TREATIES AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ACTS SERIES 12993

ENVIRONMENTAL COOPERATION

GLOBE Program


Agreement Between the
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
and CAMEROON

Signed at Yaoundé November 6, 1998

with

Appendices


NOTE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Pursuant to Public Law 89—497, approved July 8, 1966
(80 Stat. 271; 1 U.S.C. 113)—

“. . .the Treaties and Other International Acts Series issued
under the authority of the Secretary of State shall be competent
evidence . . . of the treaties, international agreements other than
treaties, and proclamations by the President of such treaties and
international agreements other than treaties, as the case may be,
therein contained, in all the courts of law and equity and of maritime
jurisdiction, and in all the tribunals and public offices of the
United States, and of the several States, without any further proof
or authentication thereof.”

CAMEROON

Environmental Cooperation: GLOBE Program

Agreement signed at Yaoundé November 6, 1998;
Entered into force November 6, 1998.
With appendices.

Agreement between
the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
of the United States of America and
the Ministry of National Education of the Republic of Cameroon
for Cooperation in
the Globe Program.
PREAMBLE
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, acting on
behalf of itself and other U.S. Government agencies participating in
the Globe Program (herein after, the U.S. side), and the Ministry of
National Education for the Republic of Cameroon (herein after, the
Cameroonian side),
Intending to increase the awareness of students throughout the world
about the global environment,
Seeking to contribute to increased scientific understanding of the
Earth, and
Desiring to support improved student achievement in science and
mathematics,
Have agreed to cooperate in the Global Learning and Observations to
Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program as follows:
ARTICLE 1- THE GLOBE PROGRAM
The GLOBE Program is an international environmental science and
education program that brings students , teachers, and scientists
together to study the global environment. GLOBE has created an
international network of students at primary, middle and secondary
school levels studying environmental issues, making environmental
measurements, and sharing useful environmental data with one
another and the international science community.
ARTICLE 2 - RESPECTIVE RESPONSIBILITIES 2
A. The U.S. side will;
1. Identify U.S. schools that will participate in the GLOBE
Program (details regarding Globe schools in Appendix A);
2. Select, in consultation with international scientists and
educators, the GLOBE environmental measurements and types
of measurement equipment (described in Appendix B);
3. Select Principal Investigator Teams for the GLOBE
environmental measurements, and support the U.S. members
of the Teams;
4. Develop, in consultation with international scientists and
educators, GLOBE educational materials;
5. Translate GLOBE instructional materials related to
measurement procedures and data reporting protocols into the
six United Nations languages, and provide a copy of these plus
all broader GLOBE educational materials to the Cameroonian
side for further reproduction as necessary;
6. Conduct regional training sessions for GLOBE Country
Coordinator and GLOBE teachers in Cameroon;
7. Design, develop, operate, and maintain GLOBE data processing
capabilities and other necessary technology and equipment;
8. Provide GLOBE software, as necessary, for use on
Cameroonian GLOBE school computers (To the extent
possible, textual material appearing on computer screens will
be accessible in the student's choice among the six United
Nations languages.);
9. Accept environmental data reported from GLOBE schools
around the world, and develop and provide resultant global
environmental images to .the Cameroonian side; and
10. Evaluate the overall GLOBE Program periodically, in
consultation with international GLOBE Country Coordinators,
and modify the overall program as appropriate.
B. The Cameroonian side will:
1. Identify Cameroonian schools that will participate in the
GLOBE Program (details regarding Globe schools in Appendix
A) and provide an updated list of Cameroonian GLOBE
schools to the U.S. side at the beginning of each school year;
2. Ensure that Cameroonian GLOBE schools conduct the
fundamental activities of GLOBE schools detailed in Appendix A
(take GLOBE environmental measurements, report data, and
receive and use resultant global environmental images, using
GLOBE educational materials under the guidance of teachers
trained to conduct the GLOBE Program);
3. Name a Cameroonian Government Point of Contact responsible
for policy-level communications with the Director of the
GLOBE Program;
4. Name a Country Coordinator responsible for day-to-day
management, oversight, and facilitation of the GLOBE Program
in Cameroon;
5. Ensure that the Country Coordinator and some GLOBE
teachers attend GLOBE regional training and in turn provide
GLOBE training to at least one teacher in each Cameroonian
GLOBE school;
6. Ensure that GLOBE instructional materials related to
measurement procedures and data reporting protocols are
utilized in Cameroonian GLOBE schools, and that broader
GLOBE educational materials are appropriately translated,
adapted, reproduced, and distributed to all Cameroonian
GLOBE schools;
7. Ensure that the measurement equipment used by GLOBE
schools to take GLOBE environmental measurements meets
GLOBE specifications (described in Appendix B);
8. Ensure that teachers and students at Cameroonian GLOBE
schools calibrate GLOBE measurement equipment according to
procedures provided in GLOBE instructional materials;
9. Ensure that Cameroonian GLOBE schools have the necessary
computer and communications systems to allow
Internet/Word Wide Web access in order to report GLOBE
environmental measurements and to receive and use GLOBE
environmental images; if such computer and communications
systems are not available in Cameroonian schools, make
agreed alternative arrangements for such reporting and
receipt (AT a minimum, the Cameroonian Country
Coordinator will need access to the Internet so that all
measurement data from Cameroonian GLOBE schools will be
reported via Internet.); and
10. Evaluate GLOBE operations in Cameroon periodically and
assist the U.S. side in conducting periodic evaluation of the
overall GLOBE Program. 3
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ARTICLE 3 - FINANCIAL ARRANGEMENTS
