Report
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs

Afghanistan

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2009
Actual

FY 2009 Bridge
Supplemental

FY 2009
Supplemental

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2010
Supplemental
Request

FY 2011
Request

250,000 101,000 133,000 420,000 200,000 450,000

Program Overview

FY 2011 funding will allow INL to conduct programs that are at the top of the Administration’s national security priorities, as well as those of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA). Despite Afghan progress in reducing opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan by approximately 22% to 123,000 hectares, availability of alternative sources of income, and increased public information about the perils of poppy, the drug trade continues to undermine economic reconstruction and weaken democratic governance based on the rule of law, and poses a threat to regional stability. Critical FY 2011 counternarcotics requirements include expanding interdiction and drug demand reduction activities into additional provinces, and strengthening the political will of the central and provincial governments to increase support for licit agriculture. In rule of law issues, progress is evident in the development of a Constitution, governmental mechanisms and agencies that support justice reform. However, more needs to be done in the areas of protecting women and children, provincially expanding justice institutions and the rule of law, anti-corruption, access to justice, establishing a functioning judiciary, a competent bar, support for women legal professionals, and a safe, secure, and humane corrections system, inter alia. In FY 2011, greater resources will be devoted toward developing policy evaluation and monitoring mechanisms to address the increasing complexity and cost of these program initiatives.

Program Goals and Objectives

The 2009-2011 Counternarcotics (CN) Strategy for Afghanistan supports the Administration’s Afghanistan-Pakistan Strategy, and continues to support Afghanistan’s National Drug Control Strategy’s key priorities, focusing on reducing the drug trade by interdicting drug traffickers and disrupting their networks, reducing the demand for drugs, and building the capacity of the GIRoA’s counternarcotics institutions.

INL’s Administration of Justice program supports Afghanistan’s National Justice Sector Strategy and the U.S. Government’s strategic goals for justice and corrections system reform in Afghanistan. The program also supports the Afghanistan and Pakistan Regional Stabilization Strategy’s key initiatives to Strengthen Afghan Governance and Enhance Afghan Rule of Law.

Objective 1: Disrupt and dismantle narcotics-insurgent-corruption nexus targets. Enhance the capacity and sustainability of specialized investigative and interdiction units of the Counter Narcotics Police of Afghanistan (CNPA) to collect intelligence, target drug traffickers and disrupt processing operations and trafficking networks.

Objective 2: Increase support for the GIRoA’s demand reduction and treatment programs. Increase support for residential and outpatient drug treatment facilities, particularly for women and children. Continue working with GIRoA Ministries and specialized international organizations to coordinate and implement a national drug abuse prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation program.

Objective 3: Support sub-national supply reduction programs. Support provincial Afghan-led supply reduction efforts including anti-drug information campaigning and governor-led eradication (GLE), and support the GIRoA’s Good Performers Initiative (GPI) to incentivize provincial governors’ CN activities, and reinforce consistent CN messaging at the local and provincial levels.

Objective 4: Improve counternarcotics strategic communications. Integrate counternarcotics communications with other information and public diplomacy efforts; enhance the effectiveness of the Ministry of Counter Narcotics’ outreach and public information efforts; and support the development of a comprehensive year-round public information pre-planting campaign.

Objective 5: Combat corruption and expand access to justice. Tackle the pervasive culture of impunity and improve and expand access to the state justice sector, by increasing gender justice capacity and reducing corruption in the sector’s institutions. Also, help build public awareness and demand for rule of law and individual legal rights.

Objective 6: Develop a corrections system that meets international standards. Help rebuild a safe, secure, and humane Afghan corrections system that meets international standards and Afghan cultural requirements, including focusing on deradicalization, women, reintegration, and rehabilitation of insurgent inmates.

Objective 7: Develop institutional capacity in the justice sector. Build the leadership capacity of the Afghan government justice sector officials, including the Ministry of Justice and the Attorney General’s Office, and the capacity of justice institutions to provide efficient and equitable services.

FY 2011 Program

Counternarcotics Support

Supply Reduction

Governor Led Eradication: INL provides financial reimbursement support for provincial government eradication planning and execution through a joint U.S.-UK program to reimburse governors for UNODC-verified eradication, and will also support provincial governors’ information campaigns. This is an ongoing project.

