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The Hague Code of Conduct Against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (HCOC) was formally brought into effect on November 25, 2002, at a Launching Conference hosted by the Netherlands at The Hague. The U.S. actively participated in the conference and is one of 93 original Subscribing States to the HCOC (formerly known as the International Code of Conduct Against Ballistic Missile Proliferation - ICOC). As of October 2011, 134 countries have subscribed to the HCOC.

The HCOC is aimed at bolstering efforts to curb ballistic missile proliferation worldwide and to further delegitimize such proliferation. The HCOC consists of a set of general principles, modest commitments, and limited confidence-building measures. It is intended to supplement, not supplant, the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR), and is administered collectively by all of the Subscribing States.

Although there is no formal Secretariat or implementing organization, Austria serves as the Immediate Central Contact (ICC) for the HCOC. Annual meetings are held in Vienna, where Subscribing States discuss implementation issues, including pre-launch notifications and annual declarations on space and ballistic missile policies, and the continued universalization of the HCOC. In 2011, a new HCOC website (http://www.hcoc.at/) was created with EU financing, and is maintained by the ICC.


HCOC List of Subscribing States (as of October 2011)

1.

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1. Afghanistan

69. Madagascar

2. Albania

70. Malawi

3. Andorra

71. Maldives

4. Argentina

72. Mali

5. Armenia

73. Malta

6. Australia

74. Marshall Islands

7. Austria

75. Mauritania

8. Azerbaijan

76. Federated States of Micronesia

9. Belarus

77. Moldova

10. Belgium

78. Monaco

11. Benin

79. Mongolia

12. Bosnia and Herzegovina

80. Montenegro

13. Bulgaria

81. Morocco

14. Burkina Faso

82. Mozambique

15. Burundi

83. Netherlands

16. Cambodia

84. New Zealand

17. Cameroon

85. Nicaragua

18. Canada

86. Niger

19. Cape Verde

87. Nigeria

20. Central African Republic

88. Norway

21. Chad

89. Palau

22. Chile

90. Panama

23. Colombia

91. Papua New Guinea

24. Comoros

92. Paraguay

25. Cook Islands

93. Peru

26. Costa Rica

94. Philippines

27. Croatia

95. Poland

28. Cyprus

96. Portugal

29. Czech Republic

97. Republic of the Congo

30. Denmark

98. Republic of Korea

31. Dominican Republic

99. Republic of Macedonia

32. Ecuador

100. Romania

33. El Salvador

101. Russian Federation

34. Eritrea

102. Rwanda

35. Estonia

103. Samoa

36. Ethiopia

104. San Marino

37. Fiji

105. Senegal

38. Finland

106. Serbia

39. France

107. Seychelles

40. Gabon

108. Sierra Leone

41. Gambia

109. Singapore

42. Georgia

110. Slovakia

43. Germany

111. Slovenia

44. Ghana

112. South Africa

45. Greece

113. Spain

46. Guatemala

114. Sudan

47. Guinea

115. Suriname

48. Guinea-Bissau

116. Sweden

49. Guyana

117. Switzerland

50. Haiti

118. Tajikistan

51. Holy See

119. Tanzania

52. Honduras

120. Timor-Leste

53. Hungary

121. Tonga

54. Iceland

122. Tunisia

55. Iraq

123. Turkey

56. Ireland

124. Turkmenistan

57. Italy

125. Tuvalu

58. Japan

126. Uganda

59. Jordan

127. Ukraine

60. Kazakhstan

128. United Kingdom

61. Kenya

129. United States

62. Kiribati

130. Uruguay

63. Latvia

131. Uzbekistan

64. Liberia

132. Vanuatu

65. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

133. Venezuela

66. Liechtenstein

134. Zambia

67. Lithuania

68. Luxembourg