Each side will bear the costs of fulfilling its respective responsibilities
under this agreement. Obligations of each side pursuant to this
agreement are subject to its respective funding procedures and the
availability of appropriated funds, personnel, and other resources.
The conduct of activities under this agreement will be consistent with
the relevant laws and regulations of the United States and Cameroon.
ARTICLE 4 - EXCHANGE OF DATA AND GOODS
GLOBE environmental measurement data, global environmental
images, software, and educational materials will be available
worldwide without restriction as to their use or redistribution.
ARTICLE - 5- RELEASE OF INFORMATION ABOUT THE GLOBE
PROGRAM
Each side may release information on the GLOBE Program as it may
deem appropriate without prior consultation with the other.
ARTICLE 6 - CUSTOMS AND IMMIGRATION
Each side will use its best efforts to facilitate the movement of persons
and goods into U.S. and Cameroonian territory and to accord entry to
such goods into U.S. and Cameroonian territory free of customs
duties and other similar charges, as is necessary to implement this
agreement, to the extent permitted by the laws and regulations of the
United States and Cameroon.
ARTICLE 7 - DURATION
This agreement will enter into force upon signature of the two sides
and will remain in force for five years. It will be automatically
extended for further five-year periods, unless either side decides to
terminate it and so notifies the other side with three months written
notice. This agreement may be terminated at any time by either side
upon three months prior written notice to the other side. This
agreement may be amended by written agreement of the two sides.
Done at Yaoundé on the 6th day of November , 1998, in
duplicate, in the English and French languages, both texts being
equally authentic.
5
For the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration:
For the (Organization):
The Minister of State for National Education,
For the Government of the Republic of
Cameroon.
6
APPENDIX A
GLOBE Schools
Each partner country is responsible for identifying its participating
schools. Schools should be selected so as to satisfy the objectives of
the GLOBE Program. In particular, countries should emphasize the
selection of schools that will maximize the number and geographic
distribution of students worldwide participating in the program.
Also, countries should consider involving schools in locations that will
yield measurement data that is important to the international science
community.
Students at all GLOBE schools throughout the world conduct the
following fundamental activities: they make environmental
measurements at or near their schools; report their data to a GLOBE
data processing site; receive vivid graphical global environmental
images created from their data and the data from other GLOBE
schools around the world; and study the environment by relating
their observations and the resulting images to broader
environmental topics. All of these activities are conducted under the
guidance of specially trained teachers (GLOBE-trained teachers).
GLOBE educational materials are used in GLOBE schools under the
guidance of GLOBE-trained teachers. These materials contain
instructional materials detailing procedures for taking environmental
measurements and protocols for reporting data; they also explain the
significance of the measurements, guide the use of the global
environmental images, and integrate the measurement aspects of the
program into a broader study of the environment.
APPENDIX B 7
GLOBE Environmental Measurements and Equipment
GLOBE environmental measurements contribute in a significant way
to the scientific understanding of the dynamics of the global
environment. Every GLOBE school is encouraged to conduct the core
set of GLOBE environmental measurements in the following critical
areas: Atmosphere/Climate, Hydrology, Land Cover/Biology and Soils.
As the GLOBE Program evolves, specialized measurements not
common to all GLOBE schools may be added in order to address local
environmental issues.
Students at all skill levels are active participants in the GLOBE
Program. The actual participation is designed so as to be appropriate
for primary, middle and secondary school levels. Younger students
make limited measurements which may be qualitative rather than
quantitative. Older students make additional measurements and
more sophisticated measurements, as appropriate for their skill level.
Measurement equipment is not standardized; rather, functional and
performance specifications are provided for GLOBE instruments.
Following is the list of GLOBE core measurements and equipment.
This list has been developed and will be periodically updated as
provided in Article 2.A.2, based on experience gained in
implementing the GLOBE Program.
MEASUREMENTS EQUIPMENT NEEDED
Atmosphere/Climate:
Air Temperature
Precipitation
Cloud Cover/Type
Hydrology:
Water pH
Water Temperature
Dissolved Oxygen
Alkalinity
Electrical Conductivity
Max/Min Thermometer
Calibration Thermometer
Instrument Shelter
Rain Gauge
Cloud Charts
pH Paper, Pen, or Meter
Organic Liquid-Filled Thermometer
Dissolved Oxygen Kit
Water Alkalinity Kit
Electrode-Type Conductivity Tester
Soils:
Soil Moisture
Soil Characterization
Remote Sensing Image
Multispec Software
Dichotomous Keys
Measuring Tape
Clinometer (Optional)
Densiometer (Optional)
Soil Sample Cans
Augur
Soil Moisture Meter (Optional)
Gypsum Blocks (Optional)
Color Chart
Graduated Cylinders
Augur (Optional)
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Land Cover/Biology:
Land Cover
Species Identification
Biometry
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APPENDIX C
GLOBE Computer and Communications Systems
In order to derive maximum benefit from the GLOBE Program, all
schools are encouraged to use the Internet, along with classroom
computers. The Internet/World Wide Web multi-media information-
access capability has been selected to support the required GLOBE
school activities of data entry, data analysis, and use of global
environmental images.
The diversity of technology accessible by schools worldwide may
require, in some cases, that environmental measurements be
reported via e-mail or in hardcopy and that a variety of media,
including e-mail and hardcopy, be used to distribute global
environmental images. All schools that want to participate in the
program will be accommodated.
Technology associated with the GLOBE Program will continually
evolve to higher levels and participants will be encouraged to
upgrade over time.