Counternarcotics and Law Enforcement Country Program: Sudan
Established in 2005, the INL program in Sudan focuses on two main components. The first is the development of a Southern Sudanese criminal justice sector to better support the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, maintain security, and enhance governance. INL seeks to support the Government of Southern Sudan in its provision of security and peace benefits for the Southern Sudanese people through comprehensive development and capacity building of legitimate criminal justice sector institutions in Southern Sudan. The second component consists of support to two distinct United Nations (UN) missions in their efforts to provide security and stability in Sudan through civilian policing. INL supports the UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) to mentor, train, and equip local police to help develop them into an effective, transparent, and legitimate police force. INL supports the civilian police mandate of the UN-AU Mission in Darfur to maintain peace and security through protection of civilians.
- Transnational Crime Affairs Section (TCAS) Director: The TCAS Director in Juba serves as INL’s primary program manager and policy expert in the field and is responsible for coordinating all INL programs in Sudan.
- Police Pillar: INL support of the Southern Sudan Police Service (SSPS) has been focused on the organizational growth and development of the service, especially relative to training capacity. INL also seeks to assist the SSPS in their strategic planning capacity, specifically relative to organizational growth and development, emergency planning, and their interface with other security sector institutions in Southern Sudan. Over all, it is the goal of INL to assist the SSPS in their development as a provider of security as a public good, and in their responsiveness to the needs of the Southern Sudanese public.
- Judicial Pillar: INL funds a Resident Legal Advisor who assists with the development of legal education materials, as well as INL interactions with the Ministry of Legal Affairs and Constitutional Development.
- Corrections Pillar: Through a partnership with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), INL has provided assistance to the Southern Sudan Corrections Service focusing on health and hygiene, training of corrections officers, and the exploration of alternatives to imprisonment within the Southern Sudanese legal context. Additionally, INL has provided direct support to the improvement of critical health and sanitation infrastructure to prevent the outbreak of disease and the general improvement of prison conditions.
- Customary Law: INL is working with the U.S. Institute of Peace to complete a field study of dispute resolution at the local level, including how customary law, statutory law, chiefs’ courts, and government courts interact in practice. This research will inform INL program developmentand be made available to the public upon its completion in summer of 2010.
- UNMIS: Through UNMIS, INL-funded civilian police advisors assisted in the training of 3,763 local police on election security since 2009, training on management systems to track SSPS assets, and development of a SSPS personnel database resulting in discovery of 1,000 ghost employees. INL also provided equipment to enhance UNMIS training of the SSPS.
- UNAMID: INL provided equipment and training to formed police units (FPUs) from other countries that provide civilian protection in Darfur. Additionally, INL is working to deploy civilian police advisors to train and mentor in Darfur.
Funding FY 2005-2009
- FY 2005 - $2,000,000 (PKO)
- FY 2006 - $2,500,000 (ESF)
- FY 2007 - $9,800,000 (INCLE)
- FY 2008 - $13,578,000 (INCLE)
- FY 2008 (Supplemental) - $10,000,000 (INCLE)
- FY 2009 - $15,400,000 (INCLE)
- FY 2010 - $16,000,000 (INCLE)
INCLE: International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement funds
ESF: Economic Support Funds transferred from USAID
PKO: Peace-Keeping Operation funds