Alternative Development

Good Performers Initiative continues to deliver development assistance to provinces that have successfully reduced and eliminated poppy growth, and will require increased resources to keep the current number poppy free, while adding provinces – until such time that development programs can create sustainable licit economic alternatives. GPI awards will be used towards provincial incentives such as building and/or renovating schools, planting orchards, establishing greenhouses, provisions of tractors and ambulances, and constructing canals and irrigation systems, and to provide immediate stop-gap assistance, such as wheat seed and generators to communities that choose not to grow poppy. This is an ongoing project.

Verification: Funds will support UNODC’s cultivation, verification and assessment surveys, including its Annual Opium Survey, which serves as the basis for GPI awards, and will also support its trends monitoring and drug research capabilities. This is an ongoing project.

Aviation Support

Aviation Support funds will continue to provide mission support to counternarcotics interdiction and supply reduction programs, and to provide safe and professional air transport and logistics support on an as-needed, as available basis to all the INL-supported programs including counternarcotics, rule of law, law enforcement and related efforts by funding the operations and maintenance costs for INL-owned and -leased aircraft. These funds are not intended for aircraft procurement. This is an ongoing project.

Drug Enforcement - Interdiction

Interdiction funds will continue to focus on disrupting and dismantling drug trafficking organizations and networks by continuing operations & maintenance support to existing and new CNPA facilities, including life support, mentoring and capacity building of the CNPA vetted units, and their specialized teams. Funds will support a larger CNPA force in addition to new forward operating bases for the CNPA’s specialized units as well as support to international organizations for projects in support of interdiction activities. This is an ongoing project.

Demand Reduction & Public Information

Demand Reduction projects will expand treatment capacity and continue development towards a nation-wide treatment delivery system, including specialized programs for women and their children, and adolescents ages 13-16; and expand from 16 to 31 drug treatment centers strategically located throughout the country. Funds will also provide specialized training for Afghan addictions counselors on treatment management techniques and clinical methods. This is an ongoing project.

Counter Narcotics Public Information campaigns will continue the national and grassroots campaigns to expand public information training for local government officials in order to have a national media reach, with a special focus on local leaders, farmers, women and youth, as well as continue to develop the Ministry of Counter Narcotics’ evaluation and monitoring capacity as they take increased responsibility and ownership of national CNPI campaigns. This is an ongoing project.

The contract for the current Counter Narcotics Advisory Teams program will be allowed to expire in June 2010. The replacement program will have the overarching goal of capacity building within the Afghan Ministry of Counter Narcotics (MCN), but will be significantly refocused and reoriented to reflect current U.S. policy priorities, particularly following the end of support for large-scale eradication. Under the new program, public information outreach will be expanded from 7 to 13 provinces where the MCN has a presence, and will transition INL support from a contractor-led to an Afghan-led program.

Administration of Justice

Justice System Development

Justice Sector Support Program will continue to provide capacity building efforts with the Attorney General’s Office, the Ministry of Justice, and the Supreme Court. Training and mentoring of police, prosecutors, judges, and defense attorneys will continue and expand to more provinces. This is an ongoing project.

Support to National Security Prosecution Efforts will continue to provide training, technical assistance, infrastructure and operational support to prosecutors and judges handling Afghan National Security cases. This is an ongoing project.

INL Justice Grants Program will support the work of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), including Afghan NGOs, in promoting access to justice and public awareness of legal rights and the concept of rule of law, and also foster legal education initiatives, and support programs focused on helping women and children, including issues of gender based and domestic violence. This is a new project.

Corrections System Development

Funds would largely continue ongoing mentoring and training efforts, including mentors at virtually all provincial prisons as well as special teams focusing on capacity building; deradicalization, reintegration, and rehabilitation; Pol-i-Charkhi, Afghanistan’s central prison; and programs for women and juveniles. This is an ongoing project.

Funds will build the Ministry of Justice’s capacity to operate the Detention Facility in Parwan (DFIP), which is scheduled to be transferred to MOJ control in January 2014. INL will begin the long-term effort to build MOJ capacity to safely, securely, and humanely run this facility by training of new correctional officers and executive correctional leaders to securely operate this national security corrections facility. This is a new project.

INL will continue to address the most critical infrastructure needs related to external security, internal prison management, and meeting the minimum international standards for the health and well being of inmates. INL’s Corrections Sector Support Program (CSSP) initiatives, advisors and equipment support will be expanded to more district detention centers as the military’s clearing effort continues. This is an ongoing project.

