Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
January 20, 2009


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Flag of Kyrgyzstan is red field with a yellow sun in the center having 40 rays representing the 40 Kyrgyz tribes; on the obverse side the rays run counterclockwise, on the reverse, clockwise; in the center of the sun is a red ring crossed by two sets of three lines, a stylized representation of the roof of the traditional Kyrgyz yurt.Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance*
Fiscal Year (FY) 2007: $34.2 Million (M) ($30.2M FSA, $4.0M Other)
Estimate FY 2008: $30.6M ($25.05M FSA, $5.6M Other)**

Assistance Goals: The United States (U.S.) supports efforts by the Kyrgyz Republic to strengthen its economic development with a transparent government. U.S. Government (USG) assistance supports the reforms necessary to develop democratic institutions and create greater economic opportunity.

Areas of Focus (Foreign Operations Appropriated Assistance):

Peace and Security (PS): FY 2007: $3.9M; Est. FY 2008: $6.2M

  • Improve the professionalism of the Kyrgyz Traffic Police and increase the transparency of the law-enforcement departments;
  • Build the capacity of the Kyrgyz Armed Forces and increase interoperability with Western defense forces;
  • Combat transnational crime, human trafficking and drug smuggling.

Governing Justly and Democratically (GJD) FY 2007: $9.8M; Est. FY 2008: $10.8M

  • Improve the environment for human rights work, increase civic advocacy and strengthen independent analysis to expand the debate on human rights;
  • Increase access to objective information through television and the Internet;
  • Strengthen citizens' abilities to work with their local governments to address community priorities;
  • In addition to Foreign Operations Assistance, during FY 2008 and FY 2009, the Millennium Challenge Account threshold program, valued at $16M, will support anti-corruption efforts and strengthen the rule of law.***

Investing in People (IIP): FY 2007: $5.6M; Est. FY 2008: $4.5M

  • Improve HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis care by supporting physician training, improving diagnosis and treatment protocols;
  • Support primary health care system reforms to provide higher quality care;
  • Increase public access to family planning and reproductive health care;
  • Work to improve the quality and relevance of basic education and support the development of the American University of Central Asia.

Economic Growth (EG): FY 2007: $11.8M; Est. FY 2008: $8.3M

  • Support the economic foundation for macroeconomic growth by building the Ministry of Finance’s institutional capacity;
  • Encourage private sector competitiveness and an open business environment;
  • Facilitate Kyrgyz participation in a regional electricity and energy market;
  • Improve agricultural productivity by using a value chain approach;
  • Support microcredit access to small businesses.

Humanitarian Assistance (HA): FY 2007: $0.75M; Est. FY 2008: $0.70M

  • In FY 2007, the USG provided medical supplies and donated food and other supplies valued at $32.6M to the most vulnerable populations of the Kyrgyz Republic.

Recent Successes:

  • The Kyrgyz Drug Control Agency seized over 700 kilograms of drugs, including 135 kilograms of opium and heroin;
  • Commercial bank deposits increased by 45% from 2006 to 2007;
  • 275 village health committees formed to improve the quality of health care in their communities.

*Division J of the Fiscal Year 2008 Omnibus Appropriations Act: Department of State Foreign Operations and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2008, including: FSA, CSH, NADR, IMET and FMF.

**Estimate from FY 2009 Congressional Budget Justification; Website: http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/101440.pdf.

Pie chart depicting foreign operations appropriated assistance est. FY 2008 by objective. Text version also available.

Line graph depicting USG total assistance 1992-2007: Total USG and FREEDOM Support Act, FSA, USD Millions. Text version also available.

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Kyrgyz Rep.: Est. FY 2008 USD Thousands

Total For. Ops. Accounts**

$30,610

FREEDOM Support Act:

$25,046

Non-proliferation, Anti-terrorism, De-mining and Related Programs (NADR):

$2,984

International Military Education and Training (IMET):

$1,142

Foreign Military Financing (FMF):

$843

Child Survival and Health (CSH):

$595

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For More Information:

FSA Annual Report:
http://www.state.gov/p/eur/rls/rpt

U.S. Embassy:
http://bishkek.usembassy.gov/

***Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC):
http://www.mcc.gov/countries/kyrgyzrepublic/
index.php


Graph Explanations

Pie Chart: For estimated Fiscal Year 2008 thirty-six percent of U.S. assistance to Kyrgyz Republic went to the objective of to Governing Justly and Democratically (GJD), twenty percent to Peace and Security (PS), twenty-seven percent to Economic Growth (EG), fifteen percent to Investing in People (IIP) and two percent to Humanitarian Assistance (HA).

The Line Graph covers U.S. assistance to Kyrgyz Republic from 1992-2007:

  • In Fiscal Year 1992 1.97 Million dollars in Freedom Support Act (FSA) assistance was given to Kyrgyz Republic and total United States Government (USG) assistance was 13.03 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1993: FSA: 14.30 Million dollars; Total USG: 108.26 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1994: FSA: 61.31 Million dollars; Total USG: 90.50 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1995: FSA: 23.24 Million dollars; Total USG: 44.50 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1996: FSA: 18.94 Million dollars; Total USG: 63.63 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1997: FSA: 21.24 Million dollars; Total USG: 23.86 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1998: FSA: 25.40 Million dollars; Total USG: 50.34 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 1999: FSA: 31.99 Million dollars; Total USG: 61.19 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2000: FSA: 30.18 Million dollars; Total USG: 49.76 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2001: FSA: 36.72 Million dollars; Total USG: 41.72 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2002: FSA: 72.43 Million dollars; Total USG: 94.22 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2003: FSA: 38.17 Million dollars; Total USG: 54.56 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2004: FSA: 36.72 Million dollars; Total USG: 56.25 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2005: FSA: 35.70 Million dollars; Total USG: 55.23 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2006: FSA: 28.78 Million dollars; Total USG: 43.24 Million dollars;
  • Fiscal Year 2007: FSA: 30.18 Million dollars; Total USG: 40.21 Million dollars.