Bureau of Resource Management
January 15, 2009

Minimize the human costs of displacement, conflicts, and natural disasters to save lives and alleviate suffering.

I. Public Benefit

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Photo showing a Bangladeshi child receiving a medical exam during humanitarian relief efforts in Sarankhola, Bangladesh.

A Bangladeshi child receives a medical exam during humanitarian relief efforts in Sarankhola, Bangladesh. AP Photo/U.S. Navy, Specialist 3rd Class William S. Parker

The Department of State and USAID are the lead U.S. Government agencies in responding to complex humanitarian emergencies and natural disasters overseas. The United States commitment to humanitarian response demonstrates America’s compassion for victims of natural disasters, armed conflict, forced migration, persecution, human rights violations, widespread health and food insecurity, and other threats. The strength of this commitment derives from both our common humanity and our responsibility as a global leader. It requires urgent responses to emergencies, concerted efforts to address hunger and protracted crises, and planning to build capacity to prevent and mitigate the effects of conflict and disasters.

U.S. humanitarian responses to population displacement and human-made disasters complement efforts to promote democracy and human rights. The United States provides substantial resources and guidance through international and nongovernmental organizations for worldwide humanitarian programs, with the objective of saving lives and minimizing suffering in the midst of crises, increasing access to protection, promoting shared responsibility, and coordinating funding and implementation strategies.

III. Summary of Performance

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FY 2008 Results Achieved for Strategic Goal 5
RatingNumber of IndicatorsPercentage of Indicators
Above target0 0%
On target0 0%
Improved over prior year, but target not met3100%
Below target0 0%
Data not yet available0 0%

Key Selected Achievements

  • The 60,192 refugees resettled in the U.S. represent a 25 percent increase over FY 2007 refugee admissions levels.
  • In FY 2008, 92 percent of foreign governments increased their efforts to detect, investigate, prosecute and prevent trafficking in persons as well as to protect and assist the victims with Department of State-funded anti-trafficking projects.

III. Performance Analysis and Resources Invested

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FY 2008 Budget Authority for Strategic Goal 5
(Dollars in Millions)
Strategic PrioritiesBudget
Protection, Assistance, and Solutions$1,482
Disaster Prevention and Mitigation$ 66
Orderly and Humane Means for Migration Management$ 65

A total of three strategic priorities are included under Strategic Goal 5. The following is an illustrative performance indicators. The complete set of 3 indicators can be found in the Department’s Annual Performance Report at http://www.state.gov/s/d/rm/rls/perfrpt/2008apr/ on page 101.

1. PROTECTION, ASSISTANCE, AND SOLUTIONS: Protect vulnerable populations (e.g., refugees, internally displaced persons, and others affected by natural disasters and human-made crises) from physical harm, persecution, exploitation, abuse, malnutrition, disease, and other threats by providing disaster relief, including food aid, and other humanitarian assistance.

U.S. assistance advances the Humanitarian Assistance goal by protecting these vulnerable populations from physical harm, persecution, exploitation, abuse, malnutrition and disease, family separation, gender-based violence, forcible recruitment, and other threats, to ensure that their full rights as individuals are safe-guarded.

Analysis: Assistance in this area also sustains key foreign policy objectives to promote stability by supporting large-scale returns to Afghanistan, Sudan, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and elsewhere, and provides critical protection and assistance in situations of protracted displacement throughout the world.

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Performance Indicator Target and Results Summary for 2006-2009
Performance Indicator2006
Percentage of Refugees Admitted to the U.S. as a Percentage of the Regional Ceiling Established by Presidential Determination69% of 60,00097% of 50,000100% of 70,00086% of 70,000 (60,192)Yellow: improved, but not met.
Improved, but not met
100% of allocation
Impact(s): Refugees admitted to the United States achieve protection and a durable solution, beginning new lives in communities across the country. Improved accuracy and the overall effectiveness of the U.S. refugee admissions program by tracking whether the numbers of refugees eligible for entry to the U.S. are actually arriving.
Steps to Improve: Deviation from the target was largely due to two factors: delays in the start-up of a major new resettlement program for Bhutanese in Nepal due to political and security issues in the country and uncovering major fraud in the refugee admissions family reunification program which required a suspension of reunification processing in Africa. Bhutanese resettlement start up is now complete, eliminating this delay. The Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM) continues to work with the Department of Homeland Security to address problems of fraud in the African family reunification caseload.
Data Source, Verification, and Validation: The data source is the U.S. Department of State’s Refugee Processing Center. The Department has developed and deployed a standardized computer refugee resettlement case management system. This system, the Worldwide Refugee Admissions Processing System (WRAPS), is a highly structured, centralized database that produces real-time data on the number of refugees admitted to the U.S. Performance data are validated and verified using Data Quality Assessments and must meet five data quality standards of validity, integrity, precision, reliability, and timeliness. Data quality assessments revealed no significant data limitations.

For a complete discussion of the following strategic priorities including performance measures, please refer to the APR.

2. DISASTER PREVENTION AND MITIGATION: Reduce risks, prepare for rapid response, and increase the affected population’s ability to cope with and recover from disasters by building the capacity of affected countries, American responders, and the international community.

3. ORDERLY AND HUMANE MEANS FOR MIGRATION MANAGEMENT: Build the capacity of host governments to manage migration effectively and to ensure full respect for the human rights of vulnerable migrants in accordance with the law.

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