Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance: Kosovo
For More Information:
Fiscal Year (FY) 2008: $147.15 Million (M) ($146.3M SEED, $.85M Other)
FY 2009 Estimate: $123.7M ($120.1M AEECA, $2.8M Other)**
FY 2010 Request: $105.3M ($100.0M AEECA, $5.3M Other)**
Assistance Goals: The overall goal for United States assistance to Kosovo is to strengthen the country’s nascent institutions and its multi-ethnic democracy, further contributing to regional stability. Assistance priorities include supporting U.S. participation in the European Security and Defense Policy mission (EULEX) and other activities promoting the rule of law, ensuring the development of a democratic and multi-ethnic society, promoting economic development, and supporting Kosovo’s progress toward Euro-Atlantic integration.
Areas of Focus (Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance):
Peace and Security (PS): FY2008: $53.5M; FY2009 Estimate: $40.9M; FY2010 Request: $45.3M
- Advance rule of law and basic security for citizens, mitigate ethnic conflict and build confidence in government institutions;
- Monitor trends that could lead to conflict, facilitate reconciliation and increase informed discussion of the role of minorities in planning for Kosovo’s future;
- Provide technical assistance to basic police services; border security; forensics; police administration management and leadership; training and criminal justice coordination.
Governing Justly and Democratically (GJD): FY2008: $31.9M; FY2009 Estimate: $24.8M; FY2010 Request: $23.8M
- Build the capacity and efficiency of the Ministry of Justice;
- Ensure a stable, inclusive, democratic society with participation of all ethnic communities;
- Establish professional, independent media serving all of Kosovo’s communities.
Investing in People (IIP): FY2008: $16.6M; FY2009 Estimate: $2.8M; FY 2010 Request: $6.8M
- Establish quality prenatal services in primary care as well as introduce improvements in obstetric and neonatal care;
- Support higher education to improve the quality of the workforce.
Economic Growth (EG): FY2008: $43.5M; FY2009 Estimate: $54.6M; FY2010 Request: $28.9M
- Improve the Kosovo Energy Corporation’s billing procedures and internal accounting practices;
- Establish a legal and regulatory environment conducive to investment and the growth of a competitive private sector capable of creating employment;
- Help Kosovo meet its debt burden as the Government implements sustainable fiscal policies.
Humanitarian Assistance (HA): FY2008: $1.5M; FY2009 Estimate: $0.6M; FY2010 Request: $0.5M
- Provide assistance to minority communities and support efforts to build homes for displaced Roma and other returnees.
- Provided small-scale support to over 7,000 private businesses to help them reach sustainability, helping in the issuance of over 1,000 loans worth approximately $50 million and created over 10,000 jobs.
- Helped the Ministry of Education to begin improvement and expansion of school facilities to create better learning conditions for students.
*Division J of the Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 Omnibus Appropriations Act: Department of State Foreign Operations and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2008, including: (SEED), Child Survival and Health (CSH), Non-proliferation, Anti-terrorism, De-mining and Related programs (NADR), IMET and Foreign Military Financing (FMF).
**Estimate from FY 2009 Congressional Budget Justification; Website: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/124072.pdf.
- Pie Chart: For estimated Fiscal Year 2009, forty-four percent of U.S. assistance to Kosovo went to the objective of Economic Growth (EG), thirty-three percent went to Peace and Security (PS), twenty percent went to Governing Justly and Democratically (GJD), two percent went to Investing in People (IIP), and one percent went to Humanitarian Assistance (HA).
- The Bar Graph covers U.S. assistance to Kosovo from 1998-2009:
- In Fiscal Year 1998: 3.1 Million dollars in Support for Eastern European Democracies (SEED) assistance was given to Kosovo; and 0.0 Million dollars in other United States Government (USG) assistance was given
- Fiscal Year 1999: SEED: 82.62 Million dollars; other USG: 9.9 Million dollars
- Fiscal Year 2000: SEED: 168.0 Million dollars; other USG: 168.0 dollars
- Fiscal Year 2001: SEED: 79.05 Million dollars; other USG: 70.62 Million dollars
- Fiscal Year 2002: SEED: 118.0 Million dollars; other USG: 0.0 dollars
- Fiscal Year 2003: SEED: 85.0 Million dollars; other USG: 0.04 Million dollars
- Fiscal Year 2004: SEED: 79.05 Million dollars; other USG: 8.75 Million dollars
- Fiscal Year 2005: SEED: 79.6 Million dollars; other USG: 1.44 Million dollars
- Fiscal Year 2006: SEED: 80.47 Million dollars; other USG: 3.22 Million dollars
- Fiscal Year 2007: SEED: 77.7 Million dollars; other USG: 0.05 Million dollars 2007 Supplemental: SEED: 189.0 Million dollars; other USG: 0.0 Million dollars
- Fiscal Year 2008: SEED: 146.3 Million dollars; other USG: 0.85 Million dollars
- Fiscal Year 2009: AEECA: 120.0 Million dollars; other USG: 2.8 Million dollars