Counter-Narcotics Justice & Anti-Corruption

Funds will support training and mentoring of specially vetted Afghan units focused on combating narcotics and corruption by mentoring and training prosecutors and investigators who prepare and try drug cases and are focused on trying corruption cases, and will also provide security to judicial officers involved in high profile cases. This is an ongoing project.

Trafficking in Persons

Funds will build capacity to investigate and prosecute human trafficking cases, support technical assistance and training of government officials to improve protection and assistance services to victims of trafficking, as well as enhancing data collection, management and reporting. This is an ongoing project.

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Afghanistan
INL Budget
($000)

FY 2009
Bridge
Supp

FY 2009

FY 2009
Supp

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2010
Supp
Request

FY 2011
Request

Counternarcotics Support
Supply Reduction (1) 45,000 152,000 17,000 35,000 5,000
Sustainable Alternative
Development (2)
- - 23,000 40,000 45,000
Aviation Support (3) - - - 95,000 100,000
Drug Enforcement - Interdiction - 21,000 - 58,596 22,000 48,596
Demand Reduction & Public
Information
- 22,000 6,000 20,000 2,000 42,000
SubTotal 45,000 195,000 46,000 248,596 24,000 240,596
Administration of Justice
Justice System Development 23,400 22,000 25,000 82,000 63,000 98,000
Corrections System Development 31,600 19,000 46,000 65,000 85,000 80,000
Counter-Narcotics Justice &
Anti-Corruption
- 4,000 - 8,000 25,000 12,000
Protect Women and Girls - 11,000 - -
SubTotal 55,000 45,000 82,000 155,000 173,000 190,000
Trafficking in Persons and Migrant - - - 1,404 - 1,404
Smuggling
Program Development & Support
U.S. Personnel 500 6,000 1,500 8,000 8,800
Non-U.S. Personnel 500 1,200 - 3,200 3,200
ICASS Costs - 1,800 - 2,300 4,500
Program Support - 1,000 3,500 1,500 3,000 1,500
SubTotal 1,000 10,000 5,000 15,000 3,000 18,000
Total 101,000 250,000 133,000 420,000 200,000 450,000
(1) In FY 2009 Supply Reduction encompassed PEF, GLE, CNAT, GPI, Aviation and Verification programs. FY 2010 Supply Reduction encompasses only GLE, Verification and CNAT, ending support to PEF, and separating GPI and Aviation into separate lines. FY 2011 Supply Reduction encompasses only GLE. Funding for GPI, Verification, CNAT and Aviation are reflected in separate lines.
(2) Sustainable Alternative Development in FY 2011 includes GPI & Quick Impact programs and Verification activities which were included under Crop Control/Eradication in FY 2009 and prior years.
(3) Aviation Support provides aviation services to all INL programs in Afghanistan including Counternarcotics, Administration of Justice, including both Justice and Corrections, and Civilian Law Enforcement (Police). This was included under Supply Reduction in FY 2009 and prior years.

Bangladesh

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
200 350 850

Program Overview

As Bangladesh returned to democracy after two years of an Army-supported caretaker government, the United States is looking to promote democratic stability and regional cooperation as a foundation for countering extremism and terrorism. Weak rule of law and delivery of police services have allowed space for transnational and domestic criminal and other illicit activities. An effective criminal justice system is required to address threats and support good governance. The INL assistance program has supported an inter-agency community-policing initiative and proposed activities will support broader justice system reform efforts.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Bangladesh program supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan priorities of Denial of Space to Extremism through Rule of Law and Provision of Basic Services and INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goal Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: To improve prosecutorial and judicial training and skills development, develop better use of criminal procedure tools, and provide recommendations for improving the operations of the criminal justice system.

FY 2011 Program

Justice Reform

Legal Advisors will provide training and mentoring for prosecutors and judges to support skills development. Efforts will be made to increase efficiencies and transparency of the judicial process that will lead to a reduction in the large backlog of cases and improve the rates of prosecutions and convictions. The program may include, but is not limited to, introducing recommendations for improvements in substantive and procedural law, and legislation to establish depoliticized, independent prosecutorial and judicial services. This is an ongoing project.

