June 3, 2008


(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 3, 2008)

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.4820/08), in particular the section on the matters entrusted to the Committee on Hemispheric Security;

REITERATING the urgent need for all member states to take the appropriate measures and to cooperate with one another to prevent, combat, and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, because of the harmful effects of these activities on the security of each state and the region as a whole, since they jeopardize the well-being of people, their social and economic development, and their right to live in peace;

REAFFIRMING the principles of sovereignty, nonintervention, and the juridical equality of states;

UNDERSCORING the importance of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA) for promoting and facilitating cooperation and the sharing of information and experiences among the states parties with a view to preventing, combating, and eradicating the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials;

REAFFIRMING the importance of promoting and facilitating cooperation and the sharing of information and experiences among all the states at the bilateral, regional, and international levels, with a view to averting, combating, and eradicating the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials;

REAFFIRMING ALSO the validity of the decisions adopted by the First Conference of the States Party to the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), held in Bogotá, Colombia, on March 8 and 9, 2004, and in particular the commitments and measures agreed to in the Declaration of Bogotá on the Functioning and Application of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (Declaration of Bogotá);

EMPHASIZING that the Second Conference of the States Party to the CIFTA, held in Mexico City on February 20 and 21, 2008, at which the member states adopted the Tlatelolco Commitment, will contribute to implementation of the CIFTA and help counter new threats, in accordance with the Declaration on Security in the Americas;

CONSIDERING that the states of the Hemisphere recognized, in the Declaration on Security in the Americas, adopted on October 28, 2003, in Mexico City, that the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials are a threat to hemispheric security and, when used by terrorists and criminals, undermine the rule of law, breed violence and, in some cases, impunity, exacerbate conflicts, and represent a serious threat to human security, and that they agreed to combat the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials;

BEARING IN MIND the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, the hemispheric contribution to its implementation, and the importance of taking concrete measures in the Hemisphere toward implementation of the national, regional, and global components of that Programme of Action;

TAKING NOTE of the efforts of the United Nations to promote implementation of the International Tracing Instrument through practical workshops, including the workshop to be held in Brazil in June 2008;

RECALLING resolutions AG/RES. 1 (XXIV-E/97), AG/RES. 1621 (XXIX-O/99), AG/RES. 1750 (XXX-O/00), AG/RES. 1800 (XXXI-O/01), AG/RES. 1874 (XXXII-O/02), AG/RES. 1972 (XXXIII-O/03), AG/RES. 1999 (XXXIV-O/04), AG/RES. 2094 (XXXV-O/05), AG/RES. 2179 (XXXVI-O/06), and AG/RES. 2341 (XXXVII-O/07), regarding the CIFTA;

CONSIDERING the substantial progress made by the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, especially the decisions adopted at its ninth regular meeting, held on May 9, 2008;


NOTING WITH SATISFACTION:

The results of the Third Meeting of the Group of Experts to Prepare Model Legislation in the Areas to Which the CIFTA Refers, regarding model legislation on legislative measures to establish as criminal offenses the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials (Article IV), held on October 15 and 16, 2007, at the headquarters of the Organization of American States (OAS);

The presentation at the Second Conference of the States Party to the CIFTA, held in Mexico City on February 20 and 21, 2008, of national experiences and developments in the framework of the CIFTA, and of the report drawn up by the Technical Secretariat on the level of country compliance with the CIFTA (CIFTA/CEP-II/doc.5/08);

The Work Program for 2008-2009 of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, which the Committee adopted at its ninth regular meeting; and

The firearms destruction programs carried out by OAS member states in the framework of the CIFTA, the Declaration of Bogotá, and the Tlatelolco Commitment; and the technical support of the General Secretariat in this area;

HAVING SEEN the report of the Secretary General on the status of signatures and ratifications of the CIFTA and noting that this Convention has been signed by 33 member states and ratified by 27 of them; and

REAFFIRMING the importance of the earliest possible entry into force of the CIFTA in all member states in order to facilitate and guarantee the achievement of its purposes throughout the Hemisphere,

RESOLVES:

1. To urge all member states that have not already done so to give prompt consideration to ratifying or acceding to, as the case may be, the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), and to adopting all necessary measures for its effective implementation.

