Summary: The Global Security Contingency Fund (GSCF) is a pilot program, currently authorized through September 30, 2017, that permits the Department of State (DOS) and Department of Defense (DoD) to pool money and expertise to address emergent challenges and opportunities to a partner countries’ security and (in some instances) justice sectors important to U.S. national security and foreign policy. It is a bridging mechanism to provide assistance in the near- to mid-term.

Two Types of Assistance:

Through the GSCF, DOS and DoD can provide training, equipment, supplies, and minor military construction:

  1. To enhance the capabilities of national military and other national -level security forces (and government oversight agencies) that conduct border and maritime security, internal defense, CT operations to:

a) conduct border and maritime security, internal defense, CT operations; or

b) participate in or support military, stability, or peace support operations consistent with U.S. foreign policy and national security interests;

  1. For justice sector (including law enforcement and prisons), rule of law programs, and stabilization efforts in a country when the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of Defense, determines that conflict or instability in a country or region challenges the existing capacity of civilian providers to deliver such assistance.

Congressional Authorization and Funding Sources:

The GSCF is authorized as a pilot program under Section 1207 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2012 (P.L. 112-81), as amended. Per the authorizing legislation, DoD may contribute no more than 80 percent of the funding for any program, and DOS must contribute at least 20 percent for each program. DOS and DoD currently do not have directed appropriations for the GSCF. Rather, Congress authorized DOS to transfer its’ “at least 20%” contribution from the Foreign Military Financing (FMF), International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE), and Peacekeeping Operations (PKO) programs. DoD is authorized to transfer its “no more than 80%” contribution from its Operation and Maintenance, Defense-wide account. While the total, combined annual amount may be as high as $250 million annually, it could be lower in any given year depending on the amount Congress authorizes the respective Departments to transfer annually. For example, in FY 2014 DOS’ transfer authority was limited to $25 million, which effectively limited the total combined DOS-DoD transfer to $125 million.

GSCF Primary Goals:

  • Improve our ability to promptly respond to emerging requirements for capacity building assistance in security sectors of countries of strategic importance to the United States.
  • Develop a tailored and integrated plan of assistance across a partner country’s security sector.
  • Model interagency collaboration in the planning, implementation, and assessment of security sector assistance efforts by creating joint planning structures and implementation procedures for the GSCF.