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2010 Year in Review: Conflict Prevention and Stabilization Operations

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Report
Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization
February 9, 2011


About the Conflict & Stabilization Operations 2010 Year In Review

This document reviews 2010 highlights of U.S. conflict and stabilization operations centered around the State Department's Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization. The Office addresses the need for collaborative, government-wide foreign policy tools to address the diverse stabilization needs of the global community.


Date: 02/09/2011 Description: Cover of 2010 Year in Review: Conflict Prevention and Stabilization operations - State Dept Image

Contents

Introduction
Message from the Ambassador
Work and Accomplishments
- Afghanistan
- Kyrgyz Republic
- Sudan
- Haiti
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
Map: Conflict Prevention and Stabilization in 2010
Conflict Prevention
- Interagency Conflict Assessment Framework
- 1207 Programs
Our People and Expertise
- Civilian Response
Supporting Deployments
- Real -Time Training
- Sharing Lessons and Skills
- Equipping the Corps
Civilian Deployments in 2010
International Engagement


Introduction

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton - State Dept Image

“With the right tools, training, and leadership, our diplomats and development experts can defuse crises before they explode. Creating new opportunities for advancing democracy, promoting sustainable economic growth, and strengthening the rule of law in fragile states are all overlapping and mutually reinforcing endeavors. They cut across bureaus and offices and agencies. They demand not just the skills of our State Department diplomats and USAID development experts, but also the expertise of civilian specialists across the U.S. Government.”

- Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, December 15, 2010 on the release of the first Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review

News of political conflict comes from all corners of the globe with unsettling regularity. In 2010, violence continued in countries such as Afghanistan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mozambique saw food riots, while the Kyrgyz Republic witnessed the ouster of one government and tensions after an outbreak of ethnic violence. To respond to complex situations like these, Congress created the Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization (S/CRS) and the Civilian Response Corps.

In 2010, S/CRS and the Corps worked on conflict prevention and stabilization in many countries central to national security. This work expanded the abilities of U.S. posts to address critical issues, uniting expertise from across the U.S. government in support of U.S. foreign policy. This report outlines a number of accomplishments in bringing peace and stability to countries in crisis.

Efforts included:

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image



Message from the Ambassador

The recent vote for self-determination in Sudan is an important step toward the full implementation of the country’s 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement. In 2010, the U.S. supported this move toward stability through its Consulate General in Juba, the capital of the autonomous southern region. S/CRS sent teams of civilian experts into and beyond state capitals throughout Southern Sudan to establish relationships with local officials, monitor and prepare for the referendum, and to support the referendum itself. We provided experts in security, rule of law, elections, and development, working together across traditional disciplines to expand the U.S. government’s presence.

This expeditionary diplomacy represents a new approach to a fragile, conflict-plagued region. It also represents a view of the future of U.S. foreign policy, leveraging civilian power from across the U.S. government, which lies at the heart of the Secretary of State’s vision for 21st century statecraft. The State Department’s recently released Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review calls on the Department to make stabilization and conflict prevention and response part of its core missions, building on the work and doctrine developed by S/CRS. Since its inception, S/CRS has served as a laboratory for this approach to addressing complex political problems before they turn into crisis. We help societies prevent or emerge from conflict, improve the U.S. ability to work in these situations and forge international partnerships, and develop ways to improve our ability to work in conflict and crisis. We bring specialized skills not often found in the Department, but we exist to advance the work of the U.S. embassies and posts where we serve, as part of a broader application of U.S. civilian power worldwide.

The Civilian Response Corps is the epitome of this whole-of-government approach. The Corps is composed of members from across the government who stand ready to deploy to fragile states and put their skills to work. By virtue of the Corps, we can draw on emergency environmental health experts from the Department of Health and Human Services; police, prosecution, and detention expertise from the Department of Justice; and people who can help build markets from the Commerce Department, to name just a few of our capabilities. In 2010, our largest missions were in Sudan, Afghanistan, and the Kyrgyz Republic, but we operate in every region of the world. In Afghanistan, we provided key planning and strategic communications support and assistance to a program that rehabilitates Afghan detainees. In the southern region of the Kyrgyz Republic, we assisted U.S. efforts to help communities in the wake of civil unrest. We also conducted interagency conflict assessments in 10 countries, a new experience for most U.S. personnel at these posts, to increase the U.S. focus on the drivers of conflict.

