Building on more than 20 years of cooperation in the field of nature conservation, China and the United States have agreed to enhance their cooperation on nature reserves/protected areas focusing in particular on:

  • Building nature reserve and protected area management capacity
  • Improving habitat conservation, restoration, monitoring, and wildlife reintroduction, and evaluation programs in China, especially related to damage caused by natural disasters
  • Expanding scientific cooperation and understanding
  • Strengthening cooperation in public outreach related to nature reserves and protected areas.
  • Jointly initiating development of model nature reserves; and promoting additional nature reserves development in China based on this model
  • Building eco-partnerships in biodiversity conservation among parks, nature reserves, research institutions and universities


To achieve the above outcomes, China and the United States will work cooperatively as follows:

1. Expand information sharing and technical expert exchanges:


o Co-host workshop focused on restoration and increased ecological resiliency to fire and other natural disasters.

o Chinese nature reserve management staff participates in various U.S. agency volunteer programs, including the NPS International Volunteers in Parks program, related to forest and native plant restoration.

o Staff exchange from Chinese provincial and national agencies to participate in the work of National Park or National Wildlife Refuge management in U.S

o Visit U.S. sites that illustrate post-disaster reconstruction and restoration of protected areas, particularly in forest habitat restoration.

o Co-host an international workshop on reconstruction and forest restoration in Hunan Province in response to the ice-snow disaster.

o Exchange technical expertise on modeling fire and restoration needs.


  • Exchange information on nature reserve partnership opportunities and various U.S. training programs, including the Sister Parks Program, and joint research centers for nature reserve management
  • Exchange information on management policies, park planning, and concessions management related to building capacity for park management.

o Chinese professionals participate in volunteer activities in U.S. parks, refuges, and forests.

o Exchange of staff to participate in the work of National Park and National Wildlife Refuge management

Invasive alien species

o Train provincial staff in aerial sketch mapping techniques, especially related to invasive alien species, and demonstrate the use of the PLANTS database (http://plants.usda.gov) as an example of information exchange and analyses.

Public Outreach

o U.S. provides models and methods for public outreach for China’s reference.

o Create contact directory for all participating agencies/personnel.

o Prepare and implement a public outreach project.

2. Initiate projects to enhance nature reserve and protected areas management and habitat conservation, restoration, monitoring and evaluation.

o Develop a demonstration project on designing nature reserve and protected area management plans, including zoning schemes and concessions management.

o Create a provincial invasive alien species program.

o Train professional staff in field surveys of wildlife species and habitat quality.

o Participate in natural resources and stewardship programs, including inventory and monitoring.

3. Initiate joint projects and scientific cooperation to enhance the conservation and management of endangered species.

o Enhance information exchange between technical institutions of both parties on identification technology and methods for detecting wildlife and wildlife products, to improve wildlife conservation and management, in particular on endangered species.

o Host exchanges of staff and scientists to learn the practices, experiences and technology on emergency rescue, restoration and reintroduction of endangered wildlife populations.

4. Conduct joint scientific research

o Develop science-based protocols for the successful reintroduction of endangered species.

o Exchange information on tracking technology for selected wildlife species, especially, satellite tracking technology.

o Designing and establishing nature reserves and protected areas and connective corridors between reserves.

o Collaborate on research the response of nature reserves to the global climate changes.

5. Disseminate experiences and best practices

o Establish a web-based exchange of best practices among nature reserve and protected area rangers and managers.

o Jointly develop training materials related to habitat restoration.

o Disseminate best practices among park rangers and managers through web-based list-serve exchanges.

o Exchange information related to developing ecotourism through study tours, email exchange, and/or access to on line training courses.

o Establish of list serves, websites and other web-based outreach tools.

o Develop community monitoring program for species numeration and ecosystem health.

o Demonstrate how the work of wildlife refuges/reserves can be more effectively carried out through use of volunteers and by establishment of “Friends” groups to support outreach activities.

o Collaborate on development of training materials (CDs, DVDs, brochures, etc.) on forest health restoration.

o Promote a system for monitoring economic, environmental and social indicators in areas surrounding current nature reserves.

o Develop training programs on ecotourism.

o Establish/expand teacher training courses on value of protection of natural habitats and wildlife, including endangered species.


The Ten-Year Action Plan will be divided into three phases. The effectiveness of the Action Plan will be evaluated every other year (biennially).

Phase I (Years 1-3):

Collaborate on information and personnel exchanges, joint projects and research and capacity building.

Phase II: Years 4-7

Management exchanges, training, and scientific collaboration begun under Phase I continue as appropriate.

Phase III: Years 8-10

Communication and outreach mechanisms in place to continue dissemination of best practices and facilitate continued collaboration.



· Review “Protocol on Cooperation and Exchanges in the Field of Conservation of Nature between the Department of the Interior of the United States of America and the State Forestry Administration of the People’s Republic of China” of [date], in particular Annex 10 2008-2010, to identify opportunities to enhance cooperation on nature reserves/protected areas. China lead: SFA U.S. lead: DOI

· Review other existing bilateral agreements/arrangements to determine if they provide a framework for increased cooperation on protected areas. China lead: SFA U.S. lead: U.S. Department of State

· Exchange information on Sister Parks Program, and various U.S. training programs available to Chinese participants. China lead: SFA U.S. lead: DOI

· Teacher training course on the value of protecting habitats and wildlife offered. China lead: SFA U.S. lead: Smithsonian

· Create contact directory for participating agencies and personnel to promote bilateral institutional connections. China lead: SFA U.S. lead: DOI

· Training course on planning, design and implementation of nature reserves. China lead: SFA U.S. lead: DOI

· Host Chinese staff and scientists to learn the reintroduction of endangered bird species into nature reserves and associated tracking technology. China lead: SFA U.S. lead: DOI

· Develop science-based protocols for the successful reintroduction of endangered species into the wild. China lead: SFA U.S. lead: DOI