Several Canadian claimants have submitted notices of arbitration under the UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules alleging that the United States has violated NAFTA Chapter Eleven by closing the border to the importation of Canadian cattle after the discovery in 2003 of a case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE or mad cow disease) in a cow in Alberta, Canada. Claimants are Canadian citizens and corporations that own and operate cattle feeding, feedlot and transportation businesses in Canada, which they allege were damaged by the border closure.

Claimants allege that the border closure violates NAFTA Article 1102 (national treatment). The notices of arbitration seek damages of varying amounts, ranging from CAN$38,000 to CAN$95 million. The total amount of damages sought by claimants is approximately US$235 million.

On January 28, 2008, the tribunal issued its Award on Jurisdiction, dismissing the claims against the United States in their entirety. The tribunal’s award, and other documents in the case, appear below.

-01/28/08 Award on Jurisdiction
[575 Kb]

-10/10/07 Transcript of the Hearing on the Preliminary Issue - Day Two
[166 Kb]

-10/09/07 Transcript of the Hearing on the Preliminary Issue - Day One
[260 Kb]

-08/03/07 Procedural Order No. 3
[26 Kb]

-07/05/07 Claimants' Rejoinder on the Preliminary Issue
[849 Kb]

-05/01/07 U.S. Reply on the Preliminary Issue
[245 Kb]

-03/01/07 Article 1128 Submission of Mexico
[47 Kb]

-01/30/07 Claimants' Response on the Preliminary Question
[2303 Kb]

-12/01/06 U.S. Memorial on the Preliminary Issue
[167 Kb]

-11/07/06 Procedural Order No. 2
[62 Kb]

-10/20/06 Procedural Order No. 1
[122 Kb]

-06/02/05 Jim McNall Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-06/02/05 Leslie Smith Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-06/02/05 Michael Sears Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-06/02/05 Rex Vandenberg Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-06/02/05 Richard Hiebert Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-06/02/05 Rod Oosterbroek Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-06/02/05 TER Cattle Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/20/05 Andrew Oosterbroek Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/20/05 Brad Hopkins Notice of Arbitration
[396 Kb]

-05/20/05 Brent Byers Notice of Arbitration
[395 Kb]

-05/20/05 Brent Fisher Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/20/05 Byron Sedore Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Chris Irwin Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Cornelius Van Hal Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/20/05 Darren Johnston Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Dave Knapp Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 David Hewitt Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Donald Procter Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 George Adams Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/20/05 Glen Thompson Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/20/05 Graham Alexander Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Helmut Friesen Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/20/05 James Wiskerke Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/20/05 Joseph Daunt Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Keith Kerr Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Ken Andreychuk Notice of Arbitration
[396 Kb]

-05/20/05 Kevin Freiburger Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Larry Brodersen Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/20/05 Lee Robson Notice of Arbitraiton
[450 Kb]

-05/20/05 Maria Vanden Elzen Notice of Arbitration
[413 Kb]

-05/20/05 Murray Johnston Notice of Arbitration
[395 Kb]

-05/20/05 NFL Holdings Notice of Arbitration
[456 Kb]

-05/20/05 Paul Gowing Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Paul MacIntyre Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Peter Schwenk Notice of Arbitration
[448 Kb]

-05/20/05 Peter Vander Heyden Notice of Arbitration
[415 Kb]

-05/20/05 Robert Emerson Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Robert Laidlaw Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/20/05 Ron Coulter Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/20/05 Ross McCall Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/20/05 Ryan Kasko Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/11/05 Barry Hillman Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Ben Gardiner Notice of Arbitration
[416 Kb]

-05/11/05 Bernie Loman Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Blair Bieman Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Blake Holtman Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/11/05 Bruce Groenenboom Notice of Arbitration
[403 Kb]

-05/11/05 Butch Martin Notice of Arbitration
[441 Kb]

-05/11/05 Dale Pallister Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Darwin Ullery Notice of Arbitration
[412 Kb]

-05/11/05 Dave Gardiner Notice of Arbitration
[415 Kb]

-05/11/05 Dave Johnston Notice of Arbitration
[415 Kb]

-05/11/05 Dave Matthies, Notice of Arbitration
[421 Kb]

-05/11/05 David Millsap Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Doug Briggs Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Doug Nieboer Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Doug Shelswel Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Ed Stronks Notice of Arbitration
[413 Kb]

-05/11/05 Eric Thacker Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Evert Kraayenbrink Notice of Arbitration
[415 Kb]

-05/11/05 Firmin Declercq Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Frank Zettler Notice of Arbitration
[395 Kb]

-05/11/05 G. Lee Hochstein Notice of Arbitration
[374 Kb]

-05/11/05 George Alton Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 George Maxwell Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Glen Armitage Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Grant Nelson Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/11/05 Harry Duban Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/11/05 Harry Vandersteen Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/11/05 Harry Welsch Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/11/05 Henry Van Hall Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Herb Groenenboom Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Herbert Serfas Notice of Arbitration
[403 Kb]

-05/11/05 Herman Stroeve Notice of Arbitration
[449 Kb]

-05/11/05 Ian MacLean Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Jim Steed Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Joe Stroeve Notice of Arbitration
[423 Kb]

-05/11/05 John Schooten Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 John Stroeve Notice of Arbitration
[423 Kb]

-05/11/05 John Vander Heyden Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Julie Coe Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Keith Scott Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Larry Lehrbass Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Leighton Kolk Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Lloyd Sproule Notice of Arbitration
[391 Kb]

-05/11/05 Louis Ypma Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Marty Wren Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Mary Conlin Notice of Arbitration
[395 Kb]

-05/11/05 Murray Brodhagen Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Nick Popovic Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Paul Adams Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Renus Van Hal Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Richard Visser Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Rients Wever Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Robert Cooke Notice of Arbitration
[415 Kb]

-05/11/05 Robert Vander Heyden Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/11/05 Ryan Gibson Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-05/11/05 Steve McKague Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Stuart Alton Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Ward Takeda Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-05/11/05 Wayne Beattie Notice of Arbitration
[394 Kb]

-05/11/05 Wilfred Haines Notice of Arbitration
[415 Kb]

-03/16/05 Cor Van Raay Notice of Arbitration
[396 Kb]

-03/16/05 Joe Groenenboom Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]

-03/16/05 John Vander Heyden Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-03/16/05 Larry Nolan Notice of Arbitration
[393 Kb]

-03/16/05 Theodorus de Boer Notice of Arbitration
[392 Kb]