Fact Sheet
Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
January 20, 2009


Challenges

To assist Macedonia to reform and modernize its criminal justice and law enforcement institutions and laws, bringing them to international standards, as well as to meet accession requirements for Euro-Atlantic institutions, such as the European Union and NATO. The adoption of these norms and standards will consolidate the rule of law in Macedonia, which in turn will strengthen its democratic governing institutions, invigorate the private sector, and broadly stabilize the country. Moreover, these efforts will enable Macedonian law enforcement agencies to partner more effectively with U.S. counterparts, thus helping to strengthen U.S. homeland security and minimize the impact of transnational organized crime, narcotics trafficking and terrorism on the U.S.

U.S. Criminal Justice Sector Development Goals

The Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) justice sector assistance seeks to strengthen the capacity of the Ministry of Interior’s (MOI) Organized Crime (OC) Department to conduct and manage complex investigations, for example through implementing special investigative techniques. It also seeks to improve the capacity of Montenegro’s public prosecutors and the Organized Crime Task Force to investigate and prosecute organized crime and other complex crimes. The program provides specialized training to judges, prosecutors, and criminal defense attorneys involved in investigating, prosecuting, adjudicating, and defending serious and complex crimes before the newly-established Special Organized Crime Court. It also encourages legislative reform of the Code of Criminal Procedure and other related laws to improve the effectiveness of the criminal justice sector.

U.S. Law Enforcement Goals

INL law enforcement assistance seeks to strengthen police capacity and professionalism and to improve the performance of police and border security personnel. Program implements will assist the MOI Human Resources Department to modernize the personnel system, such as by implementing internal career development procedures grounded on merit-based promotion principles and criteria. Through working groups, the program will help to establish MOI career development criteria, draft a performance evaluation system for police officers, and draft and develop a public award/appraisal system based on merit and accomplishments. Border security is a critical function. Program implementers will provide training and technical assistance aimed at strengthening the capacity of the MOI Border Police. For example, they will provide practice border guard trainings in interviewing techniques, identification of victims of human trafficking, detection of narcotics, fraudulent document identification, and instructor development courses. They will also assist the border police in drafting and implementing standard operating procedures to enhance cooperation with Customs and the MOI Organized Crime Department, and provide bilateral and trilateral training with neighboring countries to improve regional police practices and cooperation.