Our office has done much over the past year, but new challenges lie ahead. As we begin a new era in conflict prevention and stabilization, we must not forget the central purpose of our work: to help countries facing the threat of conflict find and implement their own solutions, and to advance America’s core interests: security, prosperity, universal values of democracy and human rights, and a just international order.

Date: 11/12/2010 Description: Amb. Robert Loftis, Coordinator for Reconstruction & Stabilization - State Dept Image

Ambassador Robert G. Loftis, Acting Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization
Previous positions include leading the initial negotiations for the Status of Forces Agreement with Iraq in 2008, serving as Deputy Executive Director of the Implementation Planning Team for the creation of the African Command within the Department of Defense, and teaching strategic leadership at the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. From 2001 to 2004, he was Ambassador to the Kingdom of Lesotho.

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image


Work and Accomplishments

The United States promotes sustainable peace in fragile countries by building a government’s ability to resolve conflicts, promote development, and provide for its own people. The core of the mission is to resolve underlying grievances at the national and community levels and support host-country institutions that can provide effective security and justice. The Office’s Civilian Response Corps, drawn from eight government agencies, stands ready to deploy to fragile states. In 2010, it made 292 deployments, nearly three times the number in the previous year, to 28 posts overseas. The Active component of the Corps grew to 131 members. Here are some highlights of that work.

Afghanistan

At the U.S. Embassy in Kabul, S/CRS supported the strategic planning and assessment section. This office and its predecessor worked with Afghan partners to develop geographically focused plans, including the overarching guide to civilian-military coordination in Afghanistan, and it supports production of the National Security Council’s quarterly progress reports.

S/CRS-supported teams in Kabul and in Afghan Regional Commands in the East, South, and Southwest worked with the district and provincial institutions to build effective government. Through the Afghan Ministry of Finance, an Embassy team of S/CRS experts worked with the Afghan government to turn the Afghan National Development Strategy into workable plans that international donors can support, and coordinated a historic donors’ conference in Kabul in July.

Corps members from USAID are providing contract management, environmental, and engineering advice to understaffed and underfunded Afghan ministries on how to respond to crisis and improve service delivery.

Corps members also were part of an interagency task force responsible for rehabilitating Afghan insurgents for reintegration into society. This partnership with the State Department, including members of the Corps, and the Department of Defense brought together Afghan citizens and coalition military partners. The task force created detainee review boards, developed educational programs and ensured that U.S. detainee systems aligned with the Afghan criminal justice system. In May, the team opened a modern detention facility in Parwan, where prisoners are educated and returned to Afghan society. The program seeks to reduce insurgents’ incentives for violence, prepare them to become productive members of the workforce, and thereby lower the risk that they will return to conflict. Corps members from the Department of Justice provided corrections support and prosecutorial expertise, USAID Corps members met with local leaders to prepare communities to receive detainees, and Department of Agriculture Corps members implemented farm training programs at the detention facility.

Elsewhere, Corps members assisted the Embassy's Strategic Communications office with a campaign to counter extremist voices and to construct secure communications towers. The Corps also assisted the U.S. Embassy’s elections observation work in the fall of 2010.

S/CRS has sent more than 100 people from six U.S. agencies and departments to Afghanistan, including 70 in 2010.

Key accomplishments
- Coordinated the plan to deliver Afghan governance to the Afghan people
- Supported the reintegration of former combatants into Afghan society

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: Civilian Response Corps member with colleagues in Afghanistan © Department of Agriculture Image

Civilian Response Corps Member Profile
Name: Jim Conley (front row, 2nd from left)
Agency: Department of Agriculture
Country Deployment: Afghanistan
Accomplishments: Trained Afghan detainees on farming and irrigation to give them viable agricultural skills. The program provides drip irrigation devices to detainees upon their release.

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image


Kyrgyz Republic

Civilian Response Corps members from four U.S. agencies went to the Kyrgyz Republic to further efforts to reduce potential conflict and support the transition to a new government.

After the Kyrgyz government fell in April, Corps experts offered conflict prevention expertise, reported on political and economic conditions, assisted with strategic communications and aid coordination, and served as election advisers. The Corps helped produce a six-month U.S. strategy to help a new, more broad-based government quickly stand up and provide essential services.

