Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
June 8, 2010


(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 8, 2010)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) to the General Assembly (CP/doc.4481/10);

RECALLING its resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXXII-E/06), “Statutes of the Inter-American Defense Board,” adopted on March 15, 2006, and resolutions AG/RES. 2300 (XXXVII-O/07), AG/RES. 2400 (XXXVIII-O/08), and AG/RES. 2482 (XXXIX-O/09), “Support for the Activities of the Inter-American Defense Board,” adopted on June 5, 2007, June 3, 2008, and June 4, 2009, respectively;

RECALLING ALSO that the IADB is not operational in nature and that its Statutes establish that the purpose of the IADB is to provide the OAS and its member states with technical and educational advice and consultancy services on matters related to military and defense issues in the Hemisphere in order to contribute to the fulfillment of the OAS Charter;

WELCOMING the continued commitments of human and other resources made by members of the IADB in filling the elected offices established in its Statutes;

REITERATING its recognition of the invaluable role performed by the IADB in fulfillment of the mandates contained in the General Assembly resolutions contributing to implementation of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, especially those activities related to confidence- and security-building measures (CSBMs) and humanitarian demining;

REITERATING ALSO the importance of the advanced academic courses offered by the Inter-American Defense College to military officers and civilian officials of OAS member states and to permanent observers;

Recognizing the efforts made by the IADB to promote civil society participation in its meetings and activities, in accordance with resolution CP/RES. 759 (1217/99), “Guidelines for the Participation of Civil Society in OAS Activities”;

RECOGNIZING ALSO the technical assistance of the Inter-American Defense Board to the Program for Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines (AICMA), in accordance with AG/RES. 2453 (XXXIX-O/09), “The Americas as an Antipersonnel-Land-Mine-Free Zone”;

TAKING NOTE of the report of the IADB on the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 2482 (XXXIX-O/09), “Support for the Activities of the Inter-American Defense Board,” with respect to the special security concerns of small island states of the Caribbean (CP/CSH/INF.217/10);

NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the activities of the IADB detailed in the Annual Report of the Inter-American Defense Board to the General Assembly, CP/doc.4481/10especially those that have deepened its integration into the institutional processes of the Organization;

NOTING WITH SATISFACTION ALSO the establishment of a situation room following the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti, which made it possible for the delegations to receive timely and up-to-date information;

TAKING NOTE in accordance with resolution AG/RES. 2446 (XXXIX-O/09), “Support for the Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas in Housing Its Institutional Memory,” of the progress that has been made in the commitments contained in this resolution; and

WELCOMING WITH SATISFACTION the convocation of the Ninth Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas, to be held in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, in late November 2010,

RESOLVES:

1. To urge those member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) that are not yet members of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) to become members, in accordance with Article 4.1 of its Statutes.

2. To encourage the IADB to continue to provide, in accordance with its Statutes, prompt technical and educational advice and consultancy services on matters related to military and defense issues to member states that so request.

3. To encourage the IADB to continue strengthening its communication channels with the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH), in accordance with the functions established in its Statutes.

4. To welcome the technical and advisory services of the IADB provided to the CSH in accordance with its Statutes.

5. To encourage member states to strengthen and support the IADB by providing military personnel and civilian officials to accomplish its purpose and functions.

6. To encourage all OAS member states to promote participation in the advanced academic courses and seminars offered by the Inter-American Defense College to military officers and civilian officials of OAS member states and to permanent observers.

7. To encourage the IADB to continue to provide technical assistance to OAS member states in the development and exchange of Defense White Papers, when appropriate, and in the annual reporting to the OAS on the application of confidence- and security- building measures (CSBMs).

8. To encourage the IADB to continue to provide, in coordination with the General Secretariat and the CSH, consultancy services to smaller states, in accordance with its Statutes, in support of their efforts to address threats, concerns, and challenges.

9. To encourage the IADB, in coordination with the General Secretariat and other entities of the Organization, to continue providing technical advice and consultant services to member states and to the organs of the OAS in the event of disasters.

10. To encourage the IADB to continue to foster and promote civil society participation in its meetings and activities, in accordance with its Statutes.

11. To request the IADB to promote, with other hemispheric organizations and forums of a similar nature, awareness of OAS declarations and resolutions concerning military and defense issues.

12. To invite the member states, permanent observers, and other donors to support, through voluntary contributions, the activities undertaken by the IADB in carrying out its purpose.

13. To request the IADB to encourage its member states, under Article 3.f of its Statutes, to provide information to the General Secretariat each year on application of the Consolidated List of Confidence- and Security-Building Measures (CP/CSH-1043/08 rev. 1).

14. To request the IADB to continue providing technical advice to the Program for Comprehensive Action against Antipersonnel Mines (AICMA), and to invite the member states to continue contributing specialists for the IADB’s international monitors team.

15. To invite member states to consider and propose recommendations to the CSH before December 1, 2010, for further strengthening of the IADB and its capability to advise OAS member states and other appropriate OAS organs and entities in accordance with its Statutes.

16. To request the Secretariats of the IADB and Multidimensional Security (SMS), in keeping with the Statutes of the IADB, to work together to promote greater interaction to strengthen the IADB as an entity of the OAS, and to submit a report to the CSH by December 1, 2010.

17. To request that, by December 1, 2010, the IADB undertake an institutional assessment of its technical and advisory services that it can offer to the OAS member states.

18. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its forty-first and forty-second regular sessions on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.



[1]. While not an active party to the Inter-American Defense Board, Costa Rica supported this resolution for the sake of consensus.

[2]. The Government of Nicaragua does not support this resolution as it does not agree that the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) should intervene in military or other matters or activities that could involve violating a country’s sovereignty, independence, institutional system, and laws.