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If a scroll bar appears below the following table, swipe the table to move left/right of the dashed line.
Bangladesh

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Law Enforcement Development 200

-

-

Justice Reform

320 820
Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel - - -

Non-U.S. Personnel - - -

ICASS Costs - - -

Program Support - 30 30

SubTotal - 30 30
Total 200 350 850

Nepal

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
330 3,700 3,700

Program Overview

Nepal emerged from armed conflict in 2006 and set down a tumultuous path to establish a peaceful and democratic state. The country continues to face challenges to its stability as its state security and justice institutions remain weak. Efforts that support security development and enhance the rule of law throughout the country are a priority. INL assistance programs have supported election security and provided infrastructure development and training for Nepal’s police forces, while fostering engagement between police and civil society to identify shared concerns and devise strategies to strengthen law and order. It is in the United States’ interest to support efforts that aid Nepal to resolve its complex governance issues and help diminish lawlessness and a return to conflict.

Program Goals and Objectives

The Nepal program supports the host government’s Security Sector Reform strategy. The Nepal program also supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan goal priority of Peace and Stability, and INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goal of Building Criminal Justice Systems.

Objective 1: To assist with building the capacity of law enforcement institutions to improve response and processing of crime scenes, improve information sharing, and assist with institution planning, training, and infrastructure improvements.

Objective 2: To provide guidance on legislative drafting and promoting rule of law through training of legal professionals, police, and civil society actors.

FY 2011 Program

Law Enforcement Reform

Law Enforcement Training Project expands the capacity of the Nepal Police and Armed Police Force by providing training, technical assistance, and equipment donations at selected sites and coordinates with various stakeholders to support long-term institution planning and development. Assistance is delivered through a law enforcement advisor and technical experts. This is an ongoing project.

Justice Reform

Justice Sector Reform Project will assist the Government of Nepal in a number of areas, which may include, but are not limited to, the provision of legal advisors or other experts; legislative drafting and case management development with legal professionals; supporting police-prosecutor cooperation; and promoting rule of law initiatives at the local level through training of prosecutors, police, magistrates, local authorities, and civil society. This is an ongoing project.

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If a scroll bar appears below the following table, swipe the table to move left/right of the dashed line.

Nepal

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Law Enforcement Reform 330 2,600 2,585
Justice Reform

1,070 1,085
Program Development & Support

U.S. Personnel - - -

Non-U.S. Personnel - - -

ICASS Costs - - -

Program Support - 30 30

SubTotal - 30 30
Total 330 3,700 3,700

Pakistan

Budget Summary ($000)


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FY 2009 Actual FY 2009 Supp FY 2010 Estimate FY 2010 Supp Request FY 2011 Request
22,000 65,500 130,000 40,000 140,000


Program Overview

Left unchecked, terrorism, organized crime, militant extremism, and narcotics trafficking foster corruption and undermine the rule of law. The Government of Pakistan (GOP) has demonstrated an increased commitment to combating these threats and has recently signaled a greater desire for coordination with the U.S. Government on counternarcotics and law enforcement development. INL training, technical assistance, and materiel resources for Pakistan’s civilian security entities strengthen and enhance the GOP’s ability to address potentially destabilizing forces. U.S. government funding for INL’s Pakistan program is a vital element in achieving a priority U.S. national security goal of preventing the consolidation of al-Qaeda in Pakistan and Afghanistan by disrupting, dismantling, and defeating al-Qaeda, the Taliban, other militant groups, and denying their safe haven in Pakistan.

Program Goals and Objectives

INL’s Pakistan program supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan priorities of Law Enforcement Reform and Counternarcotics and Counterterrorism/Counterinsurgency as well as INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goals of Counternarcotics and Criminal Justice Sector Capacity Building and Security Sector Reform. The program also supports the Government of Pakistan’s Drug Control Master Plan for 2010-2014.

Objective 1: Further enhance Pakistani control over the border with Afghanistan and Iran in order to interdict narcotics traffickers, militants, other criminals, and illicit goods.

Objective 2: Strengthen law enforcement capabilities of the GOP to prevent, investigate, and respond to criminal and militant activity and preserve law and order.

Objective 3: Expand ability of the Government of Pakistan to deter opium poppy cultivation and interdict narcotics trafficking.

FY 2011 Program

Border Security Program

Aviation: will support the Ministry of Interior (MOI) Air Wing that provides flight and maintenance training and operational support to Pakistani security agencies fighting extremism and criminality in challenging terrain. The program will also support aircraft at a forward operating location in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) to conduct operations into the Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in addition to the current facility in Quetta. Aircraft supported by this program are critical to Pakistani law enforcement operations against traffickers, militants, and criminals.