2. To endorse the Tlatelolco Commitment adopted by the Second Conference of the States Party to the CIFTA, held in Mexico City on February 20 and 21, 2008.

3. To urge the member states of the Organization of American States (OAS) to incorporate into their national law, as appropriate, legally binding subregional, regional, and international instruments for strengthening border control in the region against illicit trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials.

4. To adopt model legislation on the legislative measures to establish as criminal offenses the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and related materials, as well as model legislation on the strengthening of controls at export points for firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials, both of which were approved by the Consultative Committee at its ninth regular meeting, held on May 9, 2008.

5. To encourage the OAS member states to implement, as appropriate, the aforementioned model legislation; and to urge them to request assistance, through the Technical Secretariat, where appropriate, to aid in the development and enactment of this model legislation.

6. To convene, in the framework of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, the Fourth Meeting of the OAS Group of Experts to Prepare Model Legislation in the Areas to Which the CIFTA Refers, for January 29 and 30, 2009, at OAS headquarters, to consider draft model legislation on confiscation or forfeiture, pursuant to Article VII of the Convention.

7. To convene, in the framework of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, the Fifth Meeting of the OAS Group of Experts to Prepare Model Legislation in the Areas to Which the CIFTA Refers, for October 8 and 9, 2009, at OAS headquarters, to consider draft model legislation on recordkeeping, confidentiality, and exchange of information, pursuant to Articles XI, XII, and XIII of the Convention.

8. To convene, in the framework of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, for the last quarter of 2008 at OAS headquarters, a meeting of the appropriate national customs authorities dedicated to enhancing cooperation on the enforcement of international regulations on the movement of firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials.

9. To convene for April 23 and 24, 2009, at OAS headquarters, the Tenth Regular Meeting of the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA, pursuant to Article XXI of the Convention, and likewise to lend support to any appropriate preparatory meetings.

10. To request the General Secretariat to continue organizing, in the framework of the CIFTA, the Declaration of Bogotá on the Functioning and Application of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (Declaration of Bogotá), and the Tlatelolco Commitment, specialized workshops and training programs on the destruction of small arms, light weapons, and ammunition, on stockpile management, and on the identification, marking, tracing, inventory control, and diversion of firearms, ammunition, and explosives.

11. To request the Consultative Committee to take the necessary measures, with support from the Technical Secretariat, with a view to implementation of the agreements reached in the Tlatelolco Commitment, in particular those mentioned in paragraphs 15 to 20, at its meetings scheduled for this year.

12. To invite the Consultative Committee of the CIFTA to continue reporting periodically to the Committee on Hemispheric Security of the Permanent Council on developments in the implementation of the Declaration of Bogotá and the Tlatelolco Commitment, so that said Committee may take such information into account when preparing coordinated strategies and integrated action plans in connection with the new threats, concerns, and other challenges to hemispheric security.

13. To invite the OAS member states to consider making voluntary contributions, in the form of financial and human resources, to bring about the full implementation of the CIFTA and the strengthening of its Technical Secretariat.

14. To request OAS member states and permanent observers, and international, regional, and subregional organizations interested in the subject, as well as the international community, to consider the possibility of providing the Technical Secretariat with technical, financial, and educational assistance to support the implementation of measures to prevent, combat, and eradicate the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials.

15. To direct that the meetings of the Consultative Committee, including meetings within this framework, be held within the resources allocated in the program-budget of the Organization and other available resources; and to request the General Secretariat to provide the necessary administrative and technical secretariat support for these purposes.

16. To request the Secretary General to present a report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the status of signatures and ratifications of the CIFTA.

17. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its thirty-ninth regular session on the implementation of this resolution, the execution of which shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.