Foreign Military Training and DoD Engagement Activities of Interest: Joint Report to Congress
Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
March 2002
Report

This report is presented pursuant to the requirements of two laws: the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, and the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2002, as enacted in P.L. 107-115.

The first requirement is Section 656 of the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) (22 U.S.C. 2416), which provides:

  1. Annual Report.-- Not later than January 31 of each year, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly prepare and submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on all military training provided to foreign military personnel by the Department of Defense and the Department of State during the previous fiscal year and all such training proposed for the current fiscal year.
  2. Contents.-- The report described in subsection (a) shall include the following:
    1. For each military training activity, the foreign policy justification and purpose for the activity, the number of foreign military personnel provided training and their units of operation, and the location of the training.
    2. For each country, the aggregate number of students trained and the aggregate cost of the military training activities.
    3. With respect to United States personnel, the operational benefits to the United States forces derived from each military training activity and the United States military units involved in each activity.

  3. Form. -- The report described in subsection (a) shall be in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
  4. Availability on Internet.-- All unclassified portions of the report shall be made available to the public on the Internet through the Department of State.

The second requirement is Section 564 of the FY02 Foreign Operations Act, which provides:

  1. The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly provide to the Congress by March 1, 2002, a report on all military training provided to foreign military personnel (excluding sales, and excluding training provided to the military personnel of countries belonging to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) under programs administered by the Department of Defense and the Department of State during fiscal years 2001 and 2002, including those proposed for fiscal year 2002. This report shall include, for each such military training activity, the foreign policy justification and purpose for the training activity, the cost of the training activity, the number of foreign students trained and their units of operations, and the location of the training. In addition, this report shall also include, with respect to United States personnel, the operational benefits to United States forces derived from each such training activity and the United States military units involved in such training activity. This report may include a classified annex if deemed necessary and appropriate.
  2. For purposes of this section, a report to Congress shall be deemed to mean a report to the Appropriations and Foreign Relations Committees of the Senate and the Appropriations and International Relations Committees of the House of Representatives.

United States military training programs for foreign personnel are important tools to advance U.S. interests. As with all aspects of U.S. foreign policy, the Departments of Defense and State share congressional interest in ensuring these programs are consistent with our overall foreign policy objectives and are in accordance with all applicable U.S. laws and regulations.

Volume I of this report provides the operational benefits to U.S. forces for these training and education programs and engagement activities; a description of each type of activity; a summary of all training provided along with the foreign policy justification for each country; country activity training lists (excluding training purchased by foreign countries through the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Program and excluding training to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member countries); and explanations of the purpose for each training activity. Volume I is unclassified and available on the Department of State and Defense Security Cooperation Agency websites. Volumes II and III are classified, thereby precluding either from being made available on the Internet.

Within the report, approximately 49,500 individual events are arranged in alphabetical order within regions by country and fiscal year, and then listed in three main categories - education and training activities provided under the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Program; Department of State (DoS) funded activities; and Department of Defense (DoD) funded activities. DoS funded activities reported include: International Military Education and Training (IMET); Foreign Military Financing (FMF) funded training; International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL); Enhanced International Peacekeeping Capabilities (EIPC); and FAA drawdown for narcotics education and training.

DoD funded activities reported in Volumes II and III include: Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities; Non-Security Assistance, Combatant Command Engagement Activities (e.g., Counter-Narcotics, Humanitarian Demining); and
Non-Security Assistance. Miscellaneous DoD and DoS funded activities reported include: Service Academy; Aviation Leadership Program; Exchanges; and Regional Programs (African Crisis Response Initiative (ACRI)), the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (APCSS), the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies (Marshall Center), the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies (CHDS), the Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies (NESA Center), and the Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS); and certain classified Combatant Command activities. Training events and engagement activities reported for fiscal year 2001 and anticipated for 2002 will involve approximately 108,500 international military and civilian personnel from 176 countries around the world.

Although the Department of Defense does not consider Joint Combined Exchange Training (JCET) events as training, they are included in this report while other non-training activities, such as U.S. ship port visits and combined exercises have been omitted. Some categories of training, such as Expanded-IMET (E-IMET) and the Regional Centers, also include training of non-military personnel, and some non-training counterdrug activities are also included.

The report is more than a simple summary of more than 49,500 different events — it is a record of the many ways in which foreign military education and training programs and engagement activities support U.S. foreign policy by improving the capabilities of U.S. friends and allies, and providing training opportunities for both U.S. and foreign forces.

By helping to shape the international security environment in ways favorable to U.S. interests, these programs help allies and friends create favorable balances of military power in critical areas of the world to deter aggression or coercion. These training programs also provide a range of security cooperation benefits for our friends and allies, and assure them of our commitment as a reliable security partner. Not only do these programs provide intellectual and technical benefits to the participants, they also expose thousands of current and future foreign military leaders to the values essential to forces responsible for maintaining security in democratic societies. For example, a training program designed to provide instruction in areas such as defense resources management or command-and-control architecture also simultaneously highlights the benefits of effective civilian oversight and respect for the rule of law — concepts that are essential to developing a professional military force. Finally, as valuable as these programs are for our friends and allies, in this changing security environment, they also provide direct benefits to U.S. service members. When U.S. service members meet with their foreign counterparts, they improve their understanding of foreign military organizations, languages, cultures, and political systems, as well as the different types of environments into which they might deploy in the future.

[This is a mobile copy of (b) Executive Summary]