After ethnic violence in June left hundreds dead and hundreds of thousands displaced, Corps members established a temporary U.S. office in the south. From there the Corps assisted in the coordination of humanitarian and disaster response and improved reporting from the region.

Key accomplishments
- Improved U.S. understanding of conflict dynamics in the wake of ethnic violence and supported development of a six-month stabilization strategy
- Established and staffed a temporary assistance unit in the south of the country to focus U.S. assistance to counter ethnic violence
- Assisted a police professionalization program led by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: Civilian Response Corps member in the Kyrgyz Republic - State Dept Image

Civilian Response Corps Member Profile
Name: Bradley Markwald
Agency: Bureau of Diplomatic Security, Department of State
Country Deployment: Kyrgyz Republic
Accomplishments: Set up physical security countermeasures for U.S. offices in Bishkek and southern Kyrgyz Republic used to conduct political reporting and community-building in the wake of political unrest. Conducted a threat assessment and established security procedures for remote U.S. facilities.

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image


Sudan

In anticipation of Southern Sudan’s January 2011 referendum on self determination, S/CRS expanded its involvement significantly in 2010. S/CRS’s support for the U.S. Special Envoy for Sudan and the U.S. Consulate General in Juba, the capital of Southern Sudan, enabled the U.S. government to operate better in a region facing poverty, a history of conflict, and little established governance or infrastructure. The Civilian Response Corps deployed officers skilled at establishing operations in austere and remote locations as well as interagency experts in rule of law, conflict mitigation, and governance. The Corps’s work in Juba improved relations with the government of Southern Sudan and improved U.S. awareness there, a role that evolved out of earlier election observation work during national elections in April. The Corps's presence also gave the United States a stronger voice in discussions with groups such as the United Nations, the African Union, bilateral partners, and local NGOs.

Additionally, S/CRS deployed five Corps teams to partner with the government and people of Southern Sudan. Traveling to remote areas and operating alongside local populations, these teams worked to prevent violence and monitor local disputes over issues such as cattle theft and access to water. Corps members also identified and helped alleviate voter registration issues.

Through the U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan, S/CRS helped identify risks and set goals for longer-term U.S. efforts. S/CRS planners supported these efforts to strengthen the government of Southern Sudan, enhance local reconciliation efforts, improve humanitarian assistance, and prepare for the referendum.

Key accomplishments
- Civilian surge to support the U.S. Consulate General in Juba, Southern Sudan
- Diplomatic engagement, conflict prevention and monitoring of the referendum on self-determination in southern states
- Support to the U.S. Special Envoy to Sudan

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: Civilian Response Corps member in Sudan - State Dept Image

Civilian Response Corps Member Profile
Name
: Oliver Fischer (center)

Agency: Census Bureau, Department of Commerce
Country Deployment: Sudan
Accomplishments: In advance of Southern Sudan’s referendum on self-determination, supported management of census and survey data. Traveled to remote villages to identify local needs for implementing conflict monitoring and response initiatives.

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image


Haiti

After the January 2010 earthquake, S/CRS helped mobilize a government-wide effort to develop a strategy to bring together people and funding to respond to the crisis. The U.S. task force included 45 offices and agencies working on issues including economic security, provision of essential services, rule of law, and response to vulnerable children. The resulting plan, which USAID used to guide long-term post-emergency relief efforts, laid out the work necessary to ensure that a fragile state did not fall into chaos once immediate humanitarian efforts subsided.

The earthquake shattered Port-au-Prince, but a stabilization project that S/CRS oversees helped keep peace in Cité Soleil, one particularly volatile neighborhood. In 2007, U.S. civilian organizations, including USAID and the State Department’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs and Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs, began working together in Cité Soleil to implement a whole-of-government plan that S/CRS designed, focused on job creation in infrastructure, the judicial system, and community policing. After the earthquake, Cité Soleil remained relatively stable. U.S.-supported police stations remained standing, and residents rejected a return of gang activity. The success of the plan led the State Department to replicate the program in another hot-spot neighborhood, Martissant, where residents are clearing the way for a new road and construction has begun on new police substations.

In December, amid civil unrest following the release of preliminary election results, S/CRS helped the U.S. Embassy review the election results to identify irregularities and areas of potential fraud.

Key accomplishments
- Led key components of rapid planning for post-emergency earthquake response
- Oversaw programs to stabilize pivotal hot spots
- Supported U.S. monitoring of the November elections

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: Civilian Response Corps member in Haiti - State Dept Image

Civilian Response Corps Member Profile
Name
: Lena Zezulin (center)
Agency: U.S. Agency for International Development
Country Deployment: Haiti
Accomplishments: Oversaw a criminal justice reform project. After the earthquake, provided emergency assistance, improved criminal procedures, provided legal aid in poor communities, and oversaw monitoring of prisons, which exposed conditions at the National Penitentiary.

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image


Democratic Republic of the Congo

S/CRS played a large role in implementing a stabilization initiative forged by Congolese President Joseph Kabila and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton during her visit to the DRC in 2009. The Office trained and deployed interagency assessment teams to examine five sectors: gender-based violence; security sector reform; food security; corruption; and minerals management. Corps members from six agencies made up more than a third of the 30 team members, and managed all logistics and security.

Recommendations from this work now guide the U.S. and Congolese efforts to address these issues. S/CRS supported one of the assessments’ key recommendations, the development of a mobile banking system to combat corruption, through the Congolese Central Bank and the Ministries of Finance and Telecommunications.

The Corps deployed a French-speaking security expert to the capital of Kinshasa to enhance UN efforts to coordinate international assistance to the DRC’s army and establish reliable security forces, a key to peace and stability. S/CRS also oversaw ongoing projects in eastern DRC to counter illegal armed groups, establish justice and governance systems and train civilian police to respond to cases of sexual and gender-based violence.

Key accomplishments
- Conducted assessments of five key sectors that became the basis for a revised diplomatic and development strategy for the country
- Assisted U.S. and UN efforts to strengthen the military and police

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: Civilian Response Corps member in the Democratic Repubilc of the Congo - State Dept Image

Civilian Response Corps Member Profile
Name: Mark Mogle (front, center)
Agency: Department of Justice
Country Deployment: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Accomplishments: Completed a comprehensive assessment of sexual and gender-based violence along with practitioners from the health, education, security, and humanitarian fields.

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image



Map: Conflict Prevention and Stabilization in 2010

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: Map: Conflict Prevention and Stabilization in 2010 - State Dept Image

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image


Conflict Prevention

In fragile states, addressing issues such as corruption, lawlessness or lack of governance can head off violence and instability. Conflict prevention includes both classic and innovative tools of diplomacy: mediation; fact-finding; assessment and planning across government agencies; and developing governance, justice, and security institutions. S/CRS offers specialists for all of these tasks, pulling together expertise from across the U.S. government.

Interagency Conflict Assessment Framework

In 2010, S/CRS dispatched prevention specialists to conduct assessments using its unique tool, the Interagency Conflict Assessment Framework, or ICAF. These assessments produce a prioritized list of dynamics that drive conflict as well as strengths and resiliencies around which conflict prevention efforts can be built. The information then feeds into plans to minimize the sources of conflict and maximize the sources of resilience, leading to changes in U.S. development and budget portfolios and preparing U.S. embassies to implement stabilization projects.

For example, ICAFs identified the need to build community policing and job programs for youth in Timor Leste, while finding a need for new ways to resolve land disputes in Liberia. S/CRS then helped fund these projects in 2010. The ICAF ensured the programs would be targeted and cost-effective.

The analysis is based not just on U.S. expertise but includes local government, business, and citizens. By bringing together all of the U.S. agencies working in a country, ICAFs have made U.S. planning and fieldwork more comprehensive and cooperative.

Since 2008, S/CRS has conducted or scheduled ICAF assessments in more than 20 countries.

In 2010, S/CRS conducted ICAFs in: Central African Republic, Ecuador, Kyrgyz Republic, Liberia, Philippines, Somalia, Timor Leste, Uganda, and Yemen.

Date: 02/09/2011 Location: Liberia Description: Conflict assessment team members greet local children.  - State Dept Image

Liberia Conflict Assessment
S/CRS led a conflict assessment project in Liberia. Here, team members greet childern in the village of Bakedu after interviewing residents.

