Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
June 4, 2009


Organization of American States
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 4, 2009)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Chair of the Inter-American Defense Board to the General Assembly (CP/doc.4381/09);

RECALLING its resolution AG/RES. 1 (XXXII-E/06), “Statutes of the Inter-American Defense Board,” adopted on March 15, 2006, which established the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) as an “entity” of the Organization of American States (OAS) under Article 53 of the OAS Charter, and resolutions AG/RES. 2300 (XXXVII-O/07) and AG/RES. 2400 (XXXVIII-O/08), “Support for the Activities of the Inter-American Defense Board,” adopted on June 5, 2007, and June 3, 2008, respectively;

RECALLING ALSO that the IADB is not operational in nature and that its Statutes establish that the purpose of the IADB is to provide the OAS and its member states with technical and educational advice and consultancy services on matters related to military and defense issues in the Hemisphere in order to contribute to the fulfillment of the OAS Charter;

WELCOMING the continued commitments of human and other resources made by members of the IADB in filling the elected offices established in its Statutes;

REITERATING its recognition of the invaluable role performed by the IADB in fulfillment of the mandates contained in the General Assembly resolutions contributing to implementation of the Declaration on Security in the Americas, especially those activities related to confidence- and security-building measures (CSBMs) and humanitarian demining;

REITERATING ALSO the importance of the advanced academic courses offered by the Inter-American Defense College to military officers and civilian officials of OAS member states and to permanent observers;

Recognizing the efforts made by the IADB to promote civil society participation in its meetings and activities, in accordance with resolution CP/RES. 759 (1217/99), “Guidelines for the Participation of Civil Society in OAS Activities”;

TAKING NOTE:

Of the defense cooperation promoted for the arrangements for the Fifth Summit of the Americas among the following member states: The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Guyana, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United States; and

Of the report of the IADB on the implementation of resolution AG/RES. 2400 (XXXVIII-O/08), “Support for the Activities of the Inter-American Defense Board,” with respect to the special security concerns of small island states of the Caribbean (CP/CSH-1044/08 rev. 1);

ACKNOWLEDGING the advice offered within the IADB for the successful implementation in Trinidad and Tobago of the Emergency Management and Training Simulation System (SIGEN), developed by Chile, as a possible mechanism for strengthening natural and man-made disaster mitigation planning;


NOTING WITH SATISFACTION the activities of the IADB in its third year as an OAS entity, detailed in the Annual Report of the Chair of the Inter-American Defense Board to the General Assembly, especially those that have deepened its integration into the institutional processes of the Organization;

NOTING ALSO that, as provided in its Statutes, the IADB has undertaken activities related to technical aspects of military and defense issues to promote interaction and cooperation with other regional and global organizations of a similar nature;

BEARING IN MIND the Declaration of Banff, adopted at the Eighth Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas, held in Banff, Canada, from September 2 to 6, 2008; and

NOTING resolution AG/RES. 2446 (XXXIX-O/09), “Support for the Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas in Housing Its Institutional Memory,”

RESOLVES:

1. To urge those member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) that are not yet members of the Inter-American Defense Board (IADB) to become members, in accordance with Article 4.1 of its Statutes.

2. To encourage the IADB to continue to provide, in accordance with its Statutes, prompt technical and educational advice and consultancy services on matters related to military and defense issues to member states that so request.

3. To encourage the IADB to continue developing communication channels with the Committee on Hemispheric Security in order to make member states more aware of the work it does and the benefits and opportunities it affords, in accordance with the functions established in its Statutes.

4. To encourage member states to strengthen and support the IADB by providing military personnel and civilian officials to accomplish its purpose and functions.

5. To encourage all OAS member states to promote participation in the advanced academic courses and seminars offered by the Inter-American Defense College to military officers and civilian officials of OAS member states and to permanent observers;

6. To encourage the IADB to continue to provide technical assistance to OAS member states in the development and exchange of Defense White Papers, when appropriate, and in the annual reporting to the OAS on the application of confidence- and security- building measures (CSBMs).

7. To encourage the IADB to continue to provide, in coordination with the General Secretariat and the Committee on Hemispheric Security, consultancy services to smaller states, in accordance with its Statutes, in support of their efforts to address threats, concerns, and challenges.

8. To encourage the IADB to continue to foster and promote civil society participation in its meetings and activities, in accordance with its Statutes.

9. To request the IADB to promote, with other hemispheric organizations and forums of a similar nature, awareness of OAS declarations and resolutions concerning military and defense issues.

10. To invite the member states, permanent observers, and other donors to support, through voluntary contributions, the activities undertaken by the IADB in carrying out its purpose.

11. To request the General Secretariat to report to the General Assembly at its fortieth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.


*The Government of Nicaragua does not support this draft resolution as it does not agree with the Inter-American Defense Board intervening in activities which, be they in the form of military assistance and/or of a different nature, involve infringing on the sovereignty, independence, and institutional and legal order of the country.