Law Enforcement/Judicial System Program

Law Enforcement Assistance: Funds will be used to support provincial police development programs for Balochistan, Punjab, Sindh, and the KP, as well as other law enforcement entities such as the FATA Levies. The program will continue the provision of training, technical assistance, infrastructure support, and equipment that will build police professionalism, survivability, mobility, and communications capacity; expand investigative skills; enhance leadership and training institutions; provide civil disturbance management; and support courses on human rights in civilian policing.

Rule of Law: Funds will provide training and technical assistance to strengthen judicial reform, support anti-money laundering efforts, and build the capacity of prosecutors.

Counternarcotics Program

Crop Control: Activities will support high-value, legitimate crops as an alternative to poppy. Funds will also be used for provide small water schemes and road construction in former poppy-growing areas.

Interdiction: Funds will be used to provide training and operational support to Pakistani entities responsible for combating the narcotics trade.

Demand Reduction: Programs will support treatment, outreach, and drop-in centers that promote drug awareness and provide treatment and rehabilitation for drug addicts.

Operational Support to Law Enforcement agencies: Funds will maintain the mobility of Pakistan’s civilian law enforcement agencies and their ability to sustain operational tempo.

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If a scroll bar appears below the following table, swipe the table to move left/right of the dashed line.
Pakistan

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2009
Supp

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2010
Supp
Request

FY 2011
Request

Border Security Program

Aviation 11,000 26,000 52,000

42,500

Infrastructure/Commodities 1,000 - -

Training/Training Materials 200 - -

-

SubTotal 12,200 26,000 52,000

42,500

Law Enforcement/Judicial
Systems

Law Enforcement Reform 3,000 37,500 64,600 32,000 80,000

Rule of Law 1,500 - 2,000 4,000 3,000

SubTotal 4,500 37,500 66,600 36,000 83,000
Counternarcotics Program

Crop Control 1,000 - 2,000

3,000

Interdiction 750 - 2,000

3,000

Demand Reduction 500 - 1,500

1,500

Ops Support to LE Agencies 1,250 - 1,500

2,000

SubTotal 3,500 - 7,000

9,500

Program Development &
Support

U.S. Personnel 700

2,000

2,300

Non-U.S. Personnel 320

600

700

ICASS Costs 380

1,000

1,100

Program Support 400

800 4,000 900

SubTotal 1,800 2,000 4,400 4,000 5,000
Total 22,000 65,500 130,000 40,000 140,000

Sri Lanka

Budget Summary ($000)

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FY 2009 Actual FY 2010 Estimate FY 2011 Request
20 - 1,600

Program Overview

The end of armed conflict has presented opportunities for increased U.S. engagement in Sri Lanka. Years of violence and unrest have resulted in a lack of public confidence toward Sri Lanka’s criminal justice system which offsets the Government of Sri Lanka’s ability to achieve long-term peace. U.S. assistance funds will establish law enforcement and rule of law development programs in Sri Lanka to increase the capabilities and capacity of the police and judicial systems, ultimately strengthening Sri Lanka’s ability to partner in regional maritime security and global peacekeeping initiatives.

Program Goals and Objectives

INL’s Sri Lanka program will build on the current 1207 project being implemented by the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) which assists the Government of Sri Lanka (GSL) to create an effective, equitable partnership between regional government, the security forces (including the Sri Lanka National Police), and citizens. The Sri Lanka program supports the embassy’s FY 2011 Mission Strategic Plan priorities of Advocate for Human Rights and Security, Strengthen Democratic Institutions, and Identify the U.S. as a Credible, Positive Actor in Sri Lankan Affairs, and INL’s FY 2011 Bureau Strategic Plan goals of Building Criminal Justice Systems and Transnational Crime.

Objective 1: Enhance the Government’s security sector capabilities and technical competencies through programs focused on governance, capacity building, community, anti-corruption, and managing organizational change in order to meet international standards.

Objective 2: Establish rule of law programs in Sri Lanka to strengthen the capabilities and capacity of the judiciary and administrators in the criminal justice system.

FY 2011 Program

Law Enforcement

Funds will be used to collaborate with law enforcement entities in order to provide fundamental assistance in capacity building. This is a new initiative.

Rule of Law

Funds will work with the criminal justice system in order to improve capacity and competency. This is a new initiative.

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Sri Lanka

INL Budget

($000)

FY 2009

FY 2010
Estimate

FY 2011
Request

Law Enforcement - - 775
Rule of Law - - 775
Program Development and Support

U.S. Personnel - - -

Non-U.S. Personnel - - -

ICASS Costs - - -

Program Support 20 - 50

SubTotal 20 - 50
Total 20 - 1,600

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