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image


1207 Programs

S/CRS oversees this $442 million program funding 33 conflict prevention, stabilization and security-sector projects in 29 conflict-prone countries. Named for the section of the 2006 Defense Authorization Act in which it appears, the program allows for quick and comprehensive interagency response to destabilizing events outside of the normal budget process. The program’s new funding ended in 2010, but existing projects will take several years to complete. S/CRS supported the development, selection, and oversight of the projects, and linked them to deployments of the Civilian Response Corps. In many cases, S/CRS, along with USAID, the Department of Defense and other agencies, sent representatives to potential recipient countries to help the U.S. post. Projects funded in 2010 aimed to improve delivery of government services in Yemen, develop safe transit routes and mining regulations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and extend Ecuador’s government services in its under-served Northern Border Region. More than $90 million was approved in fiscal year 2010 for projects in these countries as well as in Guatemala, the Kyrgyz Republic, Liberia, Somalia, and Timor Leste.

Previously funded programs continue to have an impact. A project in Paraguay generated new state presence and new jobs in previously under-served areas of the north. In Nepal, the 1207 project helped re-establish and extend government authority in a sensitive region by building communications and police infrastructure, training police, and teaching mediation skills.

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: Rundown street in Cite Soleil before a stabilization project helped restore it. - State Dept Image
Date: 02/09/2011 Description: New street in Cite Soleil after a stabilization project helped restore infrastructure. - State Dept Image

Before and After
Before-and-after pictures from the Cité Soleil neighborhood of the Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince, where a stabilization project helped restore infrastructure. The neighborhood remained relatively calm after the January 2010 earthquake.

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image


Our People and Expertise

Civilian Response

Date: 11/30/2010 Description: Civilian Response Corps logo - State Dept ImageS/CRS oversees the Civilian Response Corps, an interagency body created to bring together the expertise in conflict resolution, security, good governance, rule of law, and provision of basic human needs that is scattered across many agencies and departments. Through rapid deployments to high-profile states such as Afghanistan and Sudan as well as new hot spots such as the Kyrgyz Republic and Yemen, the Corps makes up the central thrust of the U.S. government’s civilian stabilization efforts.

The Civilian Response Corps is made up of two components. Active members hold full-time positions as deployable professionals. Standby members retain their federal government positions, but the Corps can tap them for deployment as necessary. Active members are required to go through eight weeks of training, while Standby members are required to train for two weeks. In 2010, the Active component of the Corps grew from 78 to 131 members, while the Standby component surpassed 1,000 members. Corps deployments nearly tripled over 2009, from 108 to 292.

The Corps’s recruitment and hiring assure that a range of talents are applied to a problem. The Corps focuses on five key skill sets (with examples of deployments in parentheses):

The Corps draws its members from eight agencies and departments. Members are diplomats, development specialists, public health officials, law enforcement and corrections officers, engineers, economists, lawyers and others.

Among their range of abilities:

2010 Civilian Response Corps Active Component Membership

By Skill Set

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: 2010 Civilian Response Corps Active Component Membership by Skill Set - State Dept Image

By Agency

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: 2010 Civilian Response Corps Active Component Membership by Agency - State Dept Image

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image


Supporting Deployments

S/CRS prepares the Civilian Response Corps for deployment through specialized training and exercises with U.S. military and international partners. The courses are also a key part of a feedback loop that allows S/CRS to learn and adapt to new situations, a unique combination of policy evaluation and operations.

Real -Time Training

Over the summer, representatives from seven civilian agencies and the Department of Defense, including its African Command, took part in a conflict response simulation to test their abilities in civilian-military cooperation. In the exercise, the participants were thrown into an imaginary country that teetered on the brink of war. The 22 civilians and six military officials had to determine how best the military would support civilian stabilization work. The exercise represented the first time civilians led and developed a reconstruction and stabilization exercise with the U.S. military.

S/CRS uses lessons from its deployments to constantly improve. In 2010, returning Corps members reported back on issues such as logistics, team composition, and coordination of deployed agencies. S/CRS integrates these lessons into its training and shares them with interagency and international partners. S/CRS also leads an effort across the government to identify best practices for conflict prevention and stabilization.

Sharing Lessons and Skills

In addition to training in stabilization, planning and security, S/CRS supported several specialized courses, including writing workshops, interagency conflict assessment, and mission-specific pre-deployment training for those going to Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. To keep our deployed forces' skills current, S/CRS instituted an annual skills refresher program, featuring briefings on Corps country engagements and refresher training in planning, first aid and conflict assessment. S/CRS partners with a variety of institutions to provide training, including the Foreign Service Institute, the United States Institute of Peace, the National Defense University, the Naval Post Graduate School, and the United States Army War College.

