AG/RES. 2533 (XL-O/10) Disarmament and Nonproliferation in the Hemisphere
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 8, 2010)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly, in particular the section on the Committee on Hemispheric Security (AG/doc.5111/10 add. 1);
RECALLING resolutions AG/RES. 2007 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2109 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2260 (XXXVII-O/07), and AG/RES. 2360 (XXXVIII-O/08), “Disarmament and Nonproliferation Education”; and AG/RES. 1747 (XXX-O/00), AG/RES. 1791 (XXXI-O/01), AG/RES. 1876 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1938 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 2008 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2111 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2186 (XXXVI-O/06), AG/RES. 2273 (XXXVII-O/07), and AG/RES. 2359 (XXXVIII-O/08), “Inter-American Support for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty”;
REITERATING that the cessation of nuclear-weapon test explosions or any other nuclear explosions constitutes an effective nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation measure; and convinced that this is a meaningful step in the realization of a systematic process to achieve nuclear disarmament;
AFFIRMING that the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) constitutes the cornerstone of the nuclear nonproliferation regime;
ENCOURAGED because the CTBT has been signed 32 member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) and ratified by 29 of them; and, in particular, that it has now been ratified by seven of the eight states of the Hemisphere whose ratification is required for the Treaty to enter into force;
WELCOMING the commitment made by the President of the United States, Barack Obama, in his April 5, 2009, speech in Prague to seek the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate to ratification of the CTBT, and the renewed commitment to and support of the activities of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization by the United States;
BEARING IN MIND the valuable contribution of the CTBT to the consolidation and maintenance of international peace and security;
BEARING FURTHER IN MIND the determination of the international community to promote and adopt specific measures to foster a culture of peace and nonviolence in all countries of the world, and the significant contribution that disarmament and nonproliferation education can make in adopting such measures;
RECALLING that in the Declaration on Security in the Americas the states of the Hemisphere reaffirmed their commitment to arms control, disarmament, and the nonproliferation of all weapons of mass destruction;
TAKING INTO ACCOUNT the recommendations of the United Nations Study on Disarmament and Non-proliferation Education, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in resolution 57/60 in December 2002, especially those addressed to regional organizations; and
TAKING NOTE of the results of the meeting of the Committee on Hemispheric Security on “Disarmament and Nonproliferation Education” and “Inter-American Support for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty,” held on January 28, 2010,
1. To urge states to consider signing or ratifying the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) as soon as possible, in particular the states listed in Annex 2 to the Treaty, so that it may enter into force in the shortest possible time.
2. To welcome Saint Vincent and the Grenadines’ ratification of the CTBT and Trinidad and Tobago’s accession to it, as important steps for its entry into force soon.
3. To invite all member states, particularly those with International Monitoring System facilities, to support and implement the CTBT’s verification regime when the Treaty enters into force.
4. To call upon the states of the Hemisphere to refrain, even before the Treaty comes into force, from contravening the spirit of the obligations set forth therein, and to maintain, in particular, the moratorium on all kinds of nuclear tests, in accordance with the commitments undertaken at the 2000 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).
5. To reiterate to member states the invitation to give consideration to the recommendations contained in the United Nations Study on Disarmament and Non-proliferation Education in order to strengthen education and training for disarmament and nonproliferation.
6. To invite the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB), through the Inter-American Defense College, and in accordance with its Statutes, to:
a. Organize a “Seminar on disarmament and nonproliferation” for its students and the Committee on Hemispheric Security (CSH); and
b. Examine, collect, and make public and readily accessible the curricula and programs on disarmament and nonproliferation that the states or international organizations have prepared for school systems and university courses.
7. To request the General Secretariat to include on the CSH website a link to the electronic resources of the United Nations on education for disarmament and nonproliferation.
8. To urge the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security to continue promoting greater synergy with the work done by the United Nations, especially the Office for Disarmament Affairs, and with other specialized agencies in the field in order to identify proposals for action by the Organization of American States to promote education for disarmament and nonproliferation.
9. To include the topic of “Disarmament and nonproliferation in the Hemisphere” on the CSH calendar of activities for the 2011-2012 period.
10. The execution of the activities envisaged herein shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.
11. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its forty-first and forty-second regular sessions on the implementation of this resolution.
12. To request the Secretary General to forward this resolution to the United Nations Secretary-General, the Secretary General of Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapins in Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL), and the Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization.