; and
TAKING NOTE of the Work Program 2011-2012 of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, which the Committee adopted at its twelfth regular meeting,
1. To urge the four member states that have not yet done so to give prompt consideration to ratifying or acceding to, as the case may be, the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA).
2. To request the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS) to continue preparing the model legislations on Record-keeping, Confidentiality and Exchange of Information (Articles XI, XII, and XIII); Security Measures (Article VIII), and Controlled Delivery (Article XVIII), and to convene a meeting of the Group of Experts at OAS headquarters on October 28, 2011, to consider said documents.
3. To encourage the OAS member states that do not have such legislation in place to implement, as appropriate, the model legislations approved by the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, and to request the assistance of the General Secretariat, where appropriate, in the development and enactment of this model legislation.
4. To encourage the OAS member states that have not yet done so to submit to the General Secretariat their responses to the Questionnaire on the Implementation and Effectiveness of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials.
5. To convene the Third Conference of States Parties to the CIFTA at OAS headquarters on March 28 and 29, 2012, in order to examine the functioning and application of the Convention in accordance with Article XXVIII of the Convention, and to convene three preparatory meetings, including the thirteenth regular meeting of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA to be held on February 3, 2012, at OAS headquarters.
6. To invite the Inter-American Defense Board to organize, through the Inter-American Defense College, a seminar on “Illicit Arms Trafficking” for its students and the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH).
7. To request the General Secretariat to continue, in the framework of the CIFTA, the Declaration of Bogotá, and the Tlatelolco Commitment, to organize specialized workshops and training programs on stockpile management and destruction of firearms and munitions; identification, marking and tracing of firearms; strengthening of broker controls; and strengthening of border controls.
8. To consider advancing application of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (International Tracing Instrument [ITI]) of the United Nations, as well as cooperation to mark and trace illicit firearms in the Hemisphere.
9. To request the General Secretariat to update the Summary of Country Compliance with CIFTA: Status of Ratifications and National Firearms Legislation in Force (CIFTA/CEP-II/doc.5/08) for presentation during the Third Conference of States Parties.
10. To include the topic “Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Related Materials” in the 2011-2012 calendar of activities of the CSH.
11. To invite OAS member states; permanent observers to the OAS; international, regional, and subregional organizations; and the international community to consider making voluntary financial contributions to the OAS fund in connection with firearms [AG/RES. 2108 (XXXV-O/05)] and/or to consider providing technical, human, and educational assistance, in order to support the full implementation of the CIFTA and strengthen its Technical Secretariat.
12. To request the Secretary General, in his function as depositary of the Convention, to provide the needed legal services to support the meetings and activities of the Consultative Committee.
13. To request the Secretary General to present a report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the status of signatures, accessions to, and ratifications of the CIFTA.
14. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution.
15. That execution of the activities envisaged in this resolution will be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.