Equipping the Corps

In addition to providing personnel, S/CRS supplies equipment for its deployments including housing, vehicles, satellite communications, and safety gear. This capability allows the Corps to start work quickly while minimizing the administrative burden on U.S. embassies. In 2010, the nature of the deployments dictated a wide range of equipment solutions, from 20-foot long containers for remote outposts in rural Sudan; to open and classified communications in Juba; to office equipment, water purification, and fully armored vehicles in the Kyrgyz Republic.

The Corps has also developed a complex model to predict deployment costs depending on the demands of the host country, the only non-military organization to do so. It provides a systematic and accurate measurement of how many people the Corps can afford to deploy.

The Office of the Coordinator supplies equipment for its deployments. This capability allows deploying personnel to get straight to work while minimizing the administrative burden on overtaxed embassies.
Date: 02/09/2011 Description: Civilian Response Corps equipment - State Dept Image
Fully Outfitted
S/CRS provides a range of equipment with its deployments, ensuring that its teams can work quickly with little burden on the host embassy.
Date: 09/22/2010 Description: Civilian Response Corps members discuss plan over vehicle. - State Dept Image
Travel in Safety
Armored vehicles that S/CRS deploys with the Civilian Response Corps saw use in countries including the Kyrgyz Repbulic, above.

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image


Civilian Deployments in 2010

The Civilian Response Corps deployed to 28 posts in 2010, including nine in Africa, seven in South and Central Asia, and three in the Middle East.

Deployments Over Time
Figures include staff from the Civilian Response Corps, S/CRS and key partners.

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: 2010 Deployments by Country - Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization and the Civilian Response Corps - State Dept Image

Deployments by Country
Figures include staff from the Civilian Response Corps, S/CRS and key partners.

Date: 02/09/2011 Description: 2010 Deployments by Country - Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization and the Civilian Response Corps - State Dept Image

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image


International Engagement

Building relationships and sharing lessons with international partners is a key component to the success of conflict prevention and stabilization. In 2010, S/CRS trained with foreign counterparts and participated in an informal network of partners known as the International Stabilization and Peacebuilding Initiative (ISPI).

In 2010, S/CRS began developing a joint exercise with its Australian counterpart, the Australian Civilian Corps, to be held in Australia in July 2011. The exercise will test the two groups’ ability to work together in a post-conflict setting. This cooperation builds on an official memorandum of understanding signed in 2010 between the Australian and U.S. Corps, which provided a foundation for deeper collaboration among civilian stabilization and conflict prevention organizations across the globe.

As part of its work with ISPI, S/CRS was pivotal in launching an online Community of Practice in October 2010. It provides a web-based forum open to all international stabilization actors. Its electronic network, more than 700 strong, fostered discussion from different sectors and regions of the world and engendered new ways to approach stabilization operations.

S/CRS and its counterparts from the United Kingdom, Canada, Germany and elsewhere launched ISPI in 2009. In 2010, this network for sharing best practices grew to 21 members drawn from nations and multilateral organizations with civilian response capabilities. S/CRS promotes other opportunities for cross-training and joint exercises. The United Kingdom, France, Canada, Slovakia, the European Union, the Netherlands, the World Bank, and Australia participated in both S/CRS-led courses and pre-deployment training in 2010. S/CRS shared its Interagency Conflict Assessment Framework overseas in Romania. International partners also participated in various multinational experiments, such as Combined Endeavour 2010, a communications and computer network exercise held in Grafenwoehr, Germany.

As these projects grow to encompass more activities and organizations, S/CRS will continue to play a lead role in enhancing coordination among its international partners.

2010 International Stabilization and Peacebuilding Initiative (ISPI) Members

Bilateral
- Australia
- Canada
- Denmark
- Finland
- France
- Germany
- Italy
- Japan
- Netherlands
- Norway
- Romania
- Sweden
- Switzerland
- United Kingdom
- United States

Multilateral
- African Union
- European Union
- Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
- Organization of American States
- United Nations
- World Bank

Date: 03/01/2010 Description: Back to Index - State Dept Image

[This is a mobile copy of 2010 Year in Review: Conflict Prevention and Stabilization Operations]